THE IMPACT OF BANK LOANS ON SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF CUSTOMERS IN UBA PLC AWKA BRANCH). A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP
This project work was carried out primarily to assess the role of commercial banks in financing small scale industries with particular reference to UBA Plc Awka Branch. In this exercise two vital categories of functional areas were investigated. The two groups under investigation were the staff and customers of UBA. They were considered to stand better chances of evaluating the Impact of Commercial Banks Loans in Financing Small Scale Industries. The instrument of data collection was questionnaire approach. The questionnaire items were distributed to the staff and customers whose opinions formed the basis of the analysis. The data and material collected were presented in tabular form and complemented by chi-square method. Based on the analysis from the information gathered, it was revealed that small scale industries have positive impact on the economy of the Nation because it provided employment opportunities to the youths. Based on the outcome of the projects on the basis of analysis, recommendations were offered on the best way the commercial banks could finance the small scale industries for the welfare of the people.
1.1 Background of the Study
In Nigeria, as in many other developing countries there is dearth of financial institutions which cater for long and medium term credit needs of business operations. In exception to this, they suffer a great deal for want of capital for development and expansion.
By definition, commercial bank is an institution where money and other valuable items are kept for security purposes and at the same time transact business such as giving of loans and advances.
Among the most important commercial banks in Nigeria are: The First Bank Plc formerly known as the bank of West Africa which has the largest assets and located its head office in Nigeria at 37 Marina, Lagos. The Union Bank formerly known as Barclays Bank which was established in the year 1917 in Lagos as the first branch and is the first bank to hit one billion naira customers’ deposit. The commercial banks trend made through British and French Banks now called the United Bank for Africa Limited which was established in 1949 making it the third expatriate bank of dominate the early Nigerian Commercial Banking.