1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The Background of this study is on the Institute of Management and Technology, Enugu, Enugu state which is made up of students. Academic staff (lectures and non-academic staff. It is aimed at finding the effect on the morale of the still employed workforce, that is of the moral of the workers is still low or if they feel threatened and if they have become more productive. This research work was prompted by the way workers have been retrenched for the past years in institutes of higher learning. Human beings have often been accused of being lazy and having poor attitude to work as shown in McGregor’s assumption theory of X. In this theory, McGregor assumed that the average human being doesn’t like working and would want to avoid it if possible, as a result, he would have to be controlled, threatened with punishment before he can put in effort to achieve some organizational objectives. McGregor want on to say that a human being wished to be directed and controlled in his now ambition and above all he wants security. This research work would want to find out if the above claimed reasons for retrenchment of workers were the true reasons for these actions or is McGregor’s assumption (i.e laziness and poor attitude to work) were the real reasons or a combination of the two sets of behaviour led to the retrenchment of workers in the institute of Management and Technology, Enugu.
The premise of retrenchment is in part to reduce the number of workers employed by the organization. Retrenchment raises a number of other issues besides cost savings. Retrenchment in reality is hitting all levels of employees. One employee today is expected to produce what three employees once did, (Bentley, 1986). Possible reasons for retrenchment in most business organizations include feeling overstaffed, non compliance and changing market place. Retrenchment is therefore a measure for them to survive.
DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIALS
RETRENCHMENT AND ITS EFFECT ON THE MORALE OF WORKERS