CONSTRUCTION OF PANEL DOOR

CONSTRUCTION OF PANEL DOOR

ABSTRACT

Panel door is one of the important construction found or used in a building. It can be found in most building for protection of valuables and to regulate movement in the building. Wooden panel is said to be the best pattern of door because it is easy and low cost of constructing. The project was constructed using a very hard and some other important machines and hand tools and accurate measurement was made to ensure a good and a proper finishing of a panel door.

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THE ROLE OF NATURAL POZZOLANS IN SANDCRETE PERFORMANCE

THE ROLE OF NATURAL POZZOLANS IN SANDCRETE PERFORMANCE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND STUDY

Various research works have been carried out on the binary blends of ordinary Portland cement with different pozzolans in making cement composites.

The need to reduce the high cost of Ordinary Portland Cement in order to provide accommodation for the populace has intensified research into the use of some locally available materials that could be used as partial replacement for Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). Supplementary cementitous materials have been proven to be effective in meeting most of the requirements of durable concrete and blended cements are now used in many parts of the world (Bakar 2010).

The cost of building materials nowadays is so high in some parts of the world particularly developing countries like Nigeria, that only the government, industries, business cooperation and few individual can afford it. This high and still rising cost can however be reduced to a minimum by use of alternative building materials that are cheap, locally available and bring about a reduction in the overall dead weight of the building. Some industrial and agricultural products that would otherwise litter the environment as waste or at best be put into only limited use could gainfully be employed as building material (Oluremi 1990).

Rice husk which is an agricultural by–product is abundantly available all over the world. Most of the rice husk, which is obtained by milling paddy, is going as waste materials even though some quantity is used as bedding material, fuel in boilers etc. its ash, which not only occupy large areas causing space problems, but also cause environmental pollution. Thus the concrete industry offers an ideal method to integrate and utilize a number of waste materials, which are socially acceptable, easily available, and economically within the buying powers of an ordinary man. Presence of such materials in cement concrete not only reduces the carbon dioxide emission, but also imparts significant improvement in workability and durability. In the present investigation, a feasibility study is made to use Rice Husk Ash as an admixture to already replaced Cement (Portland Pozzolana Cement) in Concrete.

With increasing industrialization, the industrial by-product (waste) are being accumulated to a large extent leading to environmental and economic concerns related to this disposal. The concerns of our global environment and increasing energy insecurity has led to an increasing demand in renewable energy and their sources among the resources, biomass resources (forestry and agricultural wastes) and power fuelled by them as a promising source of renewable energy with economically low operational cost.

Rice Husk Ash (RHA) which is an agricultural by-product has been reported to be a good pozzolan by numerous researchers. Sandcrete blocks comprise of natural sand, water and binder. Cement, as a binder, is the most expensive input in to the production of sandcrete blocks. This has necessitated producers of sandcrete blocks to produce blocks with low OPC content that will be affordable to people and with much gain. The poverty level amongst West African Countries and particularly Nigerian has made these blocks widely acceptable among the populace so as to minimize the cost of construction works. The improper use of these blocks leads to microcracks on the walls after construction. The use of alternative cheaper local materials as stabilizer will greatly enhance the production of sandcrete blocks with the desired properties at low cost. It will also drastically reduce the cost of production and consequently the cost of construction works (Cordeiro 2009).

A survey by raw materials research and development Council of Nigeria on available local building materials reveals that certain building materials deserve serious consideration as substitute for imported ones. Few of these materials includes: cement / lime stabilized bricks /blocks, sundried (Adobe) soil blocks, burnt clay bricks/ blocks, cast in-situ walls, rice husk ash (RHA), mud and straw, lime and sandcrete blocks.

In the urban and rural areas of Nigeria, local milling is being done mostly by women. They mainly use firewood as heat source and as such one hundred percent of the rice husk from the mill is a waste. It occupies 20 –24% of the rough rice produced, although the ratio differs by variety. About 108 tonnes of rice husks are generated annually in the world.

In Niger State in Nigeria, about 96,660 tonnes of rice grains were produced in year 2000. In developing countries like Nigeria, proper utilization of agricultural waste has not been given due attention. The rice husk thereby constitutes an environmental nuisance as they form refuse heaps in the areas where they are disposed. The use of rice husk ash as a partial replacement to cement will provide an economic use of the by – product and consequently produce cheaper blocks for low cost buildings.

Rice is a major food crop in many regions of the world. Global rice production in 2007 was approximately 638 million tonnes and Malaysia’s contribution was 2.2 million tonnes [Food and Agriculture Organisation for the UN, 2008]. Due to global demand, rice production is expected to grow from year to year. Rice husk (RH) is the outer covering of the rice grain and is obtained during the milling process. Rice Husk constitutes 20% of the total rice produced [G. Giaccio 2007].

As a renewable material, the use of Rice Husk can eliminate waste disposal and support environmental protection. Even though Malaysia is not a prominent rice-producing country, large quantities of Rice Husk are produced every year after the harvest season (November to March). Commercially, other applications of Rice Husk are as silicon carbide whiskers to reinforce ceramic cutting tools and as aggregates and fillers for concrete and board production. However, most of this agricultural by-product is simply disposed, thus representing an environmental problem.

Rice hulls (or rice husks) are the hard protecting coverings of grains of rice. In addition to protecting rice during the growing season, rice hulls can be put to use as building material (Wikipedia.com).

The phenomenal pace of population growth and urbanization drives the cement requirement to many folds. The quantum jump in production of cement results in alarming level release of CO2 to the atmosphere. One way of addressing this issue is to reduce the CO2 emission from cement manufacturing process by replacing cement with locally available by-products which are pozzolanic in nature.

Pozzolan is a siliceous or siliceous and aluminous material which, in itself, possesses little or no cementitious value but which will, in finely divided form and in the presence of water, react chemically with calcium hydroxide at ordinary temperature to form compounds possessing cementitious properties (Mehta, 1987).

Also, the high cost of cement used as binder in the production of mortar, sandcrete blocks and concrete has led to a search for alternative. In addition to cost, high energy demand and emission of CO2 this is responsible for global warming. The depletion of limestone deposits are disadvantages associated with cement product.

Research on alternative to cement has so far centred on the partial replacement of cement with different materials.

1.2 Rice Hull (or Husk) Ash as a Pozzolan

Rice hulls (or rice husks) are the hard protecting coverings of grains of rice. In addition to protecting rice during the growing season, rice hulls can be put to use as building material, fertilizer, insulation material, or fuel (Wikipedia.com).

1.3 Production

Rice hulls are the coatings of seeds, or grains, of rice. To protect the seed during the growing season, the hull is formed from hard materials. The hull is mostly indigestible to humans.

Winnowing, used to separate the rice from hulls is to put the whole rice into a pan and throw it into the air while the wind blows. The light hulls are blown away while the heavy rice fall back into the pan. Later pestles and a simple machine called a rice pounder were developed to remove hulls. In 1885 the modern rice hulling machine was invented in Brazil. During the milling processes, the hulls are removed from the raw grain to reveal whole brown rice, which may then sometimes be milled further to remove the bran layer, resulting in white rice.

1.4 Uses of Rice Hulls Combustion of rice hulls affords rice husk ash (acronym RHA). This ash is a potential source of amorphous reactive silica, which has a variety of applications in materials science. Most of the ash is used in the production of Portland cement when burnt completely, the ash can have a blaine number of as much as 3,600 compared to the blaine number of cement between 2,800 to 3,000, meaning it is finer than cement. Silica is the basic component of sand, which is used with cement for plastering and concreting. This fine silica will provide a very compact concrete. The ash also is a very good thermal insulation material. The fineness of the ash also makes it a very good candidate for sealing fine cracks in civil structures, where it can penetrate deeper than the conventional cement sand mixture.

A number of possible uses for RHA include absorbents for oils and chemicals, soil ameliorants, a source of silicon, insulation powder in steel mills, as repellents in the form of “vinegar-tar” release agent in the ceramics industry, as an insulation material.

1.5 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

The majority of rice husk goes into landfills since the burning in open piles is not acceptable due to environmental constraints.  This makes the research on the potential uses of rice husk and rice husk ashof primary importance in the USA and around the world.  The manufacturing of cement produces carbon dioxide (CO2), which is a prime contributor to the global warming.  Typically, cement production results in CO2 emissions of about 0.8 – 1.2 tonnes/tonne of cement product depending on the production process and the fuel used.  Also, using RHA in concrete will help to reduce the amount of cement due to the partial substitution of cement by RHA and by making the concrete last longer (Folliard K.J 2002)

1.6 AIM OF THE STUDY

The aim of this research is to enhance the understanding of the role of natural pozzolans in sandcrete performance and to see how pozzloanic material would replace cement in the near future.

1.7 OBEJECTIVES OF THE STUDY                         

1) To enlighten people on rice husk Ash pozzolan Carryout a cost comparative analysis to ascertain the affordability and sustainability of rice husk ash.

2) To investigate the effectiveness of using naturally occurring pozzolan materials as an additive or substitute for cement in sandcrete mixtures.

3) Carryout an analysis to ascertain the affordability and sustainability of rice husk ash.

1.8 SCOPE OF STUDY

This research work examined the use of Rice Husk Ash as partial replacement for Ordinary Portland Cement in concrete. It involved the determination of workability and compressive strength of the sandcrete at different level of replacement.

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DETERMINATION OF THE TRANSMISSIBILTY AND STORAGE COEFFICIENT OF BOLEHOLES IN SOUTH-EASTERN NIGERIA

DETERMINATION OF THE TRANSMISSIBILTY AND STORAGE COEFFICIENT OF BOLE HOLES IN SOUTH-EASTERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to investigate the determination of the transmissibility and storage coefficient of boreholes in South-Eastern Nigeria. Drawdown data collected during a pumping test are used to assess hydrologic properties of the aquifer. The application of the Theis and Theis-Jacob non-steady state method are used to determine the coefficient of transmissibility (T) and the coefficient of storage(S). But, due to variation of specific capacity of wells with time during the earliest period of pumping test, the values of T and S not remain constant with the time of pumping. A simple method is proposed in this study using graphical method to estimate the transmissibility and storativity of aquifer. In the projected method which is based on Theis’formula, no assumptions for the hydrologic parameters are required and the values of T and S are determined simultaneously.

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THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE MADE WITH GRANITE TO THAT MADE WITH RIVER ROUND STONE (PEBBLE) AND LOCAL STONE

THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE MADE WITH GRANITE TO THAT MADE WITH RIVER ROUND STONE (PEBBLE) AND LOCAL STONE

Abstract

This project was described as the comparative study of the strength of concrete made with pure granite (chipping) to that made with river round stone (pebbles) and local stone (sandstone) and their durability considered in the design of structures. The general background gives detailed information source of aggregates used and it cited examples on research carried out with various types of coarse aggregate which show their differences in concrete made with this three aggregates. Tests were carried out which include, impact test, Absorption test, slump test and comprehensive strength test, it was discovered that his different types of coarse aggregates (pure granite, river round stone, and local stone) have a satisfactory crushing strength. Granite with 28days of arising had a compressive strength of 45N/mm, river round stone was 36N/mm2 and that of local stone 18N/mm2. And this shows that granite has a greater strength than river round stone and local stone, which was mainly attributed to greater void spaces in river round stone and also in local stone. From the result of the project work, I recommend that good quality concrete could be made with all the aggregate used. But pure granite has superior quality than river round stone and local stone when used in heavy structure in high rising buildings.

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CONSTRUCTION OF WARDROBE KEY STUDY ON WOOD WORK

CONSTRUCTION OF WARDROBE KEY STUDY ON WOOD WORK

Abstract

Wardrobe is a large tall cupboard for hanging clothes. It is divided into two types, self-supported and wall supported wardrobe. It always has a small box at its side or at the base. We seasoned and treat the material (wood) before using it in constructing wardrobe, so that we will be able to contrast a quality wardrobe. Furthermore, we study physical and mechanical properties of wood. Physical properties of wood is the following permeability, density, moisture content e.t.c mechanical properties are as follows elastic strength, thermal conductivity grain orientate e.t.c. Wardrobe as the subject of this project, we should consider the above properties treat the materials very well and apply the right joint, so that we can be able to construct a wardrobe that can last.

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DYNAMIC INVERSION STUDY OF SOIL MECHANICAL PARAMETERS

DYNAMIC INVERSION STUDY OF SOIL MECHANICAL PARAMETERS

ABSTRACT

Based on the deep foundation pit works of Wuhan Metro Line 2 Gold Garden station, orthogonal test method, finite difference method and BP neural network method are synthetically used to do the inverse analysis study of mechanical parameters of foundation pit. The mechanical parameters are substituted in the finite difference process of deep foundation pit to simulate and calculate. The deformation and bearing situation of building enclosure and soil in the construction process of foundation pit is acquired, which is returned to the design and construction management to provide reference for design modification, construction optimization and engineering prediction, to ensure the security and stability of foundation pit and to greatly reduce investment outlay.

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THE USE OF COMPUTER IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

ABSTRACT

The development of powerful and affordable microcomputers and computer software will have an impact in the delivery of instruction in higher education. This is especially true for civil engineering education where the computer has started to be appreciated as a useful tool in civil engineering analysis and design. This work present the use of computers as tools in the classroom and the authors experience of integrating computer usage in some civil engineering courses.

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION

The rapid development of computer technologies which include powerful and affordable micro-computers and liable user –friendly software has started to change the delivery of instruction in higher education. A computer has greatly increased the ability of students to perform calculations and to process large amount of data. As a result, the type and nature of problems and mathematical techniques taught in school may have to be changed or modified so that the usefulness of the computer can be maximized in the teaching-learning process. This is especially time for civil engineering education where the computer has started to be recognized as a useful and important tool in civil engineering analysis and design. In what way can computer usage be introduced in the curriculum? How can we increase the awareness of student on the importance of computers in the solution of the various problems in civil engineering? These and more are some of the question that will be addressed in this project report. [Oreta 2011]

  • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Civil engineering is the profession that focuses on drawing, design, construction and maintenance of buildings, bridges, transportation system, water and wastewater management, and other infrastructure that is relevant to society’s well being. In almost all the different aspects of civil engineering, it is virtually impossible to escape the application of COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY. This application of computers in civil engineering goes beyond the normal black-box application and requires the engineers to be intelligent and cogent users in order to minimize trial and error approaches when designing physically sound design and analysis.

  • AIM AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The aims of the project is to discuss the various and specific use of computer and provide an avenue for the study of the acquisition of technical skills and knowledge in the use of computer in civil engineering, and also to be able to know how it is being used to solving problem in the preparation of civil engineering works.

  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The scope of this project is concentrated on concept of the use of computer in civil engineering. It involves various ways by which computer application is put in use in order to enhance civil engineering work.

  • LIMITATION OF THE PROJECT

During the period of this project, some limitation were encountered, it was not easy for us to get information relevant to this research. The project work was a tasking job, which demand enough time and commitment, but the fact that we are combining the write up, it then become a bit easy to meet up on the base on the duration of activities in the project.

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THE CAUSES AND EFFECT OF EARLY PREGNANCY ON THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

TABLE OF CONTENT

Chapter one

Introduction

Background of the study

Statement of the problem

Purpose of the study

Research questions

Significance of the study

Scope or delimitation of the study

Definition of terms

Chapter two

Literature review

Chapter three

Research methodology

Introduction

Research design

Population of the study

Sample and sampling procedure

Instrumentation

Administration of instrument

Method of data analysis

Chapter four 

Data analysis and interpretation

Chapter five

Summary, conclusion and recommendations

Summary

Conclusion

Recommendation

Suggestions for further research

References

Appendix- Questionnaire

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Early is a stage in life in which the individual (male or female) begins to develop sexual characteristics. It is usually between the ages of 13-19 years. At this stage in life, sexual desires are often at their peak. Early years are in what Bible calls “ the bloom of youth” a time when their sexual organs develop and they become capable of having children.

Pregnancy begins at the moment a single spectrum fertilized a matured ovum (egg). In a normal ejaculation during sexual intercourse, about 200, 400 million sperm are deposited into the upper vagina, of this number; a few thousand remain within the virginal and die within 3 days. Only a few manage to make their way into the body of the uterus and move upward to the fallopian tubes where fertilization occurs. Only one sperm penetrates the membrane of the ovum to unit with the egg. When this occurs, a zygote is formed. The fertilized egg then makes its way down to the fallopian tube to the uterus for implantation. The journey to the uterus may result ton pregnancy.

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THE EFFECT OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: A CASE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OREDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

 ABSTRACT

This research work has been designed to investigate the problems affecting classroom management and control and identify the solution facing the problem. This is to enable the researcher suggest measure that would solve the problem affecting classroom management and control. Chapter one, deals with the background purpose and significance of the study, in chapter two, the researcher carries out the literature review by reading book and browsing work relating to the problem of various writers and researcher and their opinion appears to level support to my findings, chapter three deals with the various techniques adopting in getting fact of the study.

The use of questionnaire and interviewing methods were adopted to get the information required. The population of the study is made up of one hundred and twenty students and twenty teachers. Data collected from questionnaire were converted into figures and percentages which were arranged in tabular form. These were then discussed in chapter four and some recommendations were made by the researcher.

THE EFFECT OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: A CASE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OREDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

THE EFFECT OF ACADEMIC BACKGROUND OF PARENTS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS ON EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of academic background of parents on academic performance of pupils. In other to get a sound conclusion some research questions were formulated as follows; Does the provision of educational needs affects pupils performance? Does audio-visual aid influence the performance of pupil? Does the appreciation of teachers enhance the performance of pupil? About one hundred questionnaires were designed and administered to pupil in primary school Egor Local Government Area and the researcher collected their responses immediately. The method use is sampling random procedure. Solutions were given to authorities concern among are parents. There parents appropriate measure in providing their children educational needs, ministry of education should give awareness on how parent can be of help to their children education. Those parents that ate not educated should be given opportunity to attend adult school in other to influence their children academic at home.

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THE EFFECT OF ADVERTISEMENT ON THE DEMAND OF CONSUMERS GOODS: A CASE STUDY OF SEVEN UP BOTTLING COMPANY

ABSTRACT

This research work was designed to assess the effects of advertisement on the demand for consumer goods. Chapter one of this work was devoted to the introduction of this work. It gives a short background of advertisement, the statement of the problems, and significance of the study and limitation of the study. Chapter two and three has to ode with the literature review and the methodology employed for the study. Chapter four deals with analysis, summaries of data collected while chapter five reveals the findings of  the research and make appropriate recommendation. The data were collected by means of questionnaire titled. The Effect of Advertisement on the demand for consumer Goods. A case study seven-up bottling company. The study consisted of 45 respondents who were randomly selected. The analysis of the data collected reveals that people like advertised goods because it informs them about the quality and existence of such goods in the market. The study also reveals that how a product is accepted or demanded for depends quickly and completely on advertisement.

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TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS OF THE EFFECTS OF GOVERNMENT TAKE OVER OF SCHOOLS FROM VOLUNTARY AGENCIES IN ETSAKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

 ABSTRACT

The research work was aimed at examining teachers perceptions of government take over of schools from voluntary agencies in Etsako  Edo State. Seven worker hypotheses were formulated and tested. Sixty questionnaires were distributed to a sample of selected teachers who completed the questionnaires which the researcher there on analyzed by means of percentages. From the analysis, it was discovered that while government take over was initially applauded in that is gave equal opportunity and accessibility to formal education to all, and resulted in the formulation of a uniform curriculum, the question of teacher welfare employment and conditions of service still remained largely unresolved, contrastively, moral laxity, depreciation of standard and quality and the dilapidation of structures and equipment were the consequences of government control of schools. The study therefore shows the need for the government to return schools to voluntary agencies grant aids to the school and ensure that government policies and guidelines are complied with in the schools through regular inspection to curb excesses in the areas of admission, teacher’s employment and welfare, and the course contents of the schools curricular.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter One 

Introduction/ background of study

Statement of problems

Purpose of the study

Scope of delimitation of study

Significance of the study

Research questions

Research hypothesis

Definition of terms

Chapter Two 

Literature review

The need for education

A brief survey of missionary

Activities and their impact on education before the takeover

A review of peoples perceptions of the effect of the take over

Chapter Three 

Method of study

Design of study

Research population

The sample

Research instrument

Method of data collection

Method of data analysis

Chapter Four 

Data analysis: interpretation and findings

Introduction

Findings

Chapter Five

Summary, conclusions and recommendations

Summary

Conclusion

Recommendation

Bibliography 

Appendix 

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THE EFFECT OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING CENTERS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL A CASE OF EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

 This study is aimed at identifying the possible needs for the establishment of counseling centers in Primary Schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.

The instrument used for collection of data’s or information in this research is mainly the questionnaire.  The questionnaire was administered to one hundred and twenty respondents selected randomly in Egor Local Government Area.

To test the validity of the stated hypothesis from their responses it was discovered that many at their respondents are of the opinion that there should be counseling centers in primary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.

Some findings were also made in this research which will be benefit to the establishment of counseling centers.  This includes the fact that counseling centers will be of great benefit of pupil, teachers, parents government and society in general.

In conclusion the presence of counseling centers in primary school will help to solve some of the problems facing the teacher’s pupils relationship, discipline moral and the standard of education in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

It would be of great help to   discuss guidance and counseling and how in how it came into Nigeria. Before taking our mind into the need for the need of counseling center in primary school in Edo state, i will first look into the terms guidance and counseling and could be used separately and may be exchange, although they are not necessary syndromes guidance is an umbrella terms for both guidance and Counselling while Counselling is an essential part of guidance.

Some authors have claimed that attempt to differentiate between guidance and Counselling have not met with any notice degree of meaning they went further to say that differences between them are artificial and that the term could be interchangeable

According to Downing (1992) guidance is the assistance given to enable a person gain clarification of the essence of this like.  The essense is a meaningful selfhood freedom individual, dignity equality of opportunities responsible citizenship and worthy activity in work and leisure.

According to Shertzer and Stone  (1996) sees guidance as a process of helping the individual to understand himself and also come to know that people he interacts with more deeply.  It is also the process of helping individual to discover his vocational social and psychological potentials and likewise development.

Mertin et al (1995) defined counseling as a process which take place in pone-relationship between as individual faced with problem which he cannot cope with alone, and a professional worker whose training and experience qualify him to assist other to arrive at solution interaction that occurs between two individual that is a counselor and a client or counselee.

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THE EFFECT OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING CENTERS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL A CASE OF EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

 This study is aimed at identifying the possible needs for the establishment of counseling centers in Primary Schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.

The instrument used for collection of data’s or information in this research is mainly the questionnaire.  The questionnaire was administered to one hundred and twenty respondents selected randomly in Egor Local Government Area.

To test the validity of the stated hypothesis from their responses it was discovered that many at their respondents are of the opinion that there should be counseling centers in primary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.

Some findings were also made in this research which will be benefit to the establishment of counseling centers.  This includes the fact that counseling centers will be of great benefit of pupil, teachers, parents government and society in general.

In conclusion the presence of counseling centers in primary school will help to solve some of the problems facing the teacher’s pupils relationship, discipline moral and the standard of education in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

It would be of great help to   discuss guidance and counseling and how in how it came into Nigeria. Before taking our mind into the need for the need of counseling center in primary school in Edo state, i will first look into the terms guidance and counseling and could be used separately and may be exchange, although they are not necessary syndromes guidance is an umbrella terms for both guidance and Counselling while Counselling is an essential part of guidance.

Some authors have claimed that attempt to differentiate between guidance and Counselling have not met with any notice degree of meaning they went further to say that differences between them are artificial and that the term could be interchangeable

According to Downing (1992) guidance is the assistance given to enable a person gain clarification of the essence of this like.  The essense is a meaningful selfhood freedom individual, dignity equality of opportunities responsible citizenship and worthy activity in work and leisure.

According to Shertzer and Stone  (1996) sees guidance as a process of helping the individual to understand himself and also come to know that people he interacts with more deeply.  It is also the process of helping individual to discover his vocational social and psychological potentials and likewise development.

Mertin et al (1995) defined counseling as a process which take place in pone-relationship between as individual faced with problem which he cannot cope with alone, and a professional worker whose training and experience qualify him to assist other to arrive at solution interaction that occurs between two individual that is a counselor and a client or counselee.

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THE EFFECT OF HOME VIDEO ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: A CASE STUDY OF EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

 This home video programme acts as a means of transmitting information and materials from a diversity of national and international sources. The student’s personality can either be shaped positively or negatively by the home “video” programmes. Many of today’s most popular home video features nudity graphic sex and sickening violence. Hit song often contains pornographic lyrics rock concerts are commonly scenes of drug abuse and bedlam.           Children who has become sued to watching home “video” especially drama are either clothed with fear from whether they must have perceived or they end up practicing some acts which they must have watched. As a result of these problems, the researcher has decided to look into this area by analyzing these problems, its causes and effects and also proffers solution.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

–                      Introduction

–                      Statement of problem

–                      Purpose of the study

–                      Research questions

–                      Significance of study

–                      Scope of study

–                      Limitation of study

CHAPTER TWO

Literature review

–                      Concept of television

–                      Concept of home “video”

–                      Effect of home “video”

–                      Family as a factor affecting students exposure to home “video” programmes

–                      Effect of students exposure to home “video” programmes and social implication

CHAPTER THREE

Methodology

–                      Data collection

–                      Population of study

–                      Sampling procedure

–                      Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR 

Presentations and analysis of data

CHAPTER FIVE 

–                      Summary

–                      Conclusion

–                      Recommendation

–                      Suggestion for further research

REFERENCES

QUESTIONNAIRE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1         BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Effect of home ‘video” on students academic performance entails a detail look at home video programmes which are not good for students at home, students get attracted to these programmes which make some impact in some of them which they exhibit at that tender age or later on in life. Although the mass media acts as a means of transmitting information and materials from a diversity on natural and international source, especially those aimed at promoting child’s social, spiritual and moral well being and physical and mental health. The child’s personality can either be shaped positively or negatively by the mass media.

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THE EFFECT OF CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SCHOOL: A CASE STUDY OF OKITIPUPA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ONDO STATE

ABSTRACT

 This study was designed to determine the effect of continuous assessment. The instruments used were objectives test question. Two group of students were used, the control group and the experimental group. The experimental groups were tested three times, while the control group was tested once. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage method. Having analyzed the data the findings were as follows:

1).        Students who were continuous assessed performed better than those who are not

2).        Continuous assessment generally leads to high improvement in student’s academic performance. Based on these findings, it was recommended that qualified teachers should be sent to schools. Also proper and effective records should be kept in schools on each student’s performance. It was also recommended that a uniform mode of assessment should be adopted. It was equally suggested that, further study on the effect of continuous assessment under effect of continuous assessment under the present system in school should be carried out in the local government area.

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EFFECT OF CONDOM IN PREVENTING SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG THE YOUTHS OF BENIN CITY, EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

 This study was conducted at the College of Education, Ekiadolor – Benin, Edo State of youths towards condom use.  A total of 200 youth drawn from this community and some youth who were also involved in this great institution of this study.

The questionnaire designed by the writer was used to elicit information.  The implication drawn from this finding is that the likelihood of using condoms in sexually activities will also be attended with such ambivalence and complacency, thus creating a fertile ground for the spread of HIV/AIDS.

In view of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, it is suggested that there should be mass media with particular emphasis on utilization of acquired skills.  There is also the need for a renewed sense of commitment towards dissemination of sex related information by parents to their children wards to ensure an improved attitudinal disposition towards condom use.

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THE EFFECT OF HOME BACKGROUND ON PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT IN COMPUTER SCIENCE IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION STAFF SCHOOL BENIN CITY

ABSTRACT
The subject matter of this research is the effect of home background on performance of student in Computer Science in College of Education Staff School, Benin City. The main objective of the research work is to enable us know the effect of home background on performance of students in Computer Science in College of Education Staff School, Benin City. The research methodology, primary data was used. The data were presented and analyzed, information was gathered from questionnaires. It was discovered in the course of study that home background affects the performance of students. This is due to low educational qualification, socio-economic states and large families. It was recommended that the government should give aids to the lower class families by giving them grants such as bursary and scholarship awards.

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EFFECT OF COUNSELLING AND CHOICE PATTERN OF VOCATIONAL SUBJECTS BY SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN UHUNMWODE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

The aim of the research was to examine the effect of counselling and choice patter of vocational subject by senior secondary school students. Questionnaires was used to elicit information from the students of SS I in public and private schools of Uhunmwode local government area, Edo State. A total of 100 questionnaires (25 each from four schools) were used. The analysis of the investigation was carried so as to show may be the research questions should be accepted or not. The following are the major findings:

  1. Factors such as parental education talent, counselling and prestige attached to job influence the choice pattern of vocational subjects.
  2. Counselling in school involves early stage of advice at the time when decisions have to be made regarding the choice of specification subjects.
  3. Counselling impact positively on students giving accurate information about what occupation are available.
  4. Students perform well when they choose vocational subjects, from the findings of the study, it is obvious that counselling has great impact on the choice patter of vocational subject. Factors such as parental education, prestige attached to a job, talent also affect choice pattern of vocational subject.

Based on the outcomes of the findings, the following recommendations were made:

  1. Educational counselling should be introduced to all schools for students to get accurate information about occupation.
  2. Guidance services should start from the tentative period (age 12-18) before realistic stage (age 19-25).
  3. Every school should have a well trained counsellor.

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THE EFFECT OF CULTISM IN NIGERIA HIGHER INSTITUTIONS: A CASE STUDY OF COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, EKIADOLOR-BENIN

ABSTRACT

Cultism is small groups of people who have extreme religious believes and are not part of an established religion, which original object as turned into destructions? Cultism has destroyed so many lives, wasted so many families aborted so many future, makes our school or institutions of learning uncomfortable. Therefore it has to be eradicated totally from our society, without knowing the cause of a problem, there is no way such problem can be solved. This study therefore focuses on the factors influencing the growth of cultism in higher institution. Using questionnaires administration, 40% of randomly selected higher Institution College of Education, Ekiadolor was sampled. The finding revealed that parents, peer groups and power for protection, wealth are factors responsible fro the growth of cultism in our country. Recommendations were made on how to totally eradicate cultism from various higher institutions and our society at large.

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