AUDITORS’ LIABILITIES TO ORGANIZATIONS AND SOCIETIES IN GENERAL A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU AND ANAMBRA STATE RESPECTIVELY
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The origin of auditing is as a result of the separation of ownership from control. It is instituted to protect the interest of the owners by ensuring that financial statements are justifiable. Because of the separation of ownership from control, it becomes necessary of those managers entrusted with the owners of financial and economic resources to present their financial reports to their employer. The reports presented might contain errors, omission, and frauds or even refuse to disclose relevant information. For these reasons, the owners may hold some reservations about the credibility of the managers’ reports.
For the owners to be satisfied and even for the managers to be justified to establish and maintain their integrity, it becomes necessary to invite an independent party, one who is not involved with either party to examine the reports for the purpose of expressing an opinion as to the truth and fairness of the reports. The independent party’s duty is not just mere examination of the accounts from which the financial statements were prepared, rather, it include collection of all relevant information thought necessary to satisfy section 360
(3) of companies and Allied Matters Decree (CAMD) 1990. It is obvious that the owners may not be skillful enough or have time to go through this reports in order to assure themselves that the report presented contain no errors or omissions. This independent party is known as AUDITORS or professional accountants. They go extra miles in order to ensure that the financial statement contains no errors, omissions or frauds or where it exists, they detect it. These become their statutory duties or liabilities to organization that invited them.
In the past, investors rely solely on the advice given to them by their financial consultants rather than analyzing the financial statements by themselves. Today there has been a great change on that direction. Many stakeholders including the Government focuses on the financial statements as one of their most reliable source or instrument of assessing the viability or otherwise of companies. Below are some of the interested parties: 1.Owners or share holders of companies
- Creditors and debenture holders.
- Employees of organizations
- Government agencies
- Accountants and
- The general public