“THE IMPACT OF CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA PRUDENTIAL GUIDELINES ON THE FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF LICENSED: A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC AND UNION BANK OF NIGERIA PLC”. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON BANKING AND FINANCE
The prudential guidelines for licensed banks which are based on globa banking standards, imposed far-reaching requirements in the classification of risk assets and provision for bad and doubtful debts. Since its introduction in November 1990 the implementation of the guidelines has had a profound impact on the operations of banks.
In this project, the researcher has succeeded in identifying the features of the prudential guidelines as well as its impact on published financial statements of commercial banks in Nigeria.
Published financial statement of the banks for the period of 1990 that is, the inception of prudential guidelines were examined and with that of the period 1994-1998 the prudential guidelines period.
Both primary and secondary sources of data were used in the course of the research.
Two hypothesis were tested using chi-square test.
The research work revealed that:-
(1) The net profit position of commercial banks in Nigeria have been significantly altered since the implementation of the prudential guidelines.
(2) The provision for bad and doubtful debts of commercial banks in Nigeria have significantly increased since the implementation of the prudential guidelines.
The exercise was concluded with suggestion for further study which include:-
(1) further research be conducted to ascertain the impact of the prudential guidelines on the overall activities of all licensed banks in Nigeria.
(2) Further research be carried out on the central bank of Nigeria monitoring implementation measures concerning banks and non-banks financial institutions in Nigeria.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Before the introduction of the prudential guidelines, according to CBN circular (1990) some banks were used to declaring huge but unrealized profit, otherwise referred to as “paper profit”.
(a) Did profit figures of the selected commercial banks decrease significantly post prudential guidelines?
(b) Did provision for bad and doubtful debts increase significantly under prudential guidelines?
1.2 RATIONAL OF THE STUDY
According to Olufun (1991) prudential guidelines seeks to infuse sanity into the chaotic banking industry.
Before the introduction of the guidelines most banks were used to declaring what is known as “paper profit “ and off – balance sheet, engagement ceased to form part of the majority commercial banks balance sheet totals. The guide line will assist banks in improving the assessment of their credit performance as well as providing banks supervisors and auditors with enhanced assessment criteria for adequate capital provision for the protection of the banks. Strict observation of prudential rules by banks contribute towards the efficiency of monetary policy.