1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Rural development is one of the major problems facing ORLU Local Government in Imo State. Rural development helps in transformation of the rural part of the country. Reports in most media and personal investigation had tended to suggestion that women should be encouraged and map, for rural transformation should be established. This means that rural transformation is the priority of every rural part in the society. Therefore, rural development is a progressive improvement of the economic political and cultural conditions of communities through the combined effort of government and the people of the communities.
In our Nigerian today, the roles of women is very important; basically, they are the mother of all respective homes. And they play one of the major roles in educating of children in the family. That is why ORLU Local Government and the towns that make it up are trying to make bids that will give women a sustainable appreciation and acknowledgement in that area and these women also plays a role on enlightenment campaigns on government policies and forms a core of the mobilization. Which facilitate physical participation in local development project within the communities at large. All these effort are made toward publicizing the roles of women in the socio economic transformation of the entire society at large.
The pre colonial history of Umuowa in ORLU Local Government have it that, before the coming of the whites, rural development in ORLU Local Government was at low points because women were cast out of major event that is happening in that geographical area. Until the coming of the colonial masters in 1861 during the process of colonization, some privilege was given to women to participate in social activities such as western education etc. having received some power and authority through the teachings of colonial masters; they now participate in their own ways for the betterment of humans. From then, these women have embarked on numerous projects to mark development in Umuowa, like building of town hall, civil centers, health centers, and markets.
Without women in ORLU Local Government and Umuowa autonomous community, development there would have not been a successful one because they play a vital role in development of Umuowa and ORLU Local Government area.
The case study of this project shall focus on the activities and roles played by women in development of Umuowa in ORLU Local Government of Imo State.