MAKING ENOUGH FOOD AVAILABLE THROUGH FARMERS MULTI-PURPOSE COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES (A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN OBOWO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)
The subject matter of this research is making enough food available through farmer’s multi-purpose cooperative societies a case study of selected co-operative societies in Obowo Local government area. The aim of the study is to determine the effective ways the role of farmers multi-purpose cooperative society can accelerate food production in different ways i.e. through marketing of food production, processing, supply of farm inputs and credit facilities. The researcher also research on the opportunities made available of these food productions and the means of getting them available for the members. The concept that leads to these Farmers Multi-purpose Cooperative Society, which was, researched through different research method/designs such as experimental research, descriptive research and etc. and also different data collection method such as personnel interview, questionnaires and etc, which was use to investigate on people’s view whether cooperative society has been able to play its role well in the economic development and social transformation. Finally, the researcher suggests ways of improving the role of farmer’s Multi-purpose cooperative society in the accelerating of food production for the society, the state and the country and others relating to it.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page- – – – – – – – – -i
Approval page- – – – – – – – –
Dedication- – – – – – – – – -iii
Acknowledgment- – – – – – – – -iv
Abstract- – – – – – – – – – -v
Table of contents- – – – – – – – -vii
- Introduction- – – – – – – – -1
- Background of the study- – – – -1
- Statement of the problem- – – – -4
- Objectives of the study- – – – -7
- Research questions- – – – – -7
- Significance of the study- – – – -8
- Scope of the study- – – – – -10
- Limitation of the study- – – – – -10
- Definition of terms- – – – – -11
- Literature review – – – – – – – -13
- Introduction/The concept of Farmers Multi-purpose Cooperative Societies- – – – – – -15
- The concept of accelerated food production- -17
- The role of Farmers Multi-purpose Cooperative Society in accelerating food production- – – – -19
- The problems of Farmers Multi-purpose Cooperative Society- – – – – – – – – -20
References- – – – – – – – -20
- Research design and methodology- – – -24
- Introduction- – – – – – – – -24
- Research design- – – – – – – -24
- Sources/method of data collection- – – -27
- Population and sample size- – – – – -27
- Sample techniques- – – – – – -29
- Validity and reliability of measuring instrument-30
- Method of data analysis – – – – – -31
- Presentation and Analysis of data- – – -34
- Introduction- – – – – – – -34
- Presentation of data- – – – – -34
- Interpretation of result(s)- – – – -41
- Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations- -42
- Introduction- – – – – – – -42
- Summary of findings- – – – – -42
- Conclusion- – – – – – – -44
- Recommendations- – – – – -45
References- – – – – – – -47
Appendix- – – – – – – -48
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The term cooperative can be used in its generic term to cover a wide area of activities which two or more people join together either formally on adhoc or permanent basis, for legal or illegal or socially accepted or unaccepted actions to fulfill certain aims. Such action may be selfish in nature or may be in the interest of those performing the action without it being detrimental to anyone else.
However, cooperation is often used in the positive sense. It is also used in a much narrower sense to mean activities undertaken by cooperative organizations. The study of cooperation in this later sense therefore means the scientific or academic study of cooperative organizations.
Cooperative has been defined for different purpose and in slightly different ways by economists, lawyers, philosophers and others.
Precisely, cooperative is an association of persons, usually of limited means, who have voluntarily joined together their resources to achieve a common economic end and through the formation of a democratically controlled business enterprise, making equitable contribution to the capital required and accepting a fair share of the risks and benefits of the undertaking. Cooperative started in Great Britain in 1760. And different cooperative societies exist since then. There are types of cooperative, thrift and credit cooperative, thrift and loan, agricultural cooperative and etc.
Agricultural cooperative can be defined as cooperative societies that engage in the production, processing, marketing and distribution of agricultural products. Types of agricultural cooperative are group-farming society. Member of the society engage in the production of a variety of crops while they also arrange for the marketing of such crops. Some other agricultural cooperative is marketing cooperative. These societies are involved in the marketing of member’s products. This is done at low cost and efficiently for members benefits.
Agricultural cooperative thrift and credit these societies are concerned with the mobilization of credit and making the available to members at a low cost for either prosecution, marketing or consumption purpose. Agricultural consumer cooperative societies engages in the sale of manufactured/consumer products to members at reasonable prices they are also similar to other consumer cooperative but for the fact that they are mainly found in the rural areas while the members are mostly farmers.
Agricultural multi-purpose farmer’s cooperative societies combine many of these functions as their main criteria’s like production, processing of agricultural produce, marketing of the processed agricultural produce, credit facilities to members etc. the can also be known as service centers for the benefit of their members.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Most often, business activities are faced with numerous problems, which hinder achievement of their objectives. Some of these problems are posed by the vagaries in the economy such as inflation while some area high and expensive. This situation is neither of interest to the consumer nor the producers. In effect, marketing cooperative was introduced to arrest the situation especially in the rural areas, so as to bring society into the distribution sector and increase its efficiency.
Consumers cooperative are societies made up of consumers, found basically by consumer who in a bid to take advantage of mutual efforts, ensuring that the quality of goods, they buy is of high standard and at a reasonable price. The idea of consumer cooperative sprang up in Britain during the middle of the nineteenth century as a reaction to the growing exploitation of the workers by the capitalist. Goods were not only expensive, but were adulterated with in correct weights and measures.
Farmers’ Multi-purpose Cooperative Society in indicating from its name, it ingrates into itself from problems farmers. As presently constituted, Farmers’ Multi-purpose Cooperative Society represents about 70 percent of all cooperative found in south-east, Nigeria.
The idea of a Farmers’ Multi-purpose Cooperative Society stems from the understanding that the chief occupation of rural dwellers is agriculture. So in order to accelerate significant rural resource productivity, an organization has to be found that will champion this course.
With effective financing, Farmers’ Multi-purpose Cooperative Societies can undertake all the functions we have discussed. It can ever go further to provide other services, which we have not discussed like agricultural insurance and the rest. Below are ways and means through which agriculture can be better the well-being of their members they include:-
- To acquire agricultural inputs
- To take advantage of the economic of scale in production, processing and buying and selling.
- To obtain credit from financial institution.
- To by-pass exploitative middlemen (money lenders, traders, miller and industrialists)
- To educate farmers and spread useful information.