TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page i
Table of content vi-vii
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research methodology
1.5 Research hypothesis
1.6 Scope of the study
1.7 Plan of the study
CHAPTER TWO: Literature review
2.1 Stock control, procedure and classification
2.2 Stock turnover requisition and store imprest
2.3 Basic for materials costing
2.4 Stock taking, reconciliation procedure and principle
2.5 Duties and responsibilities of store keepers
CHAPTER THREE Research Methodology
3.1 Research design
3.2 Area of the study
3.3 Population and sample frame
3.4 Instrument for the data collection
3.5 Method of data analysis
3.6 Limitation of study
CHAPTER FOUR: Data presentation and analysis
4.1 Presentation data
4.2 Analysis of data
CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and recommendation
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
A company is expected to maintain adequate stock of materials for a continuousness supply of raw materials to the factory for an interrupted production. It is not possible for accompany to procedures raw materials wherever it is needed and more so, finished goods manufactured by the company be sold at the same time. A time log exists between demand for materials and it supply.
The procurement of materials may be delayed because of some factor such as strike, transport, description and short supply e.t.c. Therefore, there is a need for a firm to maintain sufficient stock of raw materials at a given time to stream-line production. To maintain the concept and conservation of accounts the continuity of existence to adequate raw materials supply and materiality conservation in raw materials for economic purpose.
In managing inventory the firm objective should be constant with wealth maximum principle. To obtain or achieve this, the firm should be determining it optimum level of inventory. Sufficient inventory should be maintained neither excessive or in adequate.
The control of inventory and management of stock house in common with the other major branches of commercials and industrial work become specialist activities.
The store should be considered as a temporary location for materials needed for operation purpose and should be planed, organized and operate in such a way that the period of residence of each stock items is as short as possible, consist once with economic operational the only good. Reason for caring materials simply money sitting on a shelf, requiring pure money to be sent on its custody.
In general, if demand is steady or highly predictable we should store for very shorts period if at all when demand is highly unpredictable them storage for longer periods may be necessitated. There is no standard system of store keeping which can be universally recommended or applied but in the course of time, certain principle and practice of move less general application have been involve large sum of money of involved and it is essential to organized the stock management function so that the investment is kept to the maximum. From the stores points of view the most important thing is to keep quantities of economy goods in the appropriate and respective position and necessary record and transportation follows immediately shortage must be avoided or else production line will have to stop. At the same time too much must not be delivered or it will close up the warehouse and perhaps also the production areas, apart from the fact excess delivers will tie up move capital.
It is well known that most materials will deteriorate in store in the course of time and the fact that a building is provided for storage is in itself and acknowledge that some degree or production is required.
Stock are general term describing goods, which are held in storehouse and stockyards. The bulk of those goods is usually needed for these in connection with production or operating activity but the expression “Stock” also course finished product awaiting dispatch to customers, scraps and package held sending to suppliers. The store an important role in advisory on the quality of items to be stocked, provisioning and disposal of obsolete materials.
The store objectives of store function are:-
- To make available a balance flow of raw materials, component tools equipment and any other commodities necessary to meet operation requirements.
- To provide maintenance materials, spares and general storage of commodities in existence.
- To receive and issue work-in progress and finished product. Production is not completed until it reach final consumers.
- To accept and store scrap and other discarded materials as it arises.
For the efficient operation of the store system and for the achievement of the stated objectives. It is necessary for organization to have story stock control procedures. A great attention should be focused on the operation of the stores because of the general scarcity of materials, the higher cost of materials and equipments.
The rationable behind stock or inventory management or store function involved:-
- What to keep in store
- When to order those things
- What quality of them to order
Inmost factories store some very expensive items as well as some very cheap one, and use some perhaps once in a year. (In deciding what to store) while order may be required at a rate of nudged in a day. In deciding what to store, unit cost, rate of usage, lead-time deterioration obsolesce, stock facilities and capital must be taken the nature and needs of the organization it’s intended to save.