Apprenticeship training appears to be a perfect educational solution providing a clear way into the labour market. Its heavy emphasis on on-the-job training makes it a potentially attractive option for individuals who are not inclined toward the classroom and lecture hall-based instruction of higher institutions of learning. It is concerned with learning a specific skill under the tutelage of a master that gives no financial reward to the apprentice within the period the training lasts. Apprenticeship training and entrepreneurship development are the focus of this work. This first chapter is divided into the following sections; background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions, research hypothesis, scope and delimitation of the study, significance of the study, justification of the study, and operational definition of terms.
1.1 Background of the Study
The vast contributions of apprenticeship to jobs and skills have long been appreciated by nations eager to foster growth and make access to work for youths easier from their full-time education. Study shows that France and England have around 5% of youths between 16 and 24 years in apprenticeship and have made concerted efforts to expand the capacity (Cilpepper & Thelen, 2010). However, in recent times, positions offered by employers are inadequate to meet the huge demand from youths or to have much effect on the unemployment levels in these countries – the unemployment rate is presently about 20% for 15-24 year olds in both countries and even more in other European countries without apprenticeship trainings or provision (Steedman, 2011) Although, one can observe a positive relationship existing between apprenticeship and low levels of youth unemployment, it would also be wrong to view apprenticeship majorly as a ‘cure’ for high levels of youth unemployment. Apprenticeship is basically about skill development and trainings to the benefit of companies, their employees and the larger economy.
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THE ROLE OF APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (THE STUDY OF SURULERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE)