INTERFACE MONITORING AND ANALYSIS OF PIPELINE AND PRODUCTS MARKETING COMPANY LIMITED. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
This research was carried out with the sole aim of monitoring interface in the transportation of petroleum pipeline products and the analysis of this product from Enugu depot. In the research it was observed that product contaminates each other if interface was not properly monitored and cut at the appropriate time.
The three major products that were considered in this research were premium motor spirit (PMS) automotive gas premium (AGO0 and dual purpose kerosene (DPK).
The tests carried out point test smoke point test, initial and final boiling point test (Distillation), temperature and density test, to ascertain the standard quality specification and the extent of their purity.
It was observed from the result that the flash point value for DPK and AGO were 430c and 820c respectively. The average smoke point test values for DPK product was 21.92mm. the initial and final boiling point of PMS were350c and 1750c, respectively. The observed density at the DPK/AGO interface monitoring test were 819 kg/m3 and 850 kg/m3and corrected densities for DPK and AGO were 830.2kg/m3 and 859.9kg/m3 respectively. The interface reception cut point for DPK/AGO interface monitoring was made at the corrected density of 849.0 kg/m3. And the temperature of DPK and AGO were 310c respectively.
The result from the analysis revealed that the boiling point of PMS was far more lower than that of AGI and DPK, which implies that PMS has a higher volatility than the two other products the flash point test revealed that the minimum temperature at which AGO and DPK ignites was 66.50c and 430c PMS was not determined because of its high volatility. Also, the standard minimum smoke point of DPK was determined to be 22mm. The smoke point test for AGO and PMS were not carried out because, they were not domestically used and their combustion normally takes value in an engine.
This research has become very necessary because it reveals the proper way pf handling petroleum pipeline product to meet standard specification for domestic and industrial use.
1.1 HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
PIPELINE TRANSPORT OPERATION
As an instrument of transport, the pipeline is almost as old as the wheel. Indeed, one of the big problems facing earning civilizations in their development of the first cities was the provision of an effective water supply, and the inventive clines are believed to have used bamboo pipes for this purpose as much as 7,000 year ago. The Syrians the Egyptians, the Greeks and the Romans all used water mains made of clay or hollow stone, and in 525 B.C. the king of Persia supplied his desert arm with water by means of a pipeline made of sown oxetride.
The problem of bulk transport of oil arose an soon as the modern international oil industry itself was in Pennsylvania in 1859. During the early days of the industry the uniform method of moving crude oil or refined products in bulk was by barrels. These were loaded on to wagons trains or ships like any ordinary merchandise. However teamsters owning wagons were charging such exorbitant have age was sought. Pipeline appeared the obvious answer and after some encouraging experiments with wooden pipes the first commercially successful oil pipeline was built in 1865. this line, 2 in diameter was made of cast iron could handle 250 tones of oil per day. Its advantages over wagons and barrels for over land transport was instantly appreciated by other petroleum dealers, and very soon many more lines were in service. steel began replacing cast iron about the year 1910, and a proliferation of pipelines resulted.