FARM SETTLEMENT FOR IGOSUN COMMUNITY OYUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN KWARA STATE.

ABSTRACT

Agriculture has been the topmost priority of every successive administration Nigeria. This is due to the fact that the extent of development of a nation is also measured interims of the quality and quantity of food available to her people. Though the struggle at improving food status has been on course before intendance. It reminds us of 1959, when the western government grated agriculture land mark and sent a representative to Israel who brought the form settlement scheme modeled after the Israel Mosheim. As a result other regional government embraced the idea and established form settlement various part of their region. But due to the discovery of crude oil that led to the temporary abandonment of primary production of food by the government there was a negative attitude toward farming and rapid pursuit of quick money led to drastic drop in production, there Nigeria stated importing foods from developed countries which brought a great set back to over economy. The factor that led to the fall of farm facilities such as improper construction of residential, lack of maintains culture.  

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                            

Certification                                                         

Dedication                                                          

Acknowledgement                                                               

Table of content

List of table/ Figures /plate

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE

  1. Introduction  
    1. Background study
    1. Statement of problem/motivation/justification                                              
    1. Aim and objective of study                            
    1. Scope                                                           
    1. Limitation of the study  
    1. Expect Contribution to the body of knowledge                             
    1. Research methodology                                  
    1. Conclusion                                                     
    1. Literature Review

 Conclusion                                    

CHAPTER TWO

3.1   Case study one shonga farm centre                

3.2 History                                                                      

3.3 Site Location                                                      

  3.4 Case Study Two (Obasanjo Farm  Iseyin)                   

 3.5 Site Location                                                          

 3.6 Case Study Three(Obasanjo Farm  Ota) Site location                                                            

CHAPTER THREE

4.1 location analysis                                              

4.2 Site location                                                     

4.3 Site location criteria                                

4.4 Geographical /climate                                       

4.5 Conclusion                                                       

CHAPTER FOUR

5.1 Design criteria 

5.2 Brief analysis (client/ users requirement              

5.3 Conceptual development 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.4 construction methodology and materials       

6.1 Recommendations                                           

6.2 Summary 

Reference/ biography                                                    

CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

Farm Settlement is modern village where building were erected for farmer with different infrastructural amenities such electricity, school, Hospital for purpose of agriculture.

The board aim of farm settlement embraces all the productive occupations of man in which he works with nature s in order to make his plant and animal grow better , so that they may products, which he harvests.

A farmer plants his crops at the beginning of the rainy season and lets than grow with the rains, but  he may plant tree to check the fprce of the wind or build shed to protect his animals from harsh weather conditions, a farmer grows his plants and animals with the  express purposed of harvesting them. It is clean from the above that any treatment of farming should including growing crops and rearing livestock.  

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY       

Something collect the farm settlement Revolution, was the world’s first historically verifiable revolution in agriculture. It was the wide scale transition of many human cultures from a life style of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement which supported an increasingly large population.

However the revolution involved far more than the adoption of a limited set of food producing techniques during the next millennia it would Trans form the small and mobile groups of hunter gathers that had hither to dominate. Sedentary societies based in built up villages and towns, which radically modified their natural environment by means of specialized food crop cultivated (e.g. irrigation and food storage technologies that allowed expensive surplus food production.)

PROBLEM OF STATE FACING FARM SETTLEMENT

There are many problem facing farm settlement today’s world these problem include:

The migrations of young people which can leave the area in question with an ageing population, which can infect harm the area because the area can deteriorate without the input of new generations. Farm settlement.

In many farm settlement area, there is very high dependence of agriculture most of the terms as their main source of income and this can also be attributed to the low level of basic and manufacturing industry.

Finally a very important problem facing farm settlement is the lack of investment being put into these areas without investment many farms and business can die and this would leave the town community in an even worse states.

 MOTIVATION     

The motivation behind investment in research and development come from a commitment to the development of a world leading, sustainable and profitable aquaculture industry injecting in as well as the families commitment to the social and economic welfare of their community significant contribution rural sector investment.

It refined packaging developing an innovation and successful.

FARM SETTLEMENTFOR IGOSUN COMMUNITY OYUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN KWARA STATE.

PROJECT REPORTING ON PROPOSE MEDIUM SECURITY PRISON FOR LAFIAGI, KWARA STATE

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

          Prison is a place used for confinement of convicted criminals. Aside from the death penalty a sentence to prison is the harvest punishment imposed on criminals.

  Prisons are designed to house people who have broken the law and to move them from free society. In mates are locked away for a set period of time and have very limited freedom during their incarceration.

          Confinement in prison, also known as a correctional facility, is the punishment that courts most commonly impose for serious crimes, such as felonies for lesser crimes, courts usually Impose short-term incarceration in a jail, detention center, or similar facility.

          Confining criminals for long period of time as the primary form of punishment is a relatively new concept. Throughout history, various countries have imprisoned criminal offenders, but imprisonment was usually reserved for pre detention or punishment of petty criminals with a short term of confinement.

          Using long-term imprisonment as the primary punishment for convicted criminals began in the United States. In the late eighteenth century, the nonviolent quarters in Pennsylvania proposed long term confinement as an alternative to capital punishment. The Quakers stressed solitude, silence, rehabilitation, hard work, and religious faith. was originally intended not only as a punishment but an opportunity for renewal through religion.

          Modern prisons often hold hundreds or thousands of inmates, and must have facilities onsite to meet most of their needs, including dietary.

TYPES OF PRISONS

  1. Juvenile prison
  2. Minimum, medium and high security prison
  3. psychiatric prison
  4. military prison

THE CASE TYPES AND OFFENCES IN RESPECT TO PRISON TYPES.

  1. JUVENILE PRISON: an individual under the age of 18 is considered a juvenile. Any one who is not of a legal age is never locked up in a general prison with adults. They are instead placed in a facility that is designed exclusively for juveniles.
  2. MINIMUM SECURITY PRISON: minimum security prisons are usually reserved for white collar criminals who have committed acts such as embezzlement or fraud. Although these are serious crimes, they are non-violent in nature and therefore the perpetrators are not considered to be a risk for violence. These perpetrators are sent to facilitate that offer a dormitory type living environment, fewer guards and personal freedom.
  3. MEDIUM SECURITY PRISON: medium security prisons are the standard facilities used to house most criminals guards and a much more regimented daily routine than minimum security.
  4. HIGH SECURITY PRISON: high security prisons are reserved for the most violent and dangerous offenders. These prisons include far more guards both minimum and medium securities have very little freedom. Each person confined to such a prison is considered to be a high-risk individual.
  5. PSYCHIATRIC PRISON: law-breakers who are deemed to be mentally unfit are sent to psychiatric prisons that are designed with resemblances to hospitals. Once there, the inmates, or patients receive psychiatric help for their mental disorders. As with any prison that pursues methods of rehabilitation, psychiatric prisons are intended to try and help people as opposed to just confining them as a means of punishment.
  6. MILITARY PRISON: every branch of military has their own prison facilities that are used specifically for military personnel who have broken laws that affect national security, or to house prisoners of war. The treatment of these prisoners has been a subject of much debate in recent times, and the definition of torture for enemy combatants has becomes a controversial and often discussed topic.

CAPACITY OF SOME NIGERIAN PRISONS

1. Maiduguri                                                   1600

2. Yola                                                            500

3. Gombe                                                         379

4. kaduna convict prison                                 889

5. Kano central prison                                               690

6. Katsina central prison                                 237

7. Benin                                                            240

8. Sokoto central prison                                   576

9. Zamfara medium security                                      406

10. Makurdi                                                    1149

11. Keffi                                                           160

12. Ilorin                                                           121

13. Kuje                                                          560

14. Minna                                                       149

15. Okene                                                        160

16. Borstal prison Kaduna                             208

    17. Jalingo                                                       250

1.1 PROJECT DEFINITION

  • A prison is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms as a form of punishment.
  • Medium security prison: is refers to that class of inmates who are eligible for placement at a work camp with a secure perimeter but who are not eligible for placement in an outside work assignment without armed supervision.

          Medium security prisons are for offenders with lower security concerns. These institutions limit inmate activities but also encourage inmates to participate in various programs to address their needs. Significant controls over inmate activities and privileges are in place. The most common use of prisons is as part of a criminal justice system, in which individuals officially charged with or convicted of crimes are confined to a jail or prison until they either brought to trial to determine their guilt or complete the period of incarceration they trial, outside of their use for punishing civil crimes, authoritarian regimes also frequently use prisons and jails as tools of political repression to punish political crimes, often without trial or other legal due process; this use is illegal under most forms of international law governing fair administration of justice. In times of war or conflict, prisoners of war may also be detained in military prisons or prisoner of war camps, and large groups of civilians might be imprisoned in internment camps.

          The medium security prisons are the standard facilities used to house most criminals. They feature cage-style housing, armed guards, and a much more regimented daily routine than minimum security.

PROJECT REPORTING ON PROPOSE MEDIUM SECURITY PRISON FOR LAFIAGI, KWARA STATE