DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FINGERPRINT VERIFICATION SYSTEM FOR CRIME. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON COMPUTER SCIENCE EDUCATION
A Reliable criminal suspects’ recognition is an important problem in crime investigation process. Biometrics recognition is becoming an irreplaceable part of many identification systems. While successful in some niche markets, the biometrics technology has not yet delivered its promise of full proof automatic crime suspects’ recognition, especially in a developing country like Nigeria. The study proposes and implements a biometrics-based crime investigation system using a fingerprint verification process to validate suspects for the Nigerian security agencies (Police Force, Navy, Army, etc). this research system will be develop using visual basic language and a development environment of Microsoft Visual studio 2013, the methodology applied in this work is a rubrics of structured system analysis and design architecture (SSADA) using the waterfall model.
I shall discuss on the techniques that will be employed by me on accomplishing this research work, its limitation and scope will be highlighted.
1.1 Background of Study
Criminality is part and parcel of human nature and society [Alemika, E. 2004]. That is why no society can claim to be completely crime free. But the types of criminal behavior tend to follow the pattern of social and economic development of a given society [Sohnen, E. 2012]. It is therefore not unexpected that a society at a low level of development and as Madden and Chiu (1998) mentioned, uneven distribution of income (and wealth) [Madden, P. and W.H. Chiu. 1998], tends to experience an upsurge in the rate of violent crimes such as armed robbery, politically motivated killings, the use of illegal weapons, ethnic and religious clashes and the like. What is worrisome, however, is that the police which are meant to be the antidote to criminality appear to be getting overwhelmed by the phenomenon [Ash, H.S. 1999]. The criminals appear to be ahead of the police such that the latter now only react to the commission of crimes and usually after the offenders might have left the scene making things appear as if the original emphasis on crime prevention has been completely lost [Awake Magazine. 2002]. Aside other complaints, there are institutional constraints, which contribute to the uncomplimentary image of the police and thereby undermining their capacity to deliver efficient crime control via proper and prompt investigation and policing services. These include inadequate manpower, lack of expertise, lack of adequate equipment, low level of education, low morale, lack of training facilities and lack of technological knowhow, etc.