Millions of children needs to be mould from home to school and via verra everyday. For parents, obtaining a safe transport for their children is a crucial issue. The students ride their bicycle getting to and from school safety. A research undertaken by the Scottish executive central research unit with purpose of increasing the proportional of non car travel to school reveals that travelling by bus or coach appears to be by for the safest mode. Statistics suggest that a child travelling by car is seven (7) times more likely to take part or be involved in a road traffic casualty than a child travelling by our statistics from U.S.A, CANADA and Australia also confirm that public transport (and school transport in particular) has a high level of safety just an in Europe.
For instance, the Australian college of Road safety notes that bus travel in the safest form of road transport, at least 14 times safer than the private car, and that the record for school bus travel in particular is very good.
Also, the research undertaken by national highway traffic safety administration in notes that when comparing the number of fatalities of children aged 5-18 years during normal school transportation hours, from 1989-1999 (school years). School buses are 87 times safes than private cars.
To help- avoid frightening and potential costly mistakes like these, this investigates an RFID enabled solution to here monitor children when they are traveling to and from school on stool buses. This system will transmit data via cell modem to allow buses to be tracked from a command center at fleet headquarters, as well as to the parent of that child.
As an option, a push button emergency alarm can be installed that will send an alarm to the monitoring station that the bus is in trouble. Another option that increased situational awareness or the addition of biometrics that, can store locally the identity picture sent periodically or on request from the command centre.
- RESEARCH GOALS AND OBJECTIVE
The objective of this research to develop an affordable integrated monitoring system to ensure our fleet security. Our goal is to develop a modular system to maximize system flexibility to best meet the need of each school district. The basic system will enable law enforcement to track vehicle using RHD and a wireless data transfer mechanism that sends data to headquarters and allow to law enforcement.
A module will be developed that will provide co-operate system for identification and tracking of individual system and driver, including where and when they board and exit the bus. A module for additional on board monitoring will developed including sensor and student data as using Biometrics.
This research showed that RHD technology is a practical option for monitoring and tracking the children their trip to and from school on school buses. Lab and field trials confirmed that the RHD tags functional well under different conditions. The reading were consistent and resulted read ranges that were acceptable within the constraints of locating children stopped into the wrong bus, left the bus and left behind in the bus, the cost associated with begging of material is relatively low. It should be noted that the work completed in this research is the first phase of the project. Future work including combining RFD tracking with an information management system will result in detailed children tracking that will provide different application to the users, Once the most phases are complete, the system will be capable of notifying parents via SMS when the child water/leaves the school, enabling school authorities, fleet owners and parent to keep track of the our online, helping transporters and authorities to plan and manage the bus routes better, saving money and ensuring smooth and quick rides to the different destinations.
- DEFINITION OF TERMS
– Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID)
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) user electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and tracks tags attached to an object. The tags contain electronically stored information.
RFID tags are used in many industries, for example, an RFID tag attached to an automobile during production can be used to track active or battery assisted passive.
Tracker:- As a way to know geographical position
A RFID + Tracker: Complete Solutin
Where about of the individual items/person can be determined where person: carrying RFID (No tracker needed)
Vehicle: Fitted with tracker.
RFID combined with tracker has a diversified utility an will be evident in the subsequent slides.