A STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON SECONDARY STUDENTS SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR IN RURAL AND URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

The term information technology is complex and difficult to define. However, information technology is as old as man, for instance, it affect and is affected by every aspect of human activities including counselling.

In counselling for example information technology means the application of computers and technologies in counselling process.

What then is a computer? According to Sawyer and Williams (2003:3) a computer is a programmable, multi-use machine that accepts data, i.e. raw facts and figures and process or manipulates them into information we can use, such as summaries, tools or reports. It therefore means that the result of the combination of computers and communications technology result to information technology (info-tech). Example of information technology includes personal computers, as well as new forms of telephones, television and various kinds of handheld devices for sending and receiving of information.

In business terms, information technology refers to the management and use of information using computer based tools. It includes acquiring, processing, storing and distribution of information. It is a term used in referring to business application of computer technology rather than scientific application.

The term is broadly in business for they cannot exists/operate without some kind of information technology. However, this study will be based on how information technology affects students’ sexual behaviour. Preventing HIV/AIDS risks and other killer diseases among young people has been identified as a public health priority in Nigeria. Hostels of secondary institutions has been labelled as “glorified brothels” as some students aided and abetted by the hall partners, the apparent freedom from parental control troll and undue pressure from peers engage in high sexual behaviour. This high risk of sexual behaviour is fuelled and unequal power in sexual relation and its alarming implication from both men and women’s ability to prevent the sexually transmission of HIV as unequal parties are unable to negotiate when and how they can protect themselves from STDs and HIV which has a negative effect on the individual affected.
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A STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON SECONDARY STUDENTS SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR IN RURAL AND URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE