PERCEIVED EFFECT OF SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL TECHNIQUES ON HEALTH STATUS OF COMMUNITY RESIDENTS
The study assessed the perceived effects of solid waste disposal techniques on health status of residents in Igando Local Government Area. Four (4) Local Communities Development Area Ifeoluwa, Banjo, Feyintola and Oduduwa The descriptive research method was used in carrying out the study. The population for the study was people within the age bracket between 18-50 and above (male and female) in Igando Local Government Area of Lagos state which constitutes a total number of 4,640. The sample size comprised 464 individuals within the age bracket between 18-50 and above who reside in four communities in Igando. Data collection was done with a 20 item validated questionnaire .Descriptive survey method was used for the study. Data analysis was done using the descriptive statistics of percentages, frequency table, mean standard deviation and pearson product moment correlation. The result shows that improper solid waste disposal techniques can lead to outbreak of diseases and other hazards, respondents with grand mean of3.1940 within the age range of 18-50years and above agreed that proper management of solid waste can promote healthy living. This statistics shows that majority of the residents of Igando Local Government Area are fully aware about the consequences of indiscrimate waste disposal. The vast majority of the respondents with grand means 2.7823 agreed that open dump method of solid waste disposal is not environmental friendly which implies that open dump can lead to Land, water, and air pollution with its negative impacts on the health of the residents. In conclusion, people attitude to waste management can be improved upon if the government, waste management agencies in the area can embark on periodic campign and other forms of sensitization programs. More also all hands must be on deck for proper waste management in the interest of members of the public.
The recommendations are as follows;
– Bye-Laws should be enacted
– Public enlightenment program should be embark upon.
Solid waste disposal is both urban and rural problem. Every person is a potential generator of waste and this is a contributor to this problem. To generate waste is one thing, the type of waste generated is another and also the way the generated waste is managed or disposed of is quite a different issue. It has more often than not turned out that the rate at which solid waste is generated is far higher than the capacity to responsibly manage this waste. Waste is generated by, and from different sectors, domestic, commercial, industry and others and in many instances; the waste management responsibility has been left to the government or administrative authorities. There is growing consensus that the immediate stakeholders in the issue of solid waste (the generators of waste), in this case the authorities is dealing with this problem that has far-reaching environmental and human health effects.
Solid waste refers to municipal waste from domestic, commercial, institutions and industrial sources but excluding excreta, except when it mixed with solid waste. It is however necessary to note that in developing countries many a times it becomes difficult or even impractical to put a line between excreta and solid waste. In many instances, solid waste mixed with excreta is potentially dangerous to human and animals’ health. Levine & Coed (2004).