IMAMSHIP IN IKOTUN-ILE OYUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE

ABSTRACT

Islam is a religion and a way of life for the Muslims, it consist of worship of the creator and goodness to others to ensure a just society for all. Salat is a very important duty in Islam as it distinguishes Muslims from others. It is an institution of the Muslim congregation in a locality with the Imam as the head and Mosque as his office. Nonetheless, it is on this background therefore that this research aims at discussing the institution of Imamship in Ikotun-Ile Town Central Mosque with a view to (i) Examine the concept of Imamship in Islam (ii) Document the historical origin of Ikotun-Ile (iii) Identify the pattern adopted in Ikotun-Ile to appoint leaders. (iv) Assess the contributions of earlier Muslim to the spread of Islam in Ikotun-Ile (v) Give the historical account of Imamship in Ikotun-Ile town Central Mosque (vi) Highlight the problems encountered by earlier Muslims in Ikotun-Ile. The study has adopted historical and descriptive methods of research. The historical method has assisted in rendering the historical account of Ikotun-Ile town as well as the contribution of the earlier Muslim in Ikotun to the spread of Islam. While the descriptive method has helped in describing the past and present activities such as the methods of appointing Imam in Ikotun Central Mosque as well as the duties and functional roles of Imams in Ikotun Central Mosque. The major findings of the study were: (i) Most of our present day Imams are easily brought over when it comes to monitory matter owing to the fact that they are not placed on regular salaries. (ii) People seek for the position of Imamship using all means possible because of its attractiveness and respect. (iii) In some places, the position of Imamship is based on blood relationship or hereditary. (iv) Some people have inordinate ambitions that lead then to resort to evil ways in their bid to actualize their dreams of being an Imam. The study therefore concluded by recommending that our present day Imams should emulate the deeds and good character of the Prophet and most of the scholars should join hand in condemning the in ordinate ambition of those people who resort to evil ways in their bids to actualize their dreams of being an Imam.       

CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

The compatibility of Islam to humanity covers every aspect of human endeavors, political, social, economical and spiritual life. Islam is a universal religion followed by over one and half billion people living in different areas of the world.1 The teachings of Islam seek to protect people from harm and mischief and serve their interest through the effective use of given resources.

These objectives must be achieved within the framework of justice dignity, and benevolence. The teaching of Islam provide a philosophy and a plane for people to live by. This research work intends to affirm the fact that Imamship is inevitable in any given situation where ritual prayer (Salat) is observed between two or more believers. In this sense, the institution of Imamship in Ikotun-Ile Town Kwara State forms the basis of this research. This is because the institution of Imamship in Ikotun-Ile town among others is worthy of emulation for any society which intends to discuss this reputation of the faithfuls.

In the same vein, this research emphasizes the significance of Imamship in Islam because on the Day of Accountability, every individual will be summoned with their Imams. Allah says:

يَوۡمَ نَدۡعُواْ كُلَّ أُنَاسِۢ بِإِمَٰمِهِمۡۖ فَمَنۡ أُوتِيَ كِتَٰبَهُۥ بِيَمِينِهِۦ فَأُوْلَٰٓئِكَ يَقۡرَءُونَ كِتَٰبَهُمۡ وَلَا يُظۡلَمُونَ فَتِيلٗا ٧١

(And remember) the Day when we shall call together all human beings with their Imams so: wherever is given his record in his right hand, such will unjustly in the least.2 (Qur’an, 17:71).

The above injunction reveals that we are all going to be accountable for all our deeds, behind our leaders.

IMAMSHIP IN IKOTUN-ILE OYUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE

THE PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE MORAL DECENCY OF MUSLIM UMMAH OF FCT COLLEGE OF EDUCATION ZUBA CAMPUS

CHAPTER ONE:

1.0   INTRODUCTION

The concept commonly concerned with Muslim women, with having number of Muslim wearing Hijab today is not only obligatory on marriage women but including female’s students. However Hijab has many advantages (putting it) and disadvantages (not putting it), the most important of Hijab is manifestation of believe and obedient to Allah (SWA) mentioned in the holy Qur’an Surah An-Nour (24:31).

1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:

All praises are due to Allah the Lord of the World the most merciful, most beneficent and the master of the Day of Judgment Oh Allah! Have your Salat and Salam (peace) and blessing upon your slave and messenger Muhammad (SAW) and His entire companions.

Islam as a completes religion provides for all situations and time. One of the fundamental things which human being needs is a protection for his or her integrity and ensuring decency, here is not in the context of what man assumes to be decent but in the context of what Allah the creator of man stated clearly to be decent and objectives in all your Endeavour’s (He does and don’t only be approved by Almighty Allah but not for His own desire) because following ones desire lead one to the wrong path.

Extraordinary consideration has been given by the Islamic law to Women affairs such consideration is sufficient to protect her chastity to honour her and to ensure her position in life. The “restriction” placed upon her, regarding her dress and display of beauty and ornament is only to guard against all her ways of corruption arising from such displays, what Islam has established is not a restriction on the freedom of women but is a firm protection for her firm falling down to lowest levels of humility.

In this research, we mention the virtues of Hijab and critically examined it as an aspect of this protection: the Hijab, the characteristics of the Hijab are discussed, bringing the glad tidings promised (by Allah) to those women adhering to it. We also point out the danger of dazzling displays of ornaments and beauty as well the terrible repercussion in this life and in the hereafter for those who practice the opposite.

1.2  HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CASE STUDY (ZUBA) IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL.

Zuba is the northern gate way to the Federal Capital Territory. Zuba is a ward in Gwagwalada Area Council which was created on the 1st 08 1984 in which before the creation of Federal Capital Territory Gwagwalada was under then Kwali district of the former Abuja emirate now Suleja emirate.

Zuba is located at about 22m (or 35km) west at Abuja the country’s capital town and is located at an elevation of 432 meters above sea level and its population amounts to 536,068. Its coordinate are 9o5, 47 N and 7 o 12, 46” B in DMS (Degree minute second) or 9.09639 and 7.21278 in decimal degree it UTM position is LROO and its joint operation graphied reference is NC 32-09 and the standard time zone for Zuba is UTC Grath in 2015 DST starts on and ends on the populated place in the city, which we have building where people live and work.

Zuba shares it boundary with madalla (Niger) to the North West and Tunga-maje to the south in Gwagwalada Area Council. Zuba is located in Guinea Savanna and is characterized by two seasons, namely Rain season and dry season, the rain season start by March/April and end November while dry season commence November/December to March.

Furthermore the socio-economic and political condition of the area makes the inhabitant most specializing in food crops such as maize, guinea corn and yam etc.

The main town as serve as hast or home to College of Education which makes Zuba popular in the middle belt of the country commercial activities such as spare parts market, Banks, Fuel station and items small scale business are also found in Zuba.

1.3    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

  1. What is the moral aspect of putting on Hijab by Muslim Woman?
  2. What is the effect of not putting on Hijab as a Muslim Woman?
  3. Does Hijab only applicable to marriage Muslim woman?

1.4     PURPOSE OF THE STUDY.

Then purpose of this study is to identify the problems associated with the moral decency of Muslim Ummah of FCT College of Education Zuba Campus.

The study is planned specifically to achieved the following

  1. Acquaint the people about the prescribed moral value of Hijab in Islam in accordance to the Qur’an and Hadith.
  2. Identify the prevalent causes of immorality particularly the manner of dressing without the Hijab.
  3. Identify the effects of such manners to the Muslim Ummah.
  4. Proffer solution to help solves the problems.
THE PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE MORAL DECENCY OF MUSLIM UMMAH OF FCT COLLEGE OF EDUCATION ZUBA CAMPUS