1.1. Background to the Study
The need for improved service delivery in the secondary school system has necessitated the need to improve on the educational resources which is expected to positively impact on the FCT secondary schools; this can only be achieved by effective management of the school resources. Adedeji, Olaniyan and Owoeye (2001) opined that the quality of management of school human and material resources have a very strong relationship to the students‘ academic performances; therefore human resources in education should be seen as assets in an educational institution.
Management exists in an organisation to make resources productive in order that the organisation can achieve its goal. Onwuchukwa 1998 in Ezeani 2012 said, management is the organisation and mobilization of all human and material resources in a particular system for the achievement of identified objectives. It determines the organization‘s outcome either positive or negative, therefore in secondary schools the school heads are responsible for the management of the schools despite the fact that government are responsible for the management of secondary schools in terms of provision of funds, school regulations, discipline, innovation, provision of houses for staff, school plant management, promotion of school health etc.
Educational management involves the application of management principles in designing, developing, and effecting resources towards the achievements of educational goals. Okwori and Edem (2012) were of the opinion that school administrator is one saddled with the responsibility of administering and managing school by making things happen and by organising human, financial, and material resources in order to achieve the objectives of the institution within the targeted period. The post of a school administrator is the most
challenging assignment that faces the school managers, due to this highly complex and demanding task, the administrator is required to possess professional skills and competent management techniques in order to achieve the educational goals of the school. Adetoro (2009) says resources management in an organisation is the effective and efficient deployment of an organisation‘s resources when needed, effectiveness here is judged by the extent to which the secondary school administrator acquire necessary instructional materials including teachers, and how they provide a congenial organizational climate and generally meeting the expectations of the society within which they are established.
ASSESSMENT OF RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY (FCT) ABUJA, NIGERIA