INVESTIGATION INTO THE PROBLEM FACING THE MARKETING OF POULTRY EGG PRODUCTION . A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
The need to identify the problems facing the marketing of poultry eff in Oredo Local government Area of Edo State with a view to making appropriate suggestions towards its improvement necessitate this study. The investigation was conducted between December, 2011 to May, 2012 using ten randomly selected wards, questionnaires were administered to 4 (Four) poultry used to analyze that information received. Analysis of data indicates a very bright and future prospect for the marketing of poultry products in the local government areas. Problems of inadequate qualified personnel, diseases, lack of good road and transportation, high cost of feeds, lack of finance to start commercial poultry business, lack of good education such which leads to modern system of poultry production were identified as the major obstacles to the growth of marketing poultry products in the area. Consequently, intensification of extension service, provision of subsidies for good breeds of birds establishment of a ventinary clinic provision of transportation etc. are strongly recommended to save the poultry markets from imminent collapse in the area of study.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Poultry refers to all domesticated birds kept for meat and eggs production. Eggs and poultry meat are produced primarily for food consumption. Eggs are also used in various food industries like the manufacturing of confectionary (i.e. sweet chocolate cakes etc.). They are also used for the manufacturing of cosmetics of infection diseases while the feathers may be used for making pillows and mattresses. Some species of poultry are suitable for genetic nutritional and physiological studies because of their relatively low cost of maintenance, proliferation (a rapid growth or increase in numbers) and short generation intervals. In the earlier time, the keeping of poultry were not being considered as a major occupation; that is birds were kept to obtain some money and in most cases for pleasure and pastime cock figliting. In some areas or communities, fowls are still used in the past as a means of knowing what times of day, most especially the cock (i.e. male fowl). Poultry farming started those days when our local farmers used the old and extensive method in keeping fowls, goats, sheep, pig and other related domestic animals proved that the poultry section was a profitable venture too. Gradually, poultry keeping developed into a commercial enterprise involving thousands of birds, large poultry units, replace small ones while more efficient strains of birds, balanced feeds, intensive housing and better poultry equipment come into use. All these industrialized system of keeping poultry birds in a recent development in Edo state as in most humid tropical countries.