The study reported herein was carried out to identify the impart of industrial training to the training of students secretarial with particular reference to the institute of management and Technology Enugu, Enugu State.

The study treated the background, statement of problems, purpose and objectives, scope and delimitation, significance and general research question parting to the study.

Matters related to the study were review and questionnaires were used collection of data.  Tables and simple percentages were used in the presentation and analysis of data.  Finally, the findings were discussed, summarized and conclusion and recommendation made so.

From the study, it has proved from available the following:
1.    Students were given practical training during SIWES
2.    The student could perform better after graduating if their receive adequate work experience from the industries during their one year industrial training.
3.    if employers will accept and provide students with any available machines and equipment, the students will be able to carry out their duties effectively.
4.    It was discovered that students are not adequately supervised during their industrial training.
5.    Some students drop t work after their I T than going back to school.

To solve the problems identified in this study, the following recommendation were made.
1.    The ITF should make the students to understand the concepts of SIWES.
2.    Employers should accept and provide students with facilities necessary for meaningful industrial experiences
3.    Institution should organization proper supervision and assign every supervisor to a number of students who are under going the training in one state or town.
4.    Effects should be made to study carefully the objectives and relevance of SIWES in conjunction in with the students needs interest and aspiration (socially and academically as future builders the nation and nation’s manpower requirements.  In order to come up with a mere meaningful education plan)

Conclusively, student industrial work experience scheme creates a great impact on students performance in the labour market.




This report comprises of my practical experience during my six (6) months SIWES, which consist of three chapters.

Chapter One

Outline the introduction, aim and objectives of the SIWES and scope of the report.

Chapter Two

Dealt with Reinforced Concrete Drainage Construction processes.

It also include problem encountered, proffered solutions and experienced gained.

Chapter Three

Focus mainly on conclusion and recommendation.


Title page                                                                                                                 i

Certification                                                                                                 ii

Dedication                                                                                                       iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                  iv

Abstract                                                                                                v


  1. Objective of SIWES                                                                 1         
    1. Scope of report                                               2         


2.0       Industrial/Field experience                                   3

2.1       Project Task                                                                             3

2.1.1    Construction Stages                                                              3

2.1.2    Preparing the site                                                  3

2.1.3    Establishing of the points on ground                            4

2.1.4    Drainage excavation                         4

2.1.5    Reinforcement of the Drainage                                      5

2.1.6    Problems Encountered                                                          7

2.1.7    Benefits derived from the training                                    7


3.0       Conclusion and Recommendation                          8

3.1       Conclusion                                                          8

3.2       Recommendation                                                            8



The Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) slated for 6 months which is a requirement for the completion of my course of study, was undertaken at Kwara State Ministry of Works and Transport, Ilorin.  As a student attaché at Kwara State Ministry of Works and Transport, Ilorin, I was exposed to Engineering Practical activities which really bridged between the theories learnt in the classroom and the real world practical applications. I had the opportunity to make use of machines such as the Concrete mixing machine, the Excavator and reinforcement sizes etc.


  1. SIWES will provide students the opportunity to test their interest in a particular career before permanent commitments are made.
  2. SIWES students will develop skills in the application of theory to practical work situations.
  3. SIWES will provide students the opportunity to test their aptitude for a particular career before permanent commitments are made.
  4. SIWES students will develop skills and techniques directly applicable to their careers.
  5. SIWES will aid students in adjusting from college to full-time employment.
  6. SIWES will provide students the opportunity to develop attitudes conducive to effective interpersonal relationships.
  7. SIWES will increase a student’s sense of responsibility.
  8. SIWES students will be prepared to enter into full-time employment in their area of specialization upon graduation.
  9. SIWES students will acquire good work habits.
  10. SIWES students will develop employment records/references that will enhance employment opportunities.


The scope of work includes the following:

  1. Clearing and removal of topsoil and cuttings
  2. Filling with laterite from approved borrow pits
  3. Provide reinforced concrete drain of 0.75m by 0.6m
  4. Provide reinforced concrete slab (150mm thick)
  5. Provide and shape naturally occurring laterite material to a compacted thickness of 150mm sub-base  and base each




 During the period of six month of Industrial Training, I was involved in the construction unit of civil engineering.

I was posted to OSI-OBBO AYEGUNLE ROAD Construction, where I was involved in Earthwork, Construction of drainage.

2.1.1   construction stages

This is the phase that requires the most planning; this is because if you take your time when designing, the actual construction process will be a lot quicker and smoother. Planning at this stage tends to be more basic, they will be asking questions like; will this actually be feasible, or will it cost more than we have. The initial design for the project will be drawn by the Engineer who will have been given a brief of the client and will then from this brief begin design. After the surveyor investigation has been completed, the structural engineer designs for the reinforcement and grade of concrete to be used for the construction project. The structural engineer designs for the maximum loading envisaged that the pavement would carry and at the same time consider the cost of construction.




         This report gives a good account of training and experience which I was exposed during the student industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) at Nigeria Television Authority (NTA) Ilorin, Kwara state. This report comprises of seven chapters. Chapter one is about student industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) and about place of attachment. The chapter two is about studio, television studio, items in the studio and studio terminologies.

            Chapter three is about light use in production, types of light use in production. Chapter four is about the microphone and types of microphone. Chapter five is about the console the video camera. Chapter six is about copy editing and types of copy editing. Chapter seven is all about summary, recommendation, conclusion, problem encountered and possible solution.      


1.0              INTRODUCTION TO SIWE

       The student industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) can be defined as a technical skill and acquisition of knowledge from the organization, industrial sector. It also serves as a motive that compliments the learning which student have acquired in the classroom or theoretically.

      The student industrial work experience scheme is in practical fulfillment of TCS 210 of becoming a competent student in the field. It is a major work which is to expose student to the practical aspect of what they are been thought in class. During the course of study, I was posted to the programs department of the establishment.

1.1               BACKGROUND OF SIWES

The student industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) was established by ITF in 1973 to solve the problem of lack of adequate practical skill preparatory for employment in various industries by Nigerian graduates of tertiary institution.

      The purpose of the scheme is to expose student to different kinds of industrial based skills necessary for a smooth transition from classroom to the world of labor. It afford the student of tertiary institution the opportunity of being engaged, familiarized and expose to the needed experience in handling various kinds of equipment and machine which are usually not available in the educational environment or institution.

       However, participation in siwes has becomes a necessary pre-condition for the award of diploma in most institution of higher learning in the country, in accordance with the education policy of the government.      

1.2               OBJECTIVES OF SIWES

The objectives of the student industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) as a follow:

  •    It improves student’s knowledge about the industrial sector or organization.
  •    It enable the student to practicalised different test form what they have learnt theoretical in the classroom.
  •    It relates the student to the labor market and how it’s being operated.
  •     It also enlighten student to various division of industries or organization of work in which their course of study can be practicalised.
  •     It enable student to know more the technological innovation in course of study, and some equipment which are or involved.
  •     It enable student to know the practical aspect of chosen field of study.

 1.3     Description of the establishment of attachment.

The Nigeria Television Authority, Ilorin was established in 1977. Its maiden transmission of programmed was from Lagos via satellite.

 Between 1977 and date, the station has undergone tremendous changes which today have made it the toast of viewers and clients within and outside the state.

At present, the station has staff strength of ninety-one, headed by the General Manager T.R Gyang and it transmits 24 hours on weekdays.

Apart from contributing its quota in area of informing, educating and entreating it viewers, the station has produced several award winning programs in areas of drama transmission of programs from Lagos via satellite. The station had four transmitter stations and four link or relay station through which it was able to transmit to Kwara state, parts of Niger, Oyo, Ondo, Osun, Ekiti and Kogi state. NTA Ilorin hooks up with the NTA Network service to bring live news from all part of Nigeria and the world at large. The station has eihgt substantive General Mangers since its in caption in 1977.  Engr. D.J Awoniyi was the first General Manager and his tenure was between 1977 and 1981;Mrs Chief Peter O. Olowo was General Manager between 6th may 1982 and October 1990; Mr J.D Angulu was General between 1990 and 1994; Mrs Vicky was General Meneger between November between 1st July 1994 and October 1994; Mrs. Araba A. Vincent was General Manager between November 2000 and February2004; Prince Adebimpe Idowu was General Manager between 2004 and 2005; Mr Dayo Salaeu was Genral Manager between December 2005 and septermber 2008 whilst Chief Thomas R. Gyang is the present Incumbent. Under the NTA Ilorin, we have two local government stations that are NTA Ogbomoso and NTA Patigi. NTA Obgomoso is fully operational and NTA Patigi is yet to take off operationally.

The present management team of NTA Ilorin includes:

  • Chief T.R. Gyang _________________ General Manager.
  • T.A Olasehinsde __________________ General Manager.
  • Hajia Moriliat T.O Adamu____ Manager. Administration.
  • Yinka Ajayi _______ Manager News and Current. Affairs.
  • Taiye Ogunderin ____________ Manager programmes.
  • Yakubu G. Oladele ___________ Marketing Manager.
  • Samuel Osawu ____________ Chief Technical officer.
  • Engr. J.O Babajide ____Manager-In-Charge, NTA Patigi.
  • Mrs Remi Awolola ____ Manager-In-Charge, Ogbomoso.


    Although the idea of establishing a television station in kwara state was conceived as far back as 1971, some early teething problem did not make for its takeoff. Following a meeting in 1971 by a number of  journalists who are indigenes of the state with military Governor Lieutenant-colonel Lasisi Bamigboye, the idea of establishing a newspaper and television station was conceived both of which was considered necessary for the state.

      The then government gave its blessing to the immediate establishment of a newspaper, while accepting the idea of a television station in principle. The newspaper, known as “Nigeria Herald” started two years (1975) while feasibility studies for the television also started the same year. The change of Government in 1975 threatened the establishment of the station in Ilorin, but in view of the large sum of money already into the project, there could be no going back.

              The final indication that the project will eventually take-off early in February 1977 when adverts for workers in the proposed station were placed in the newspapers. In may 19 77,  Nigeria Television Authority Ilorin was finally given birth to, under the management of  kwara state Ministry of information, however automatically became one of the stations took over by the Nigeria Television Authority following the Federal Government’s order under General Olosegun Obasanjo military administration announcement in 1975 of it’s intention to take over all television in Nigeria. The Nigeria Television Authority was finally inaugurated in May 1977 but took effect from April 1978. By that degree the Nigeria Television Authority became the only body empowered to undertake television broadcasting in the country.