IMPACTS OF INDUSTRIAL SET-UP ON THE ENVIRONMENT(A CASE STUDY OF THE AGBARA INDUSTRIAL ESTATE IN OGUN STATE)
Indiscriminate handling and disposal of industrial by products into the environment represents one of the major sources of environmental pollution which invariably affects the health of man, plants and animals. The toxic effect of these industrial set up from industrial estate in ogun state was investigated in terms of soil , water and air compostions. The presence and concentrations of some metals of environmental concern as well as Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the effluent were also determined.
1. Background of the Study
Industry is one of the major categories in economic activities after agriculture. Industry is concerned with the processing of raw material and manufacture of goods in factories. The raw materials were converted into sophisticated useful thing for the convenience living standard for the human being. An Industry may be defined as a place where the goods are manufactured by the labours with the help of machines. After primary production activities it is the industrial activity precede the second largest production of goods. It is the stage where the raw materials were manufactured in readymade for the further uses.
Development of industries is the utmost important to man in modern world. In fact, their development is considered to be an index of country’s economic prosperity and strength. But to setup an industry is not as simple and easy as it seems. A number of factors are used to locate an industrial setup. Tikha-Bali-Sekhon (1993) in his book mentioned some of factors which determine the location of industries. According to him the location of manufacturing industries depends upon a number of geographical and economic factors. These factors are known as factors of localization of industries or agglomeration of industries. The most important factors are:
2. Source of power.
4. Means of transportation.
Other factors like climate, Government policies, Capital, Water land etc. From the preceded statement we can visualize that to establish an industry have to pass through all those factors. Negligence of any factors can lead a hazardous condition of the industries.
The prominent urban and peri-urban land uses are residential, commercial, industrial and transportation; and it has been argued that residential takes the largest percentage of about 60% of any urban land use, industrial use has been assigned 10 percent of the city land use (Herbert & Thomas, 1982; Oduwaiye, 2001; Obateru, 2004). The percentage of industrial land use in any urban area might look small relatively to other land uses; its impact on the socio-economic milieu of the neighborhood is very enormous. Industrialization brought with it economic expansion-expansion of local employment, expansion of service industries and the local market. Areas where industries are located also experience provision of infrastructure for the population such as roads, health and education services. The cumulative effect of these innovations is the transformation of the established structure of the immediate society. The purpose of industrial development of any region though is to provide opportunities of better living and employment to the people, the possibilities of adverse effects on the environment also increased if their adverse effects are not properly contained or reduced to minimum. Thus, there occurs a situation in which the material goods increase but the quality of life deteriorates. Several studies have been conducted within and outside Nigeria on the impact of industrial wastes and chemical contaminants on soil, air and water pollutions and their attendant health hazards (Ogoke, 1980; Tripathi et al., 1990; Lahiry, 1996; Ana et al., 2005; Udia, 2005). However, not much has been done on the impact of industrialization or industrial land use on neighborhood property values. The few literature on the subject matter include Bello and Bello (2005a) on the valuation of environmental contaminated properties, Bello (2005b) on environmental contamination and urban property values, and Ogendengbe and Oyedele (2006) on effect of waste management on property values in Ibadan. It istherefore expedient to do a critical examination on the effects of industrial land use on the neighborhood property values. Knowledge of this study would help in understanding how an increased effort on industrial development would affect the existing pattern of land use.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
There are so many industries in Agbara industrial estate, the smoke emitted from the industries rise the surrounding air temperature which may cause a serious health problem to the people, passengers, nearby settlements.