This study was under taken to assertion of radio using Baruten as a case study. The study provided background information in the history of radio programming and radio kwara. It also to find out the problems associated with the dissemination of development by the radio to the rural dwellers. The method used is the case for the study employed the use of questionnaire were analyzed and graphically explained with the use of table and simple percentage method. The data analysis revealed that radio programming has had much impact on rural dwellers. The study therefore, recommend that community radio programming should be encourage and spread widely for effective information dissemination in rural areas.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of content ix
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
- Background of the study 1
- Statement of the problem 7
- Objectives of the study 8
- Research question 9
- Significance of the study 10
- Scope of the study 10
- Operational definition of terms 11
- Limitations of the study 12
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Theoretical framework 19
2.2 Conceptual framework 24
2.3 Review of empirical studies
Review of related literature 26
2.4 Radio as a medium 39
2.5 Functions of radio programming 41
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research variable 46
3.2 Universe of the study 46
3.3 Sample size and sampling techniques 47
3.4 Unit of analysis 47
3.5 Instrumentations 47
3.6 Validity of the instrument 48
3.7 Method of administration
Of the instrument 48
3.8 Method of data analysis 49
3.9 Population of the study 49
4.1 Analysis of the performance
Of the research instrument 50
4.2 Answers to the research question 55
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary 65
5.2 Conclusion 66
5.3 Recommendations 68
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The medium of communication i.e.; the channel through which information is conveyed to the general public. Such channel includes; radio, television, newspaper e.t.c.
The radio as a medium of communication is one of the most ambitious, the most effective and cheapest means of communication. Apart from its primary response of informing, educating and entertaining the public, it provides opportunity for man to understand both his immediate and distant environment.
Programming on the other hand is the broadcast programming of a radio form or content that is organized for commercial broadcasting and public broadcasting of radio station.
According to Zuma 1 (2011), the radio is a nation builder instrument, It can be a important partner in the drive to make rural area economically and socially viable.
As a means of communication, the radio is unique in both its portability and ability to reach people in urban and rural areas.
It can be used to transmit music, speech and other information to a large audience.
For Daramola 1 (2001: 55), radio reaches every corner of the globe. The rural community most especially relies on it for information because it breaks language barriers and illiteracy. This is why it is an effective tool for dissemination of information to the rural areas for adequate, communicate growth.
As it may be, this study will examine the impact of radio programming on rural dweller using Baruten as the study.
1.1.1 HISTORY OF RADIO PROGRAMMING IN NIGERIA
The term “Radio” has its root in the Latin word, “Radius” which means a spoken radius ray. Radio’s etymology become obvious when it is realized that in physical sense, radio is essentially the emission of rays or waves that bear signal called programs the wave which are generated by a transmitter are propagated, an aerial or an antenna that represent the central of a circles for reception by radio set turned to the frequency on which the transmitter is radiating.
According to OLULANDELE et al, radio programming in Nigeria began in 1932, through the establishment of the radio distribution services. It was as a result of the urge a determination of the British colonial authority to link the colonies with the writer country to serve as an instrument of propaganda for the Britain and the whole world. So the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) empire service was introduced.
Radio programming in Nigeria also began as part of the departmental and post and telegraph; which was then Public Relation Services. The post and telegraphs engineers used the station in programming programs through wires connected to loud speakers located at different points in Lagos.
After three years of experiment, the country realized it could operate this system which heralded the establishment of wired broadcasting that was named “Radio Distribution Service” (RDS).
On June 16 1951, the Nigeria Broadcasting Service (NBS) was firmly established by Governor John Stuart McPherson. It was later changed to Nigeria Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) and began operation in April 1957 by an act of parliament.
However, the glamour for the right of reply by Chief Obafemi Awolowo led to the formation of radio and television station in the western region, Western Nigeria Broadcasting Service (WNBS) and Western Nigeria Television (WNTV) responded on October 31, 1959.
In 1975, the Murtala-Obasanjo military regime declared its intention to halt the proliferation of radio station in Nigeria by creating a centralized organization to cater for the whole country. The government enacted the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria Decree no 8 of 1978; which gave the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN), right over all existing radio station the country with the re-organization, it assumed its new name and four zonal offices were created in Lagos, Ibadan, Kaduna and Enugu and the radio skill is in existence today.
More so, many private radio stations have been established as a result of the promulgation of the National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) Decree No. 38 in August 24, 1992. This Decree gave right to the ownership of broadcasting station by private individuals.
For Richard Aspinal, (1971) the use of wireless for popular programming was a consequence of the world war of 1914 – 1918. The fighting services needed improved equipment and large number of wireless signal. It was these near who on their return to civil life held the demand for broadcasting services.
Early radio was very much a novelty for listeners and broadcaster alike. The early receiving software bulky and difficult to tune the loudspeaker had not been invented and listening was limited to headphones.
In the studies there were no mixing panels, no magnetic microphones, no electrical pick-ups and certainly no tape recording. The microphones had to be shaken before use, like a bottle of machine gramophone records were played by gramophones in front of open microphones.
But the radio has gradually metamorphosed into a digital state that rural dwellers can carry every where even in their mobile phones, Ipods and small radio sets.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
As Daramola (2001: 104) rightly observed, the radio as a medium of mass communication bridges the gap between the government and the governed. It is a two – way communication that provides companionship through human voice and exhilarating music.
Therefore, it is undoubtedly clear that radio programming can act as a catalyst for rural development because of its versatility of informing hundreds of thousands listeners at different times of the day. However, this can be more effective in the rural community through the use of local dialects. Thus, what impact does radio programming have on the people living in rural community?
How do they perceive information disseminated by the various radio stations? Through what ways do the media messages mobilize them to participate in the development process of their community and the nation at large? How credible are the content of radio programming?
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
This study seek to find out what impact does radio programming has on rural dwellers using Baruteen people as a case study.
This research will further ascertain the reaction of the people living in rural community to radio message, how this message impact their way of life most especially in the area of development and if radio programming as a medium of communication; has been able to bridge its gap between the government and the people of the community.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study will enable the various radio stations to understand and appreciate their strengths and weaknesses in order to know areas to improve for effective information dissemination.
It will also assist radio owners and managers in describing better policies of enhancing communication programmes in the rural areas.
More so, it will bring to conscious the relevance of radio programmes to the rural community in order to enable them appreciate it and comprehend message efficiently.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study is to determine the impact of radio message toward the development of rural community.
Using Baruten as case study, this research will further state the impact of the radio programming in rural dwellers obstacle to the impact of programming in information disseminating and solution to ensure good interpretation of radio message by the receivers.
The rural dwellers in this community constitute the target population of the study which includes people of different occupation such as farmers, artisans, traders, students, civil servants e.t.c. 1.7 OPERATIONAL