RURAL DEVELOPMENT – A MEANS OF COMBATING RURAL – URBAN MIGRATION. (A CASE STUDY OF NJIKOKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Nigeria rural masses constitute the main nucleus Wherever the rural sector is mentioned, it leads to that backward areas of the nation.
This stems that cover rural areas are insignificant attention in the various development policies of the government. This most development polices of the government are urban – oriented, which resemble in many ways those of the white. That is our colonialists. As a result of this, the rural dwellers hare been subjected to object of neglect by successive regimes in Nigeria in the previous years. It is under this democratically government that little attention is being given to the rural areas. In a not shell, the rural dwellers hare poor road net work and other economic and social defects.
The discussion will base on the back ground of rural urban distils, its causes and effects and recommendation on recreating a more balanced society and forestalling the on – going lop –sided migration.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.
Nigeria, as one of countries in the African continent, site has an over all area of about 913072.64km and population 100 million people at present. Most of the area in developing countries, the population is predominately rural, about 34.12 percent of the total population one currently living in the urban areas. According to the economic and social static’s bulletin tin in the federal office of statistics 1985, in 163, 81 percent of Nigeria were living in the rural areas and by 1973 the percentage had reduced to 71 percent and in 1983 it was 68.88 percent. This shows that Nigerians rural masses constitute the main nucleus of the population.
Beside, they are not only substantial proportion of the nations manpower needs, but form the base upon which an industrial and technological growth, hoes and aspiration me built. They are principle determinates of the election future aspiration and office – holders.
However despite their indispensable role in the progress of the nation their standard of bring one on better than that of a second – class citizen.
Abject neglect by successful, adequate attention is not being gives to the rural areas development.
This means that most of the problems encounter by the rural dweller has not be given adequate attention and all those has turned them into mondervants which one often miskalves and even misunderstood diseases dovonright poverty have to an external berepteam of almost all the essence of bring.