PERCEIVED EFFECTS OF POLLUTED SURFACE WATER ON THE HEALTH OF THE RESIDENTS
The study focused on the effect of polluted surface water on the health of the resident in Ado-Odo/Ota local government Area. Water quality is an essential ingredient of healthy and productive life, but due to rapid industrialization and population explosion, surface waters which have been pure in the year’s backs are no more pure. Improper waste management is seen as a clog to the wheel of progress in terms of water quality. This study was carried out to determine the effects of polluted surface water on the on the health of the residents in Ado-odo/ota Local Government Ogun state. To achieve this, the under listed objectives were formulated. To investigate various types of surface water contaminants and their suitability, To identify the sources of industrial waste, To investigate the classification of water quality. To recommend the methods of water pollution and industrial waste control measures. To achieve these objectives, the instrument used for this study was based on questionnaire. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested. A sample size of six hundred (600) residents of Ado odo/ota comprising one hundred and fifty (150) from each of the fours towns of Ado-odo/ota .The study found that aquatics animals, abdominal problems, respiratory abnormalities arises from the polluted surface water. Based on the findings, suggestions were advance for the improvement for the health of the residents. Establishment of surface water quality criteria and control standard.Agricultural, industrial or urban development should be undertaken on the basis of plan. To protect water from being polluted, facilities for monitoring and all authorities involves with the management of waste must effect the punishment on the industries, people that fails to comply with the law of waste management under the supervision of federal environmental protection Agency at every stage.
1.1 Background to the Study
Water is a primary necessity of life, and in its absence man will survive for a few hour or days. Water is probably the body’s most essential requirement, we can survive without air for only few minutes and without water perhaps few days. It contributes in a variety of ways to the enjoyment, safety and progress of human existence. The body is composed of about 60 percent water which is essential for digestive process, blood circulation, and excretion. (Evans, 1999)
Godman (2000) opined that, water is made up of two volume of hydrogen and one volume of oxygen, the earth is a water planet and it’s the abundant of this unique liquid that has made life possible on earth. Water has numerous physical, chemical and biological uses, and it could be used most efficiently when is in its purest form. Three quarter of the planet earth is sea, but about one third of the populations have no access to wholesome water.
Water pollution due to discharge of untreated industrial effluents into water bodies is a major problem in the global context. Mathuthu, Mwanga, and Simoro (2007). The problem of water pollution is being experienced by both developing and developed countries. Human activities give rise to water pollution by introducing various categories of substances or waste into a water body. The more common types of polluting substances include pathogenic organisms, oxygen demanding organic substances, plant nutrients that stimulate all the blooms, inorganic and organic toxic substances (Cornish & Mensah, 2009).