TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page i
Table of content vi
- History of maize
- Maize production, cultivation and planting
- Economic importance
- Aims and objective of the study
- Terminologies in experimental design
- Source of data description
- How do we select an experiment design?
- What is experiment design (doe)
2.0 Literature review
- Weed flora
- Material and methods
- Experimental site (location)
- Soil characters of the experimental site
- Weed control method in maize
- Manual method of weed control
- Chemical method of weed control
- Biological method
- Stem barters
- Disease of maize
- Corn smut
- Maize rust
- Leaf spot
- Maize streak
- Material and methods
3.0 Methodology and data presentation
3.1 The study
3.2 Anova table for completely randomized design (crd)
3.4 Data presentation on effect of maize yield for year 2008 (show in the table below)
4.0 Analysis of data
4.4.1 Analysis with treatment structure (year 2008)
4.2 Analysis with treatment structure (year 2009)
4.3 Analysis with treatment structure (year 2010)
5.0 Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation
5.1 Discussion of result
5.2 Recommendation and conclusion
This project work is based on the analysis of an experiment where this effect of weed control method tested on the gain yield of maize. The experiment was carried out by the Kwara State agricultural development project (KWADP) Ilorin, during three consecutive years starting form 2008 to 2010.
- HISTORY OF MAIZE
Maize belong to a family of grass called cereals with botanical name ZEAMAYS.
Maize is an animal plant of about 4.6 highlights inflorescence terminates the axis and product both male and female flowers. It originated in a wild state in the lowlands of tropical Southern American continent, probably in Mexico. Maize was grown from grain with success at Woburn between 1949 and 1956 (Man 1977).
Maize proceeded North ward and played a prominent port in the civilization of the ay as an azlects, it has new spread all over the world following the early close movement by explores and traders it has distributed along the West African early in the sixteenth century by Portuguese. It has become a dominant food crop in many sub humid area of African of which Nigeria is one.
Maize is the largest of the cereal, all over the annual grass attaining a height, with a jointed stem which is solid and contains a considerable amount of sugar when young. The leaves are large and narrow with way margins.
The temperature of both the soil and are important, especially during the growing season form May to September the main (average) summer temperature of 75of is the best more favorable.
CLASSIFICATION OF MAIZE
The classification of maize is based on the anatomy of the leaf, physiological nature of he plant green colour and sizes. Also maize could be divided according to the structure of the grain, which depends upon the genetic characters.
We may have biotical classification as follows: kingdom of plant, division of angiosperm, family of GERMINE, class of MAYDEA genes of ZEAMAYS and species of LINN.
Some variety of maize has high power of combating disease while some may not. Other may be granted based on the amount of protein, vitamin and carbohydrates contents e.g. popcorn, hint maize, dent maize, sweet maize and flour or set maize.