ANALYSIS OF THE STRATEGIES FOR EMPLOYMENT GENERATION IN NIGERIA
This research work titled “Analysis of the Strategies for Employment Generation in Nigeria’’ was conducted to identify the causes of unemployment in Nigeria, to find out the impact of unemployment in Nigeria, to also analyze strategies for employment generation in Nigeria. The research work also aimed at proffering reliable solution to the problems of unemployment in Nigeria. The sample size of this research work consists of about 89 personnel. The result of the analysis showed that government effort towards job creation is not encouraging. Based on the findings, it was recommended that all agencies at all levels of government should be involved in job creation, the government in collaboration with private sector should develop programmes to link education and training to employment. Youth empowerment being one of the transformation agenda of President Goodluck Jonathan should be implemented for prosperous Nigeria.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The term unemployment came to be known as far back as man realize that he cannot always produce all that he needs and therefore, must have to depend on others to satisfy his needs.
However, as human civilization progressed from one stage to another, the need of individual also increased from one level to another.
Human history shows that the society has been witnessing transition from one socio-economic system to another such as feudalism, capitalism, socialism and communalism. While the process of transition is in varying degree from one society to another, it is never absent in any society.
Any socio-economic system being practiced in any society has its own implications on employment. This is why most early writers on the concept of employment came from capitalist countries and their works are dated back to industrial revolution period in the 17th century.
Another prominent author that has done extensive work concerning employment is Keynes (1936). He was motivated to write as a result of the world economic crisis of 1930’s i.e. economic depression which affected the capitalist countries greatly and resulted in alarming rate of unemployment.
His general theory of unemployment, interest and money later came to be known as ‘’Keynesian Theory’’ which is still widely in use of till date.
In Nigeria, the history of employment as a public problem is dated back to the pre-independent era but reach its peak after independence as a result of hopes brought by independence.
Contemporary writers in Nigeria pay little attention to issues of unemployment. Since the discovery of oil in commercial quantity, the focus of Nigeria writers nosedive as a result of oil discovery which has resulted to their write-ups being focused on issues concerning oil such as derivation formula, oil spillage etc. most employment generation policies adopted by Nigeria government are more camouflage than plan with intent purpose to solve the problem on ground.
This is the reason for the failure of these policies and this is responsible for continuous increase in the unemployment rate in most Nigeria cities like Lokoja, Kano, Lagos and Abuja. Where the spill over effect in unemployment such as social vices (i.e armed robbery, 419 activities, prostitutions, child labour, human trafficking etc) and crimes are on the increase
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The lackadaisical attitude exhibited by the government towards the problems of unemployment has worsened the crime situation in Nigeria. As the effort of government is not encouraging in addition, the multiplier effects of unemployment can never be fully mentioned and explained in this research work as the list seems to be exhaustive. This is because problems are not being properly handled by government in Nigeria over the years. This research work hopes to bring out ways in which solution to this scourge of unemployment can help tremendously in solving the problem.