THE EFFECT OF MANPOWER PLANNING AND ORGANIZATION EFFICIENCY(A CASE STUDY OF OANDO GAS LIMITED, UYO)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Objectives of the Study
1.4 Research Questions
1.5 Research Hypothesis
1.6 Significance of the Study
1.7 Scope of the Study
1.8 Limitation of the Study
1.9 Definition of Terms
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 What is Manpower Planning
2.2 The Objective of Manpower Planning
2.3 Factors that Influence Manpower Planning
2.4 The Process of Manpower Planning
2.5 Manpower Audit for Determining Future Requirement
2.6 Forecasting Future Human Resources Needs
2.7 Manpower Plans for Meeting Organizational Manpower Requirements
2.8 Specific of Area of Manpower Planning Improvement
2.9 Training and Development
2.10 Ways of Improving Manpower Utilization in Public Service
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design and Methodology
3.2 Source of Data
3.3 Population of the Study
3.4 Sample and Sampling Procedures
3.5 Reliability and Validity of Data Instruments
3.6 Method of Data Collection
3.7 Method of Data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1 Analysis of Relevant Question from the Questionnaire
4.2 Test of Hypotheses
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMDATION
5.1 Summary of Finding
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Given the increasing volatile and complex socio-economic structure of our Business Organization in Nigeria, two business factors are crucial for business success; capital and human resources capital whether acquired through load or from private source, is by far easier to manage, control only when there is qualified and human resources organizations whether public or private are prones to Jeopardy when there is no adequate human resource or manpower planning
It is from the foregoing premise that the compelling need arises for manpower planning and development as a sine-quanon for enhance efficiency considering the fact that available human or man power organization in Nigeria have not been properly manage nor do the available human resource or improving our economic when organization one properly managed and the country will be badly affected.
According to (1974) Udoji report and quoted by Oshioneno (2001) the public services much be changed and strengthened to respond effectively to demand of development. They need qualified and skilled and motivated people at the right time to achieve objective to, to transfer paper plan into actual achievement of all aspect of personnel management, perhaps the most importance for us here in Nigeria today is training and planning. It is good to note that public sector has continued to accord appreciable attention to proper improvement of manpower of planning and staff development. In the wake of the professionalism introduced or reinforced by 1988 civil services reform, it was imperative for every Job incumbent to posses requisite knowledge, skills and attitudinal tendencies in specific job activity in government or other public sector service. Accordingly, we are the fold in other to improve economy and employment is to the minimum possible level of proficiency, ministry is to establish, operetta and maintain programmes or plan for the ministry (FRN1988).
Even government in experiencing serious revenue shortfalls to meet its development objectives, staff rationalization and other downsizing measures, have the consequence of the reverence shortfalls in both the public and private sectors as well as across economic sub-sectors.
Human resource planning , according to Banjiko (1996) can therefore be seen as the overall organization planning process by which the organization tries to ensure that it has right number of persons and the person and the right kind of people and that the right time and that the right place performing functions which are economically usefully and which satisfy the need of the individual involved to have the right number and quality of people requires effective human resource planning and serious managerial and commitment. It is important for the following reasons:
First, for any organization to achieve a reasonable degree of success, it is important nether to planned with excess or inadequate manpower. Human resources are always costly to acquire and retain, therefore, making it economically difficult keeping excess manpower when to justify keeping excess employees, it can cause serious problems for an organization. Also the organization cannot keep or afford to keep too few employees as over-work by the few available employees may retard work progress and lead to a lot of days functional bahaviour in the part of employees. Effectives manpower planning and it utilization that takes into accounts the whole arranges of potentials planning facts or can help to determined the right quantity and kind of employees to keep.
Second, effective’s strategies for improving human resources planning can be useful for stabilizing employment levels.
Thirds, the need to cope with possible changes and competitive forces in both the product and the labour markets, in technology and government regulatory requirement call for a realistic and effectives human resources planning.
All said and done, for effectives manpower planning in Akwa Ibom state and to be precise in Oando Gas Ltd, Uyo, it must consider the following factors: organizational changes, impending business decision and technology innovation.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Manpower and utilization involves long term development of semi-skilled manpower requirement economy and to planned educational position and investments in human resources development so as to increase employment opportunities in the future. We must admit the facts that there are major defects in Nigeria’s manpower development performances. The manpower board “rule thumbs” guides line that higher institution environment should be share in ratio of 60:40 between the science and technology group of discipline have remained persistently unachieved.
Human resources planning and its machinery in Nigeria public services commission have been infested by several problem such as lacks of research on manpower planning and utilization, low responses from establishment selected for manpower survey. Lack of up to date and detailed information of the stock of skills available in different parastatals, inability to evaluate manpower planning; inability to attracts and employ and retain competent professional staffs, use of inefficient estimated techniques, lacks of coordination between manpower planners and the educational system, and the lacks of coordination among the agencies charges with the responsibilities of human planning.
Additionally, the faulty implementation of federal character principle of disincentive to excellence, diligence and the development of individual abilities, because, it is not based on equal opportunity for every individual, differently puts there is inefficient allocation of man power resource when based almost excessively on the geographical origin of the appointees without the relative competence of such opportunities. Consequently, manpower planning suffers from inaccuracy as it is difficult to prepare long range fore cast accurately, changes in economic condition, technology, thus, making condition and labour force condition long range fore cast unreliable (Nwizu,2002) because there is inaccuracies in forecast from several operating d divisions to totaled together without a critical resources.
The above captured background suggested that there are some problems inherent in the planning and utilization of manpower. As a result of that, this research study set out to investigate the impact of man power planning on employee’s efficiency with champion braveries as study focus.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
- To find out whether there is manpower planning in Oando Gas Ltd, Uyo
- To investigate difference resulting among the management charged with the responsibility of manpower planning in Oando Gas Ltd, Uyo.
- To find out reasons why little attention is given to manpower planning unity
- To examine the use of research and survey and its impact in manpower planning unity
- To explore ways of ensuring effective manpower planning and efficiency in Oando Gas Ltd, Uyo
- Finally, to find out the effect of manpower planning and efficiency in the employees of Oando Gas Ltd, Uyo.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- Is there manpower planning in Oando Gas Ltd, Uyo?
- Are there differences arising from the management charged with the responsibility of manpower planning.
- Are there reasons why little attention is given to manpower planning unity?
- Are there any significant effects between the use of research and survey on manpower efficiency in organization?
- In what way can there be effective utilization and efficiency of manpower planning?
- Is there any significant effect of manpower planning on the employees?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
From the statement of problem and objective of the study the following hypothesis were formulate:
Ho: Professional charged with the duty of manpower planning do not affects the utilization of manpower
H1: Professional charged with the duty of manpower planning affects the utilization of manpower
Ho: Poor coordination among the management charged with the responsibility of manpower planning does not affect the manpower efficiency
Hii: Poor coordination among the management charged with the responsibility of manpower planning affects the manpower efficiecncy
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Man power planning and its efficiency has been recognized as critical for the improvement of public services administration. It is through man power that the resources of an organization are harnessed in order to meet the needs of the organization and the society at large.
One of the significance of this study will be creation of awareness about importance of manpower planning and organization efficiency. The various organisations, ministries and parastatals will become more aware of the nature of manpower planning and will invariably strive to justify the cost involved.
The study will be relevant, as it will bring to light the various reasons organization embarked on planning, training and staff development programmes. It will also highlight the process the various organizations should adopt to meet up with the planning, training and development needs of their organization as well the effect of such programmes on the employees in the organization.
On the other hand, the study will serve as a handbook on manpower planning and organization efficiency.
Thus, the study will serve as a relevant literature of manpower planning and organization efficiency in Oando Gas Ltd, Uyo.
Finally, the study will also be of immense help to the general society since through manpower planning and utilization efficiency is improved and the general society benefit because service have improved.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this research work covers the impact of manpower planning and organization efficiency. It will be restricted to Oando Gas Ltd, Uyo to enhance objective approach to the study.
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In the process of carrying out this research work, the researcher encountered some impediments which could have marred the work, nevertheless, some of the objectives and compendious appraisal of the impact of the programmes was still marred.
The uneducated resistance of Oando Gas Ltd who could neither read nor understand the questionnaire was another impediments some of the workers were reluctant to answering some of the questions in the questionnaire.
The task of typesetting and distribution of the questionnaire was difficult due to problem of finance. This would have marred the research due to the prevalent high cost of transportation and frequency visit to the site. Nevertheless, the researcher had to reply on the financial resources at his disposal to make the research work a success.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
- Planning: Is nothing using the available assets for the effective implementation of the production plan.
- Manpower planning: This is concerned with having the right person in the right numbers, in the right place and at the right time.
- Strategy: This entails ways and method of improving manpower planning in the organization, for instance (motivation, training e.t.c).
- Capital: This entails both financial and national resources need in an organization
THE EFFECT OF MANPOWER PLANNING AND ORGANIZATION EFFICIENCY (A CASE STUDY OF OANDO GAS LIMITED, UYO)