In respect of the research work “the impact of motivation on employees attitudes to work”. A case study of Union bank of Nigeria Plc.
The study of this project is divided into four chapters which the first chapter focused on the introductory aspect, discussing relevant section such as statement of research problem, importance of the study, the objective and limitation of the study.
Chapter Two focused on the review of various efforts and works carried out by individuals and corporate to the study.
In Chapter Three, the research methodology used for the project work full discussed questionnaires were used to gather more information and also brief history of the organization under study as well as its organization structure.
In Chapter Four, the research data analysis and presentation. It explains socio-economic characteristics, data analysis and test of hypothesis. While the Recommendations are much made and Conclusion drawn in Chapter Five.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of Content vii-ix
1.0 Background of the Study 1-2
- Introduction 2-4
- Statement of the Problems 4-7
- Objective of the Study 7-8
- Significance of the Study 8-9
- Plan of the Study 9-12
- Historical Background of the case Study: History of Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin. 13-17
- Definition of Key Terms 18-19
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0 Literature Review 20-21
2.1 Motivation Theories 22-25
2.2 Maslow’s Need: Hierarchy Theories 26
2.3 Two Factors Theory 27-28
2.4 Theories ‘X’ and ‘Y’ DOUGLAS M.C Gregory’s 1960 28-29
2.5 Motivation Factors 30-38
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.0 Research Methodology 39
3.1 Sources of Data and Information 40
3.2 Method of Data Collection 41
3.3 Research Problems 42-44
3.4 Project Questionnaires 45-47
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS
4.0 Data Analysis 48
4.1 Data Presentation 49-57
4.2 Motivation Techniques Used By Kwara State Polytechnic
4.3 How Motivation Helps Productivity In Kwara State
Polytechnic, Ilorin. 61-64
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.0 Summary of Findings 65-67
5.1 Conclusion 67-68
5.2 Recommendations 68-69
- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Although there is general agreement among psychologists that man experiences a variety of needs is considerable disagreement as to what this needs are and their relative importance.
There has been a number of attempts to present models of motivation which list a specific number of motivating needs with so many implications that, the list are all inclusive and represent the total picture of needs.
All organizations is concerned with what should be done to achieve sustained high level of performance through people. Consequently, the subject of motivation of workers as derived from the attempt made by management practitioner is to look for the best way to manage so as to accomplish an objective or mission with the least inputs of materials and human resources available. A lot of theoretical concept, principles and evolved in response to these challenges.
In general, management authors view motivation as a key component of the managerial function of leading or directing. However, leading or leadership style, although an important factor in determining the attitude of employees towards assigned job, responsibilities is not the only determinant, other management functions such as planning, controlling, staffing and organizing also play a vital role. In any serious and competitive society, workers are one of the tools for economic progress in which their interface must be taken into serious consideration because without work force, an organization crumbles.
The term “work attitude” refers to effective orientation on the part of individual towards work roles, which they perform in their respective work place. Work attitude could also be referred to as the way an individual feels about his or her work and organization as an entity. It is either the job is pleasant good and satisfying or the job is unpleasant and brings no satisfaction. In general sense, attitude are characterized and usually a long lasting way of feeling and thinking. In fact, behavior of an individual is a reflection of his or her attitude towards a given objective.
In an organization, employees develop a favorable or positive work attitude whenever their desires are fulfilled. They equally develop unfavorable or negative work attitude whenever their desires are not fulfilled. Such situations, which includes poor job performance, hostility, nonchalant attitude in work situation, lack of commitment, inefficiency, strike and other unpleasant behavior.
(Nigeria) reward system is probably the poorest in the entire globe where an
average take home of the worker is put at
per month, workers are harassed, treated, offended and discarded without an
appreciation for their contribution to their organization and to the society at
If workers are discontented or dissatisfied with their job, this would cause an overall decline in their effectiveness of the organization. It is therefore apparent that the issues of adequate motivation of workers have relevance in managerial function and activities that are aimed at directing the productive effort of the work towards achieving organizational goals.
How can we create situation in which employees can satisfy their individual needs while at the same time working towards this goals of the organization. Various devices have been adopted to answer this question and to make people work hard, but they do not seem to be very satisfactory, unless forms of motivation are aroused as well.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The management of most organizations have often emphasized motivation as the main determinant of employees work attitude. For example, why do people behave the way they do work situation? What induce workers to put in their best? Question such as these are concerned with the motivation of people at work and this has for long fascinated researcher today, they are pressing concerns for managers.
When employees develop an attitude of strong commitment to work, it is an essential component to the success and survival of an organization. Unfortunately most managers of organizations are faced with the problem of how to effectively motivate their employees towards developing work attitude. Motivation has been an important part of human resources management. Even since motion studies i.e Haw-throne studies, when it was taught that an organization correlation exists between satisfaction and performance. It was assumed that management could improve performance simply by motivating their workers through pleasant working condition or incentive i.e. adequate reward and the likes.
Although, organizational researchers and industries psychologists have done much work on the impact of motivation on employees attitude to work. It is this research that management can satisfy the needs for their employees while at the same time accomplish their aims and objectives of the organization.
- PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
It is true that there are numerous factors for employees work attitudes. However, it is not enough for intending managers to know these factors but to actually understand the relationship between these as they influence employees work attitude. The specific objectives of the study include:
- To examine the impact of motivation on employee attitude to work
- To provide insight into the casual factors responsible for difference in employees work behavior and performance in organization.
- To determine how these factors actually influence or shape work attitude
- To determine the relationship between motivational and high productivity.
- To suggest measure for achieving positive attitude to work among employees in an organization.