ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF POST HARVEST LOSS AMONG LEAFY VEGETABLE MARKETERS IN UTESE, OVIA NORTH EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
This study examine the economic analysis of post harvest losses among leafy vegetable marketers in Utese, Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State in achieving this, specific objectives were spelt out to examine the socio-economic characteristics of green vegetable marketers in the study area. Estimate the physical losses of green vegetable during marketing. Determine the financial value of these losses of green vegetables. Identify the causes of the losses during marketing. Determine the effect of post harvest sellers. From the objective above, primary data were used to accomplish the study. From the result many marketer encounter the problem of finance due to high level of interest and demand from the bank. Some of the problems of poor handling of their vegetables. It is therefore recommended that government, money lender should create easy access to the farmers, proper information should be given to marketers and producers on how to handle harvested vegetable.
- BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Vegetable are highly perishable except under intensive care during harvest, handling and transportation. There can also be losses in quality as measured both by the price obtained and the nutritional values as well as in quantity. Farmers are forced to sell their products at give away prices due to absence of adequate storage income goes to the waste bins.
Estimate of production losses in developing countries are usually very hard to come by. Post harvest losses in vegetable in Africa countries have been estimated to about 50% of the total production food and agricultural organization implies that half of the total production are lost during storage handling and transportation of their produce. Therefore minimizing these losses to a large extent between harvest and consumption of already produced food is more sustainable than increasing production (Kader and Roll, 2004).
Post harvest losses are caused by mechanical injuries, inadequate storage, unsuitable handling, faculty system of transport and delayed transportation in retail market. Green vegetable refer to all leafy vegetable predominantly green in colour which can be eaten boiled or in soups. They have achieved tremendous popularity over the last century among local trader.