Among the Igbo’s of Nigeria marriage is a sacred institution A man or woman is to be regarded to have finally landed when he or she marries.
Marriage institution is held with a high respect and infant, it dominates most of the Igbo art and custom, hence it is regarded as the foundation of the whole social structure. Nnewi in Anambra state is a town that best illustrated this believes of Igbos. In Nnewi, there are six main stages in the sanctification of traditional marriage. The first stage is “Iju Ase”ie making Engines. It is followed by “Inyo Uno” and then “Ika Igba nkwu”. Then the most important event which is “Igba Nkwu proper. This involves a lot of celebration and marry making. Igba- Nkwu” is followed by “Ika Idu- Uno” and then “Idu- Uno”proper. “Idu-uno is another important event in the stage of traditional marriage celebration.
The final stage is “Onodu Apuilo, This is a remarkable period of confinement of the bride in a fathering room called “Ulo Mgbde”. She is giving all sorts of delicacies so that she will be fatten up. The body then richly treated regularly with local cosmetics, Uhie”. These designs are meant to beautify then newly married woman. As already stated Igbo- Nkwo” is the most important ceremony in the traditional marriage celebration and it is usually travel from different parts of the country in other to grace the occasion and rejoice with the marring couple. Care of children, the main tarriance of the household and the cultural imposed needs of the family.
An topologists commonly distinguish three form of marriage: polygamy, the marriage of one man to two or more woman, monogamy, the marriage of one man to one woman and polygamy, the marriage o one woman to two or more men. Most cultures provide means for the dissolution of marriage. It is ordinary expected that those who may intend the union to be Life long and not just a ternary affair to be broken off at the whim of one or the other partner. Among the Igbo’s of Nigeria marriage is a sacred institution. A man or a woman is to be regarded as to have finally landed when he or She marries. In the Igbo traditional society, a man’s wealth is in the number of wives he has. Nnewi in Anambra state is a town that best illustrates this believes of the Igbo’s.
(i) ORIGIN OF NNEWI
According to oral tradition the Nnewi people migrated from Nri and settled in the present area they now occupy.
This lead to the establishment of four villages in Nnewi, namely Otolo, Uruagu, Umudim and Ichi.
Nnewi is located in both Nnewi south and North local government area of Anambra State. Nnewi is bounded by Ihiala, Oba, Nnobi and Amaichi. It is located in the Guinea Savana area, hence the heavy rainfalls and thick forest.
This means the people’s belief system. Traditionally most Nnewi people are subsistent farmers and livestock rearers. They farm solely to cater for their immediate and extended families.
1.2 LITERATURE REVIEW:
There is no direct reference to traditional marriages in Nnewi from available literature. Since direct evidence for studies on traditional marriages in Nnewi is not available only indirect evidence will be used.
Gladstone (1993), discussed the functions, types and the social rules of marriages in Onitsha as well s the processes involved. The same is also true of Ikechukwu (1990) who analyzed the family in the Igbo system. Emenike (1982) discusses the Igba Nkwu in the marriage tradition of the Igbos. These Igbo speaking areas share basically the same traditional system as the ‘Nnewi people. Others have treated generally, the marriage celebration in their locality.
Alan Beals (1985) discusses aspects of African view on marriage pointing out the function, types and social views. He views marriages as a contract between kin groups. Yonina Talmon (1985) discusses mate selection in collective settlement. He pointed out factors influencing mate selection and values. Ottanberg (1978) exams cultures and societies of Africa pointing out the social values of marriage.
Basden (1921) discusses aspects of Igbo marriages. Ifeoma focusses on the family as a social institution in the Igbo traditional society, including a discussion on the functions of the family, types and formation of the family. Cole and Aniakor (1934) did a broad survey of arts of the individual to that of the family, to the family and the cosmos.
From the above, one can come to the conclusion that functions, types and victuals involved kin the marriages in Nnewi is still untapped in terms of available literature and from these, research problems can be stated.