Real properly development is the application of capital managerial skill and entrepreneurial activities to the economy of land resources development whose form is subordinate to the constraint imposed on it by nature.
The research carried out during project work revealed some of the problems facing the financial institutions in real property development which are problems arising from the mortgagor side which include non-repayment of borrowed loan by the mortgagor. Secondly the problem arising from the mortgage sides are financial problem and government policy. The major role of financial institution is to examined based on the provision of home construction loan to individual and estate developers. Recommendations were given in order to alleviate some of the mentioned problems which include the enlighten of the public of function of financial institutions
1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
As it generally known that shelter is as important as food and it is one of the basic necessities of life for human being. As this result, the main motive of man is therefore to own a house on earth where he and his family will be secured and protected against any external forces.
To secure a house, it requires lump amount of capital which is not easily available to the investors no property and as a result, made the dream to be realized by just few people, they therefore rely on external source of finance to carry out such project since the personal savings and income are not enough to execute the development. Hence, the purpose of this study is to asses the roles and problem financial institution in the provision of capital needed by the investors in real property development.
Real property development is the application of capital managerial skills, and entrepreneurial activities to the economy of land resources development whose form is subordinate to the constraint imposed on it by nature. Illinois (2001) define it.
In Nigeria today, the demand and supply of real property in case of land and building are inelastic relative to price changes. Some of the factors resulted to these are:-
- General growth and development of the community
- Change in taste, fashion and general standard of living.
The institutional frame work for housing is very rudimentarily developed to carter for the dare need oof individual and groups. In the past, few decades, the federal government has direct it effort toward encouraging every Nigerian to own a decent and affordable house. Also, in alleviating this problem, government has come out with an enactment and launching some decrees on construction policy etc. All these need stern implementation in real property market. The financial institution is the last resort to remove the friction by provoking mortgage finance. This is used to finance real property that can be offered as a security for the loan. Such as owner occupied houses, commercial properties, industrial outlet, agricultural building and undeveloped land.
It is therefore, important to emphazise that this study is concerned with critical analysis of the activities of federal mortgage. Bank of Nigeria with a view to examine the activities of the bank as well as their problems. Identifying their problems with regard to granting of mortgage loan and making recommendation.