CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1
Background of the Study
technological advances have changed the way people go about their daily activities. Whether we are checking our e-mails or texting or sending messages with our phones, mobile communication is growing, and our ability to navigate the World Wide Web is improving dramatically. We use the internet to shop on-line, do banking transactions, book for our ight tickets and make payment on-line, check the weather, do research on any subject and connect with network. You may wonder what this has to do with public administration. As Internet usage grows, and the use of technology in general grows, so too does the use of technology and Internet by government (Onuigbo, 2015). The integration and adoption of electronic government (e-government) to provide services by government is rapidly gaining ground across the world.
E-government if properly used has the potential to empower people to overcome development obstacles, address social problems, and strengthen democratic institutions. However, for a country like Nigeria to gain from the benets of e-government, technology must be implemented and used eectively (Achimugu, Chukwurah & Ochala, 2013). E-governance, which is a paradigm shift over the traditional approaches in Public Administration, means rendering of government services and information to the public using electronic means. This new paradigm has brought about a revolution in the quality of service delivered to the citizens.
It has ushered in transparency in the governing process; saving of time due to provision of services through single window; simplication of procedures; better oce and record management; reduction in corruption; and improved attitude, behaviour and job handling capacity of the dealing personnel in the developed countries (Monga, 2008). In Nigeria, very little or nothing has been heard about government readiness to adopt e-government and therefore join the global trend of rendering eective and cost ecient services to the people on the on-line web platform. In this vein, Inedo (2008) revealed that Nigeria is just beginning to understand the importance of such a concept in governance.
Hence, Nigeria has a very poor e-government ranking. Nigeria according to him has an e-government index ranking of 0.243 as against the world average of 0.414, meaning it is yet to be positioned to harness the limitless opportunities available in e-government to reinvent governance that is accountable and transparent in its public revenue management (Achimugu, Chukwurah & Ochala, 2013). Owing hugely to widespread public demands for transparency in governance and the global outcry against corruption, accountability is now of serious concern in many countries including Nigeria. One of the critical issues dominating public sector management in Nigeria, as Addison (cited in Ejere, 2012) rightly observed, is lack of accountability and transparency.
THE EFFECT OF E-GOVERNANCE ON PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IN LAGOS STATE INLAND REVENUE SERVICE