AN ASSESSMENT OF THE PERFORMANCE OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISE IN NIGERIA A CASE STUDY OF NITEL (1985-2008). A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
It is because of social issues like economic inequalities, unemployment that made the state to interfere in economy of Nigeria. Government chose public sector as a means or medium for economic and social development due to poor managerial skill, weak technological base etc, this enhanced the zeal to establish various enterprise institutions in Nigeria. Then, due to inadequate capital and lack of finance, public enterprises such as NITEL has been confronted with many problems by the employees, managers and political interference in affairs of NITEL. The project title is An Assessment of the Performance of Public Enterprise in Nigeria: A case study of Nigeria telecommunication. The problems are; is political interference and mismanagement of resources responsible for the poor performance of the public enterprises. Could management problems in Nigeria enhance the efficiency of public enterprises? Structural-functional theory is used as suitable framework of analysis for the public enterprises. The researcher reviewed some relevant textbooks, also used the secondly method of data collection. He found out that privatization is seen as means to harness economy or as measure to increase efficiency of the public sector or organization. Also, these has improved the potential, the efficiency and service delivery in Nigeria by making telecommunication easily accessible and affordable. These are the recommendations; as the privatization is in the hands of few individuals government should ensure that before granting the license or opportunity, they should examine and select the competent people who will handle private enterprises and not people of questionable character. The only thing left is for government to hands – off from those enterprises as advocated in the current or present exercises.
1.1 Background of the Study
The importance for the establishment of public enterprises or corporations was felt in 19th Century and there after. There were a lot of upheavals in European society because of industrialization and urbanization. Social issues like unemployment and economic inequalities necessitated state intervention in economies. Britain is widely referred to as the father of public enterprises.
A good number of African Countries chose the public sector for economic and social development. This account for the reason why many more functions like industrial production, transport, social services, communication etc were assigned to the state in addition to its traditional functions like security, justice etc.