THE METHOD OF HANDLING CASSAVA PROCESSING IN SELECTED VILLAGES IN EDO STATE: A CASE STUDY OF ESAN SOUTH EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE . A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
This research study was designed to determine the method of handling cassava processing in some selected villages in Edo State. A case study of Esan South East Local Government Area. Project aimed at determining the analysis of the modern method of handling cassava processing in Esan South East and its usefulness on the life of individual and the nation at large. It is hoped that the findings from this study would help us to check the quality and consumption rate of the finished products, to know the due processes involved in cassava production, to compare and contrast of the two types of cassava production process e.g. the modern method and traditional method.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Cassava is one of the most important crops grown in the tropics and a major carbohydrate staple. It is the third most important source of calories in the tropics after cereal crops (FAO, 2008). World production of cassava is estimated at 242 million tonnes, of which 54% (130 million tonnes) is produced in Africa. West Africa alone contributes about 68 million tonnes, equivalent to 52% of production. Ghana is the third African producer, after Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo with a yearly production of approximately 10 million tonnes representing 8% of total cassava production on the continent (FAO Food Outlook, 2009).
In Africa, cassava production has more than quadrupled since 1961 from 33 million to 122 million tonnes in 2006 (IFAD, 2010). In countries like Nigeria and Ghana, wide adoption of high yielding varieties and better pest management has resulted in a sharp rise in production. Cassava is a perishable crop and a bulky product, which makes it costly to transport without initial processing. According to FAO (2011) between 35% and 40% of cassava produced in Ghana are lost through postharvest losses accounting for between 3.5 million tonnes to 4 million tonnes annually.