- Background of the study
The role that education is expected to play in a society is multi-faceted. It is expected to build the character of the learner, to get him informed about what is worthwhile, socially acceptable, desirable and purposeful about himself, his environment and society. It is also expected to make the individual worth living and worth living with (Tella, 1990). Education is not only a social service, but an instrument of political socialization that informs the learner as to his privileges and basic human rights (Taiwo, 1980).
The principals of secondary schools are the custodians of secondary education. They ensure the implementation of all the programmes developed through the National Policy on Education. The roles of the principals of secondary schools are therefore, not different from the roles of heads of other educational institutions. The role performance of the principals of secondary schools should include interpreting policy, executing curriculum programme, seeing to students and staff welfare, Also maintenance of equipments, physical facilities and training of staff, maintaining effective school community relations, interpersonal relationship, record management, communication, decision-making process and several others are required of the principals that will effectively lead to influence commitment and effectiveness. The principal being the Chief Executive of the school should ensure that the policies and objectives, regarding the programme of the school are implemented and strictly adhered to. He/she also has the responsibility of promoting effective teaching and learning in the school. He must ensure that his employer appoints qualified and competent teachers to the school. It is part of the principal’s duty to orientate new staff members to school life. The information provided would help the new staff to adjust to the new environment, and make the work easier to accomplish. Another role performance of the secondary school Principal is the maintenance of discipline for both staff and students. It was in view of this that Musaazi (1982) in Magama (2006) stated that discipline is orderliness, which is essential for good teaching and learning in school. A disciplined person is orderly, responsible, delightful, sympathetic, cooperative, honest, considerate and always tries to do what is right and good at all time. The principals also perform the duty of controlling finances of their institutions. In support of the above assumption, Alabi (1991) in Magama (2006), stated that the success of any educational system depends partly on the total funds allocated to it at that level; and the supervisory role of the principal is to ensure the utilization of the funds effectively. The principal is the key person in the administration of the school where he/she performs specific tasks. All his/her activities and those of the staff are geared towards the training of the learner. The principal supervises and guides the students. He must see to it that the students are punctual, properly dressed in their correct uniforms, honest and dedicated to their studies. Principal partakes in the discipline of the students where necessary. It is believed that the functions of the principal are synonymous with the administrative functions as posit by management theorists. How effective the incumbents of certain positions perform depends on how they are capable of handling the numerous administrative challenges before them.
Secondary school principals must have strong interpersonal and leadership skills. Good interpersonal relationship is one of the keys to the success of any organization. School principals must find it challenging to promote interpersonal relationship within and outside the organization. They must be seen to encourage sharing of ideas between individuals and organizations. It is the psychological aspect of administration in any organization. Probably that was why Follett (1964) in Peretomode (2006) stated that it is not just the production and distribution of manufactured articles but to give opportunity for individual development and self-actualization through better organization of human relationships. Communication serves as a lubricator fostering the smooth operation of the management process. In support of the above assertion, it is stated in Bagobiri and Kassah (2006), communication helps managerial planning to be performed effectively.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Secondary education in Nigeria where youths are to be prepared for useful living and higher education has not been able to realize its objectives. It appears that the administrators charged with the task of utilizing the available scarce resources to attain the secondary school objectives are not competent. Hence, there is need to investigate the necessary administrative skills needed by secondary school principals for effective school management.
- OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the managerial skill of the principal
- To examine the principals’ administrative roles for teachers’ job effectiveness in secondary schools.
- To assess role performance of principals on interpersonal relationship in secondary schools
- To examine role performance of principals on decision-making process in secondary schools
- RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
H0: there is no role performance of principals on interpersonal relationship in secondary schools.
H1: there is role performance of principals on interpersonal relationship in secondary schools.
H0: there is no role performance of principals on decision-making process in secondary schools
H1: there is role performance of principals on decision-making process in secondary schools
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Improper role performance of principals, especially in record management, school-community relationship, communication, decision-making process, maintenance of school facilities and internal supervision, are constraints to achievement of objectives in secondary education. The study will benefit the principals by making them to know how they can perform their roles better. The study will also be of great benefit to the principals because it will enable them know the appropriate method to use towards the achievement of desired goals of the system. By this therefore, it is expected that principals, proprietors and proprietresses will have a clearer picture of the area that needs more attention for use in development plans. The study will also serve as a reference to other researcher that will embark on this topic
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers assessment of administrative skills of principal of secondary school. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
PRINCIPAL: Principals, head masters, and others who are responsible for the overall operation of a school are often called school leaders
MANAGERIAL SKILL: Simply, managerial skills are the knowledge and ability of the individuals in a managerial position to fulfill some specific management activities or tasks. This knowledge and ability can be learned and practiced. However, they also can be acquired through practical implementation of required activities and tasks.