STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF REPORTED CASES OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN IMO STATE (2005-2011)
This project is to determine the level and rate of road traffic accidents in Imo state Data from Federal Road Safety Commission was used to find out the prevalence of Road Traffic Accidents over a years period (2005-2011) and to know if there were any dedication to be made.It was discovered that over the selected period of study, the number of road traffic accidents that occurred within each year did not follow any significant trend. The trend equation is y=a + bt, based on the equation the projection for 4th quarter of 2007 will be 132.6319. Also the season noticed that majority of the road users that involved in road traffic accidents were on motorcycle. It was noticed also that on the whole, more males were victims of road traffic accidents than females.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Approval Page ii
Table of contents vii
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
- Introduction 1
1.1 Statement of the Problem 2
- Objectives of the Study 2
- Scope of the study 3
- Significance of the study 4
- Causes of road traffic accidents 5
- Effects of road traffic accidents 7
- Defintion of terms 9
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW
- Introduction 11
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND
3.0 Research methodology 15
3.1 Sources of data used 15
CHAPTER FOUR ANALYSIS OF DATA
- Introduction 25
4.1 Method of data analysis 25
CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY , CONCLUSION AND
5.0 Summary , Conclusion and recommendation 31
5.1 Summary 32
5.3 Recommendations 34
5.3 Conclusions 35
The incidence of road traffic accidents is raising world wide. Road traffic accidents, like all other forms of accidents, are unplanned, however those involved are the roads user viz; pedestrians, cyclists and motorists, therefore, the factors include the man the vehicle and the road, the outcome of road traffic accidents may vary from meld injuries and bruises to loss of life in extreme cases depending on the group of road users involved.
Alcohol and drugs intoxication accounts for large proportion of road traffic accidents world wide. In the developing world, roads are poorly built and maintained as a result the roads have become death traps, vehicles are also poorly maintained due to poverty, ignorance and corruption.
In recent times, the rate of road traffic accidents seems to be on the increase especially in the urban areas, one begins to question why this is so and if possible, come up with suggestions to alleviate this growing problem that constitutes a drain to the economy through loose of manpower.
- STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
May people worry about the increasing rate of road traffic accidents on our roads in Imo state. However, there has not been a clear statement as to the trend in the accidents.
1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
- To determine the area of imo state with the highest prevalence of road traffic accidents
- To determine the age group mostly involved in road traffic accident
- To determine the causes and effects of road traffic accidents
- To determine the significant linear relationship between periods and rate of accidents occurrence over the selected year of study
- To determine the significant linear association between periods and the rate of accidents. Occurrence over the selected year of study.
1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
To obtain the data needed for my study over the selected. Year of study, that is from (2005-2011).
The General Hospital in Owerri, federal medical center as well as some hospital. That specializes in trauma, especially due to road traffic accidents, this is because as I learnt that most other hospitals to not receive road traffic accidents cases, especially those that involve the police,
Also data required for my study will be obtained from police records, road safety commission files as well as the federal office of statistics (FOS) annual report. For literature review, data from magazines, journals, Newspapers, the internet and past work of others will be used.
The factors of accidents being man, vehicle and road, the main focus of this study will be to find out, the commonest factor that causes accidents, or the pedestrian? This study will also find out ages of these victims, their sexes, so as to draw appropriate statistical method to illustrating relationship or significant findings.