1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
All over the world today, environment pollution is an issue of great concern because of what the environment is to human survival and indeed, the survival of the earth itself. These days, the argument on green house eect is rife everywhere in the world. “If it not green house eect”, it is global warning .Both point to the fact that the earth is polluted. Williams (2006) airms that it is well recognized that the environment is one of the health. He however paints out that Nigeria suers from both primary and secondary environmental problems resulting from under development and growth in industrialization. As a result of these environmental problems, human idea and activities are endangered on a daily basis. In view of these threats to the social responsibility Environmental pollution is one of phenomenon that has gained international attention including Nigeria and Rivers State hence Bonny Kingdom. News agencies, health organizations, federal government’s ministries of health have passed information about the menace associated with environmental pollution to the masses. A common problem unique to developing countries is depletion and destruction of natural resource, environmental degradation, and resulting social and economic eects. In these countries, therefore, the crucial field of concern for leaders and policy makers is the environmental issues when creating policy decisions about human development and economic welfare. Because environmental degradation is caused by the following key factors such as industrialization, transportation, population, poverty, soil erosion, congestion and traic, exploitation of open access resource due to ill-defined property rights, etc, environmental issues must have to be generally adequate taken into account. Along with industrialization and urbanization, the social economy develops in an unparalleled speed, while it inevitably increases the consumption of natural resources and the pressure to protect ecological environment. That is the exploitation of natural resources makes emissions of industrial pollutants increases. The industrial growth finally leads to environmental quality degradation (Peng, 2014). However, there is an indication that economic growth is beneficial to the environment and the two parts mutually promote each other (Beckerman, 2016). There is no definite conclusion drawn yet on the relationships between economic growth and environment quality and it is still needs to be studied further .