The demand for the reform of the United Nations is due to the evolving international system. The international system has gone through such a rapid transformation to the extent that the
UN structures as they were at the time of its establishment are making the UN not to function effectively as expected by majority of its members. Hence, the argument that the Security Council membership is expanded to include major financial contributors and the equitable representation of the regional spread. There is every indication that Nigeria has all it takes to represent Africa in an enlarged Security Council. But considering the vagaries associated with international politics a lot still need to be done by Nigeria to garner overwhelming support from Africa to enable her emerge as a consensus candidate for Africa. This work examined Nigeria’s quest for a permanent seat in the security council of the United Nations and the possibility of Nigeria representing Africa in an enlarged security council.
This paper research work was able to find out the reasons for the sudden clamour for the democratization of the United Nations Security Council and the possibility of Nigeria being accepted into this seat. This paper adopted the Neo- realism, Liberalism and Veto power theory as a frame work for the analysis of Nigeria’s quest for a permanent seat in the Security Council and the democratization of the Security Council.