DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ON-LINE VOTING SYSTEM. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON COMPUTER SCIENCE
Voting is a very important process in the Nigerian political system. It is one of the means and most effective method of ensuring a legitimate government through popular participation. To enthrone sound democracy and stability in the political system of the Enugu state a system of rig-free voting has to be put in place.
The system would among others discourage double voting, forgery or hoarding of electoral materials massive transfer of ballot papers destruction of ballot boxes, inflation of electron figures and unnecessary delay in pronouncement of election result. This could be achieved by an on-line voting system to remove the difficult administrative tasks of the electoral body which regulated the conduct of election in Enugu state. This basically forms the goal set to achieve in this study.
Therefore this project aims at alleviating the incidence of rigging and introduction of an organized procedure of voting which is the bana of socio-economic and political progress in Enugu state.
The advancement made in technology over the past few years are astounding. The computer alone has progressed at a remarkable pace, and updates are continually occurring. Along with the progress of the computer comes the transformation of the virtual world. The Internet is a fairly recent concept that has profoundly affected our daily lives. As with anything new the Internet possesses various mysteries. Research is being conducted to determine the possibilities of an on-line voting. Internet voting opens the door to all sorts of possibilities for our state voting future.
Therefore, voting is a means of selecting or choosing leaders, it does not apply only to local government, states and federal government of Nigeria but also in different institutions and social organization. The conduct of elections in a democratic society is very important not only because through it a change of government is effected but also because voting is the main form of political participation for most people. For democracy to be sound, it should be anchored on election free from fraud.
Over the years, the voting operation has been put under a manual system of operation which mostly results to inaccuracy and ineffective election. It is gradually being realized that much faster accurate, effective and efficient system is needed to be adopted. Here on-line is to be instituted to handle voting.