THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF AGRICULTURE TO RURAL DEVELOPMENT: . A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
For the purpose of this research work, an opinion survey was made using oral interview and author – constructed questionnaire to examine “the contributions of agriculture to rural development” using Udi Local Government Area of Enugu as a case study.
The researchers relied on data collected from seventy-five (75) respondents who were agricultural concerned persons.
To guide the research, the above opinions were gathered and analysed/interpreted, analysis of data revealed agriculture is the main stay of the rural dwellers, that proper awareness has not been created about agriculture by those concerned and that these rural dwellers are aware of the contributions of agriculture to rural development.
However further analysis of data received courtesy opinions of respondents revealed that the government has not done so much as it supposed for agricultural development in rural areas, more to this that most of the factors hindering the effective advancement of agriculture are not natural but man-made, hence could be solved.
However, it is suggested that further and more indepth research on this study should be done as to as to ascertain factors impending or militating against the contributions of agriculture to rural development, also on ways these contributions could be fully utilized to effectively develop rural areas.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:
Agriculture according to Anyanwu, A. C. (1975) can be defined as “a cultivation of the land for the purpose of producing food for man and animals and also fibre or raw materials for our industries”. It also includes the processing and marketing of crops.
Another definition from V. O. Akinyosoye O. (1976) states that agriculture is concerned basically with the husbandry of crops and animals for food and other purpose.
Agriculture has been the main stay of man right from the earliest times. It is the oldest occupation and the entire world depends mostly on it for food requirements. In the olden days, man practiced crude method of farming which involved local tool such as stones, sticks and other related equipment.
Today, agriculture is being looked upon as a basic necessity of life. Food is an essential thing among the human needs. It is believed that without food, nobody can survive. This is as a result of the benefits of agriculture.