STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CONSUMPTION OF CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOLIC DRINKS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS. (A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC NEKEDE)
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page———————————————- i
Approval Page—————————————– ii
Table of contents————————————— vi
- Introduction—————————————- 1
1.1 Need for title study——————————— 2
1.2 Aims and objectives——————————– 3
1.3 Scope of the study———————————- 4
1.4 Problems encountered during data collection—— 4
- Review of Related Literature————————- 6
2.1 Introduction——————————————- 6
2.2 Historical Background of Alcoholism
and cigarette smoking————————— 6
- Research Methodology—————————- 16
3.1 Introduction—————————————- 16
3.2 Sources of Data———————————– 16
3.3 Sample Frame————————————– 17
3.4 Method of Data collection————————— 18
3.5 Reason for stratification—————————– 18
3.6 Pilot survey——————————————- 19
3.7 Determination of sample size———————— 22
3.8 Methods Used in Distribution of Questionnaire
for the main survey———————————– 24
3.9.0 Theoretical frame work————————– 25
3.9.1 The General format for chi-square using
contingency Table————————————- 25
3.9.2 Conditions for the use of chi-square test——– 26
3.9.3 Assumption for the use of chi-square test——- 30
3.10 The Normal Distribution——————————- 30
3.11 Use of Frequency Distribution And Bar Charts– 31
3.12 Estimation of population proportion————– 32
4.0 Data Analysis————————————– 33
4.1 Introduction—————————————- 33
4.2 Analysis Involving Frequency Distribution of Bar
and Pie Charts————————————– 33
4.3 Estimation of population proportion of those
that drink Alcohol———————————– 39
4.4 Estimation of the population proportion of
those that smoke cigarette————————- 41
4.5 Estimation of students Average Weekly
Expenditure on smoking—————————- 43
4.6 Estimation of students Average weekly
Expenditure on Drinking—————————– 43
4.7 Determine whether the expenditure Rate on
smoking is due to Age——————————- 45
4.8 Determine whether the Expenditure Rate on
Drinking is due to age—————————— 45
- Summary of the Findings from the survey—— 52
- Conclusion—————————————– 53
- Recommendation———————————- 54
This project work is about the statistical analysis of the consumption of cigarette and alcoholic drinks in tertiary institution (A case study of Federal Polytechnic Nekede). It consists of five chapters. Chapter one deals with the preliminary part, which includes needs for title study, aims and objectives, scope of the study, sources of data and problem encountered during data collection.
Chapter two deals with review of related literature that is previous researches relating to the study. Chapter three deals with research methodology which includes sources of data, sampling frame, method of data collection, reason for stratification, pilot survey, method of distributing questionnaires for main survey, the general format for Chi-square using contingency table among others.
Chapter four deal with analysis involving frequency distribution bar and pie charts, estimation of the student average weekly expenditure on drinking and smoking, to determine whether the expenditure rate on drinking is due to age, to find out if the student opinion on the effects of smoking is independent of drinking habits and so on. Chapter five deals with summary, conclusion and recommendation.
- NEEDS FOR TITLE STUDY
Despite all the advertisement from the Federal Ministry of Health, television programmes and lectures from seminars about the dangers of alcoholism and cigarette smoking, a reasonable number of people in the society still indulge in this habit.
This study will investigate the extent of student indulgence in smoking/drinking as well as examine the students’ expenditure on consumption of these consumer items.
The out come of this investigation will serve as a deterrent factor to non-consumer students who have the intention of starting it. It will also help the school authority to avoid setting up kiosks around the school premises where such items are being sold.
- AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The following are what the researcher work intends to achieve.
- To determine the extent of alcoholism and cigarette smoking among the students of Federal Polytechnic Nekede.
- To determine the popularity of various brands of alcohol and cigarette Among the students consumer of the products.
- To estimate students average weekly expenditure on drinking and Smoking.
- To determine whether the rate on drinking and smoking is due to age.
- To find out if the students opinions on the effects of smoking and Drinking is independent of their habits.
- To determine it students drinking and smoking habits are independent.
- To make suggestions and recommendation based on the findings.