The word language “seems to have been derived from the Latin words, “Lingua,” which implies “tongue “. The French term,” language” also refers to a specific from of speech .Hence, in the whole process of language teaching, spoken language occupies an important place. Ballard says,” talking comes before writing, oral composition before written composition.
(Dash, 2004, p.165-166)
Speaking is the productive skill in the oral mode. It, like the other skills, is more complicated than it seems at first and involves more than just pronouncing words
Josh Billings says
“Silence is one of the hardest arguments to refute”.
There are three kinds of speaking situations in which we find ourselves:
- Partially interactive, and
Interactive speaking situations include face-to-face conversations and telephone calls, in which we are alternately listening and speaking, and in which we have a chance to ask for clarification, repetition, or slower speech from our conversation partner. Some speaking situations are partially interactive, such as when giving a speech to a live audience, where the convention is that the audience does not interrupt the speech. The speaker nevertheless can see the audience and judge from the expressions on their faces and body language whether or not he or she is being understood.
Some few speaking situations may be totally non-interactive, such as when recording a speech for a radio broadcast.
Here are some of the micro-skills involved in speaking. The speaker has to:-
- Pronounce the distinctive sounds of a language clearly enough so that people can distinguish them. This includes making tonal distinctions.
- Use stress and rhythmic patterns, and intonation patterns of the language clearly enough so that people can understand what is said.
- Use the correct forms of words. This may mean, for example, changes in the tense, case, or gender.
- Put words together in correct word order.
- Use vocabulary appropriately.
- Use the register or language variety that is appropriate to the situation and the relationship to the conversation partner. Make clear to the listener the main sentence constituents, such as subject, verb, object, by whatever means the language uses.
- Make the main ideas stand out from supporting ideas
- Make the discourse hang together so that people can follow what you are saying.
1.2 Statement of the problem
This research would” analyze the problems in speaking English as a second language faced by the students of grade-7 in D.G.Khan City”.
1.3 Objective of the study
The objectives of my studies are:
- To review the concept and importance of speaking skill.
- To identify the learning difficulties to speak English at 7th class.
- To analyze the factors that are effective in speaking skill.
- To explore the new ways of speaking skill.
- To recommend how they improve speaking skill in English at 7th grade.
1.4 Significance of the study
With the help of this study we may come to know the speaking problems of students at grade-7. So this study would be significant.
- i. This research will help to identify the problem of speaking at 7th grade.
- ii. This research will help to provide method of improving speaking skill.
- This study is helpful to solve the speaking problem.
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ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEMS IN SPEAKING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE BY THE STUDENTS