THE EFFECT OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AMONG CHILDREN IN BENIN. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON BIOLOGY
This project work was designed to find out the effect of communicable diseases among children in Benin City poor. Communicable diseases are very common among poor resident. Communicable diseases could be contacted and have effects in primary school pupils, which may include deformity and poor academic performance. Immunization can be used to control the spread of communicable diseases among school pupils. One hundred respondents were used as sample study. Research questions were formulated to analyze the results. Results showed that lack of parental care, lack of health education and overcrowding of pupils in class lead to spread of communicable diseases. Recommendations made included that every individual should be fully educated about communicable diseases and that adequate and proper hygiene should be encouraged.
- Background of the Study
Communicable diseases are as old as man and they constitute a great menace to human beings in every part of the world. They are one of the greatest problems facing children today. The diseases are silent killers unlike accident that kills instantly. Man has been trying to get rid of these diseases, for years but efforts made have proved partially abortive. Specifically, pre-school children (0-5 years old) are prone to communicable diseases because of their close interaction with one another, their non-discriminatory behaviours and also their low immunity power. A disease that is transmitted through direct contact with an infected individual or indirectly through a vector. Also called contagious disease.
Communicable Disease Definition
Communicable disease is often called contagious or infectious disease. Anderson (2000) defined a communicable disease as a disease that can be transmitted from one person to another or from lower animal to higher animal (man). He attributed the cause of these diseases to pathogenic microorganisms. Brain (2007) also noted that communicable disease are infectious diseases that can be passed from person to another or from an animal to a person.