This study was intended to study the impact of per capita income on health care cost. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between per capita income and health care cost of patients. Secondary data sources were used and data was analyzed using the regression statistical tool at 5% level of significance which was presented in frequency tables and percentage. The study majorly focuses on the statistical relationship between per capita income and health care cost in Nigeria. The study findings revealed that there is a relationship between per capita income and health care cost in Nigeria; based on the findings from the study, efforts should be made by the Nigerian government and stakeholders in ensuring an affordable health care cost for all irrespective of class and social standing.
Background of the study
Per capita income in Nigeria as we all know has a lot to do with the day to day live of Nigerians as it determines the quality of services rendered with the health care sector having a lot to do with per capita income of Nigeria.It is important for policymakers to know the relationship between health care expenditure and income, knowing this relationship helps them to make wise judgments, plan health reforms, and allocate resources efficiently. In Nigeria, health care cost is a direct consequence of per capita income as the amount of money earned determines the quality of health care rendered. Okoro (2011: 46). Per capita income is simply means the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man, woman, and child in a geographic area. It is derived by dividing the total income of all people 15 years old and over in a geographic area by the total population in that area (Wikipedia). Per capita income for a geographical area or country like Nigeria has a lot to do with economic development amongst health care cost. Health is a delicate sector in Nigeria; a healthy nation is a nation that achieves great economic development and progress.