LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP, ITS EFFECTS ON PROPERTY VALUES IN OWERRI URBAN OF IMO STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT 

LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP, ITS EFFECTS ON PROPERTY VALUES IN OWERRI URBAN OF IMO STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

In long-term business relationships the customer experience is affected by how the customer perceives the quality of customer relationship. The purpose of this paper is to understand the customer relationship quality construct in tenant relationships in a business-to-business environment.

METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The theoretical framework is adapted from relationship marketing literature and this is then applied in case study settings to five customer companies in a landlord and tenant relationship. The paper framework of 13 relationship quality attributes and applies these to the case companies. Findings: The results suggest that some of the suggested relationship quality attributes have an importance in a landlord relationship while some suggested attributes have less value.
Research limitations/implications:- The case studies were conducted in companies that occupy office premises in multi-user.

Originality/value: This paper introduces theoretical understanding from relationship marketing literature into the real estate and adds practical understanding of customer relationship management into the rental business.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION:

Admassiey. (1995), The purpose of this article is to analyze the impact of a landlord and tenant ordinance (LTTO) on property values, using time series data for the city of Evanston, Illinois, where the ordinance has been enacted since 1975. The empirical data analysis, which includes a trend analysis of heroin price indices for both rental and owner-occupied property has shown that L.T.O is not likely to significantly affect HOUSING VALUES. Those remedies provided in the landlord and tenant ordinance are not likely to be radical departures from the current practices such as housing / building code, and can therefore not be expected to affect housing values substantly.

This research was supported by a grant from the office if Real Estate Research at the university of Illinois. We acknowledge helpful comments from professor peter colwell, and the good research assistance of Theresa Cherniak and Michael Duncan.

Acting in landlord and tenant malters for commercial owners or occupiers requires knowledge of legislation (such as the landlord and tenant Act 1954) and case law as well as and understanding other commercial property.

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP, ITS EFFECTS ON PROPERTY VALUES IN OWERRI URBAN OF IMO STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

THE PROBLEM AND PROSPECTS OF HOUSING IN THE NEW STATE CAPITAL, ASABA DELTA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT 

THE PROBLEM AND PROSPECTS OF HOUSING IN THE NEW STATE CAPITAL, ASABA DELTA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

Housing has become one of the major problems in which individuals, private / public establishment are facing in the new state capital in Nigeria today.

Housing do not offer shelter only but also they are considered as a status social and a successful life. The research work will enable us to identity the problems, the impacts, the importance and the general effect of housing problem in the new state capital.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

Housing is one of the three basic necessities of life. He dignity of man is usually enhanced by his ownership of house. The greater population of the world population is housed, the population that is well housed is in the minority while dilapidated houses are accommodating the greater population of the world.

The concentration and rapid increase of population in the new state capitals is based on the few and inadequate social services in the town. The main pointer in the new state capital is the problem of a housing, houses to match the over-growing demand so as to produce rent which are reasonable to meet the community and which are equitable in terms of returns to investors in housing in the urban area and developing areas like Asaba-statistics have it that in Asaba, some areas, the home is too small to allow for decent family life and offers no more than a tiny abode to its members. Statistics also have it that urban dwelling are in general over-crowded and surrounded by a deplorable urban landscape situation. This most unsatisfactory situation is still setting hard due to the impact of population growth and urbanization, there has been a remarkable increase in recent years.

In the recent rate of growth of population together with a steady force of population from the rural area to the urban centres. Theres has been a rapid increase in the number of experts, administrative and technical personels as a result of improvement, changes and growth in development standard improvement in the general level of prosperity; income, living condition of people has led to people demanding more and better houses.

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

THE PROBLEM AND PROSPECTS OF HOUSING IN THE NEW STATE CAPITAL, ASABA DELTA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT. A CASE STUDY IN ABA URBAN OF ABIA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT 

EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT. A CASE STUDY IN ABA URBAN OF ABIA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

This study is focused on the “effect of population growth on land resources development”. A case study in Aba urban of Abia state. It is a comprehensive research on the course of population growth problems, and benefits of the growth on land development. There is no doubt that at present, there is link between development and population growth. However, the fact that the two opinion are related to each other in many cases, it is the main negative relationship between population and growth and the level of land development as said in the study is that programmes for controlling the rate of population growth should be encouraged. Therefore, it is common practices among countries to have a population census every ten years to know the number of people in that country such as males, females, age and occupational groups. The main point of this write-up is emphasizes on the physical components of environment because population growth has affected buildings, roads, land use and development which makes up the urban areas.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The common problem facing most state in Nigeria today is how to improve the standard of living of the vast majority of their people.

Consequently, most state like Abia is involved in a variety of programmes designed to speed up the process of socio-economic and physical development. Development planners in different parts of Abia have realized in recent time that understanding of the population in the development process of Abia is important.

This is due to the fact that population has big impact on the economic, social and physical development of Abia state. It is therefore, certain that the population factor can do much to either promote or frustrate a state’s uppermost development objective.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT. A CASE STUDY IN ABA URBAN OF ABIA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

THE EVALUATION OF THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN SOLVING HOUSING PROBLEM IN AWKA-SOUTH LGA OF ANAMBRA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT 

THE EVALUATION OF THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN SOLVING HOUSING PROBLEM IN AWKA-SOUTH LGA OF ANAMBRA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

This work is about an evaluation of the role of government in solving housing problems in Anambra state. For many years housing has not receive its deserved attention in this country. Particularly Anambra state due to it popular demand and population it is hoped however that my findings would be of immense interest to the government. The report will form a good reference point of future scholars and government who may wish to conduct similar studies. I have always had this long desire to study to determine the evaluation of the role of government in solving housing problems in Anambra state.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

Social scientists are yet to agree on which of the three basic needs of non-shelter, food and clothing which one comes first.

What is beyond debate is the fact that it takes more efforts resources and planning to meet the house needs of every society. In urban centres, provision of recent and affordable accommodation has continued to test the competence of the administrators.

Shelter has been Universally accepted as the second most important essential human need after food. Housing in all ramifications is more than mere shelter since it embraces all the social services and utilities that go to make a community or neighbourhood a livable environment. In fact, man has been in their need of this essential commodity for his well being even the primitive men could not do without the caves, which provided shelter to them. Indeed, housing is a veritable index of measuring the social economic and technological development of a nation, “show me the quality of your people’s house and I will tell what kind of nation you are” could aptly become a maxim.

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

THE EVALUATION OF THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN SOLVING HOUSING PROBLEM IN AWKA-SOUTH LGA OF ANAMBRA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

INVESTMENT IN AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY AS A CATALYST IN ORUMBA NORTH L.G.A OR ANAMBRA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT 

INVESTMENT IN AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY AS A CATALYST IN ORUMBA NORTH L.G.A OR ANAMBRA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

Investment in agriculture was purely on subsistence basis in the past until recent when it has been operated on large scale. It is a booming venture in developed countries of world. In Nigeria, it is mainly focused on cash crops. Live stocks, fishery. Wood lands pasture lane etc. Most of them are owned by government and their agents. The emphasis and campaign placed on agricultural property investment has made individuals to embark on such venture. Due to the fact that the benefit derived from agriculture and numerous, the government has started giving proper attention to investing in agricultural properties rather than hoping on oil for the economy. In this project research work, the main objectives are to discuss, on the investment in agricultural properties as a catalyst in Orumba North local Government Area, the types and their importance the impacts, problems affecting it etc. Going by the widely prevalent thirst are urge for investing in agricultural property however, my recommendations are conclusion are very lively to favour the positive effects.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION:

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Investment in agricultural property is not advanced as that of developed countries of the world. Agricultural property investment amounts to all investment operation in such property as cash crops, livestock, pasture land, cottage etc.

Nigeria generally is blessed with fertile and large area of land with abundant human and natural resources, which if harnessed effectively under the guide and supervisor of the experienced property manager (Estate surveyors) will help a lot in solving the battered economy of Nigeria.

Inspite of the numerous benefit derived from agricultural properties, Nigeria still give it little attention they keep on hoping on crude oil for the economy instead of diversifying her investment in other resource like Agricultural property.

With the benefit ard returns realizable form the investment in agricultural properties, it will serve as an alternative. Sources of life and a catalyst for speeding development of rural areas.

1.2   STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Investment in Agricultural properties in rural areas amounts to under utilization of both natural and human resources to boost the increase in production of food and cash crops etc in large quantity.

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

INVESTMENT IN AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY AS A CATALYST IN ORUMBA NORTH L.G.A OR ANAMBRA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

THE ROLE OF ESTATE SURVEYORS AND VALUERS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN EKWULOBIA, ANAMBRA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

THE ROLE OF ESTATE SURVEYORS AND VALUERS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN EKWULOBIA, ANAMBRA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

Abstract

This project on the role of estate surveyors and valuers in the development of property a case study of Ekwulobia in Aguata Local Government Area Anambra state is bringing to focus the role this professionals can play in the course of the topic in question in our everyday endeavours for utilization and management of our resources base on these efficient and best use of these resources for self reliance and economic welfare. It is amazing to note that many people in different sectors of our economy mainly in rural development up till this twenty one (21st) century, do not know whom a valuer is nor his role in the course of rural development. It is quite clear to note also that many people who are aware of their existence regarded them (the estate surveyors and valuers) as mere ent collectors. This impression should be corrected and the role of men of the noble profession, must be sought for their expert knowledge utilized for the overhandling of our nation’s rural development’s, plan and policies. Today it is quite unfortunate that Nigeria which was once one of the richest third world country as an earlier said has fallen from grace to grass after her glorious days of the ever said oil-boom of the seventies, it has now become a debtor nation, this non consultation of the various professional bodies in management and use of our natural and manmade resources especially land and other related real estate in different fields of our rural development has posed a lot of estate management and social problems today. The aim of putting up my write up is to put into light what this discipline “Estate Management” is saying about and their role in both rural and urban development.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

Estate management as a discipline and a noble profession especially in a developing country like Nigeria is progressively becoming significant. Governments, groups, corporate bodies and even private concerns action have taken a new dimension in the modern world as a result of rising economic trend especially in this period of global economic recession.

Now the services of the experts and professionals abounding our labour force are being sought for, and their advice being utilized. A critical look and study of the various hand use problems.

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

THE ROLE OF ESTATE SURVEYORS AND VALUERS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN EKWULOBIA, ANAMBRA STATE. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

THE ROLE OF THE CBN IN ENSURING AFFORDABLE HOUSING FOR NIGERIANS. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

THE ROLE OF THE CBN IN ENSURING AFFORDABLE HOUSING FOR NIGERIANS. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT



CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and 8th in the world, with a population of 173 million. Over the past decade the economy has been growing at an average rate of around seven percent yearly and, after Johannesburg, Lagos has the biggest, most liquid market in the region thereby creating the need for massive housing development. A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is a public institution that usually issues the currency, regulates the money supply, and controls the interest rates in a country. Central banks often also oversee the commercial banking system of their respective countries. In contrast to a commercial bank, a central bank possesses a monopoly on printing the national currency, which usually serves as the nation’s legal tender (Arthur and Sullivan, 2003). Example is the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). The various roles of CBN will however in no doubt have specific impact on housing delivery in Nigeria.
According to Wikipedia.org, Central banks around the world play similar functions some of which may include- implementing monetary policies, determining Interest rates, controlling the nation’s entire money supply, the Government’s banker and the bankers’ bank (“lender of last resort”), regulating and supervising the banking industry, setting the official interest rate – used to manage both inflation and the country’s exchange rate– and ensuring that this rate takes effect via a variety of policy mechanisms and managing the country’s foreign exchange and gold reserves and the Government’s stock register.
Shelter is one of the basic necessities of life. Indeed, the housing sector plays a very critical role in a country’s prosperity as it directly affects not only the wellbeing of the citizenry but also the general performance of other sectors of the economy. Thus, provision of housing has, since the early 1970‟s, engaged the attention of most countries, especially the developing ones, for a number of reasons. First, it is one of the three most important basic needs of mankind. Consequently, programmes of assistance in the areas of finance, provision of infrastructure and research have been designed by governments to enhance adequate housing delivery. The focus on finance has, however, been very prominent for the reason that, housing provision requires huge capital outlay, which is often beyond the capacity of most of the citizens (Akeju, 2007).

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

THE ROLE OF THE CBN IN ENSURING AFFORDABLE HOUSING FOR NIGERIANS. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF FLOODING ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES (A CASE STUDY OF CALABAR SOUTH). A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT 

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF FLOODING ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES (A CASE STUDY OF CALABAR SOUTH). A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed at examining the effects of flooding on residential properties in Calabar South Local government Area of Cross River State. The data needed for the study were obtained through the use of 250 questionnaires in four intensively flooded areas of the case study.However, the researcher also carried out physical observation the areas prone to flood and general discussions and interviews with the resident of these areas. Also both primary and secondary sources were used for data collection. This shows that flood has serious effects in residential properties and the residents in general. It then recommended that: all drainage systems within the study area must be cleared to ensure free flow of storm waters; the local planning authorities in the study area should ensure adequate sanctions for violations of building regulations as this will go a long way to curb the menace of flood in the affected areas.

LIST OF FIGURES

1. MAP OF NIGERIA SHOWING CROSS RIVER STATE

2. MAP OF CROSS RIVER STATE SHOWING CALABAR SOUTH L.G.A.

3. MAP OF CALABAR SOUTH SHOWING THE STUDY AREAS

4. PHOTOGRAPHS SHOWING AREAS WITHIN THE STUDY AREA THAT FLOOD OCCUR.

LIST OF TABLES

1. SEX OF RESPONDENTS.

2. AGES OF RESPONDENTS.

3. INCOME PER ANNUM OF RESPONDENTS.

4. SIZE OF HOUSEHOLD OF RESPONDENTS.

5. CAUSES OF FLOOD IN THE STUDY AREA.

6. DURATION OF FLOOD IN THE STUDY AREA.

7. AFFECTED HOUSES WITHIN THE AREA.

8. DISTRIBUTION OF RESIDENTS THAT RELOCATE WHEN FLOOD OCCURS.

9. NUMBER OF PROPERTIES DESTROYED IN THE 2011 FLOOD.

10. SUGGESTIONS GIVEN TO GOVERNMENT BY RESPONDENTS ON HOW TO CURB THE FLOOD MENACE.

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF FLOODING ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES (A CASE STUDY OF CALABAR SOUTH). A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

THE ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN SOLVING HOUSING DEFICIT IN NIGERIA . A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT 

THE ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN SOLVING HOUSING DEFICIT IN NIGERIA . A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Housing, literally is defined as buildings or other shelters in which people live, a place to live, a dwelling and to nations a critical component in social and economic system. Housing represents one of the most basic human needs. To most groups housing means shelter but to others it means more as it serves as one of the best indicators of a person’s standard of living and his or her place in the society (Nubi, 2008). It is a priority for the attainment of living standard and it is important to both rural and urban areas. These attribute make demand for housing to know no bound as population growth and urbanization are increase very rapidly and the gap between housing need and supply becomes widen. This housing deficit has continued to accumulate over the years as a result of poor housing policy implementation by successive government in Nigeria. Cultural factors such as preferences and values or social status, taste and financial resources, also influence a house physical characteristics. In developing countries, poor housing delivery has been attributed to inadequate mechanisms and systems for land allocation, funding, mortgage institutions and infrastructure (Encarta, 2007).

Nigeria is perhaps the fastest urbanizing country in the African continent. One of the most important challenges facing the country is the provision of affordable housing. As more and more Nigerians make towns and cities their homes, the resulting social, economic, environmental and political challenges need to be urgently addressed (Raji, 2008). A recent study of housing situation in Nigeria put existing housing stock at 23 per 1000 inhabitant. Housing deficit is put at 15 million houses (Mabogunje 2007) while N12 trillion will be required to finance the deficit. This is about 4 times the annual national budget of Nigeria (FHA, 2007). House prices and rents, on the other hand, have grown ahead of general inflation. Making matters worse, the composition of houses for sale and rent on the market has been inexorably shifting towards very expensive house (Nubi, 2008).

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

THE ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN SOLVING HOUSING DEFICIT IN NIGERIA . A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

THE EFFECTS OF SLUM ON RENTAL PROPERTY VALUES . A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT 

THE EFFECTS OF SLUM ON RENTAL PROPERTY VALUES . A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

According to historical accounts (Leadership Newspaper), Asata, Coal camp, New market, Ogui urban including Obiagu areas of the city belongs to Ogui Nike people. But during the colonial era, the white men started developing parts of the land owned by the Ogui Nike people. That explains why Obiagu is presently inhabited by people from almost the five south east states namely; Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Imo and even the present day Enugu state.

Also a portion of Obiagu was then inhabited by the Hausa community, who came to the city as either cattle dealers or artisans. But following the events leading to the outbreak of the Nigeria Biafra war in 1967, a good number of Hausa men living in the area left for their different states in the north and never returned to the area, then the community was taken over by Nigerians from other ethnic groups, particularly Igbo, yet it still answer “Ama Hausa” [house of Hausa community], but has refused to shed its toga of a ghetto. When police or other security agencies are looking for suspected criminals, they usually gear their search light on obiagu, because of the belief that it is a criminal infested area (Ubani, 2012).

Most housing decay and deterioration comes in various forms and their existence is more evident in densely populated parts of the city. Some of the characteristics of slum include inadequate and deficient facilities obsolete buildings, filthy environment, etc. Much concern was been shown about the problems of the slum areas particularly on the level of decay exhibited by such areas and the plight of the low income households which dwell in them, this put lives and health of the residents in danger.

Obiagu experienced a large rapid population growth because of the influx of people from different part of the east as a result of the development from the colonial era, hence houses constructed of hands materials sprang up all over the settlement. Thus, the area is crowded with poor housing structures most disorderly located. The settlement has now grown and developed in an unplanned manner resulting in the deterioration of the values of the property and social status of the estate environment.

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

THE EFFECTS OF SLUM ON RENTAL PROPERTY VALUES . A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON ESTATE MANAGEMENT

ROLE OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF RESIDENTIAL ESTATES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF AKWA IBOM STATE GOVERNMENT)

ROLE OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF RESIDENTIAL ESTATES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF AKWA IBOM STATE GOVERNMENT)

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Few residential estates built across Nigeria by both federal and state government has been able to meet the housing needs of many Nigerians. Shelter is a basic necessities an esteemed need of man. It used to be ranked second after food in the hierarchy of man’s needs but according to Ebie (2009) it is the first and most important of all rights. According to him, because of the importance attaching to provision of housing and coupled with the fact that a proper housing unit in all its ramifications is more than mere blocks of buildings since it embraces all social services and utilities that go to make a community or neighbourhood a livable environment, it is now a right.Though inadequate, but the federal government of Nigeria and various corporate organizations have invested in the building residential estate for the purpose of profit making and meeting the housing needs of Nigerians.Even though this provision is not actionable, it reinforces the call for government at all levels to invest in massive housing provision in Nigeria and this study is however examining the role of Akwa Ibom State Government in the development of residential estates in the state.

A residential housing estate is a group of homes and other buildings built together as a single development. The exact form may vary from country to country. Accordingly, a housing estate is usually built by a single contractor, with only a few styles of house or building design, so they tend to be uniform in appearance. The desire for adequate and affordable housing also has strong links to the need for security,safety and proper socio-economic status of individuals and communities.In spite of this widely acknowledged importance of housing and various efforts in making adequate and affordable housing available to majority of people, a large proportion of urban residents in less developed countries do not have access to decent housing at affordable cost(Tipple,2004;2006; UN-HABITAT, 2006;Greene and Rojas, 2008).

As a result,most urban residents in Developing countries live in housing conditions that constitute anaf front to human dignity and which comes with appalling social,economic, spatial and health implications (Coker et al., 2007; UNFPA, 2007).

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

ROLE OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF RESIDENTIAL ESTATES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF AKWA IBOM STATE GOVERNMENT)

THE EFFECT OF LAND USE ACT ON SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

THE EFFECT OF LAND USE ACT ON SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

This study was intended to evaluate the effect of land use act on sustainable housing development in Nigeria. This study was guided by the following objectives; to examine the effect of land use act on sustainable housing development in Nigeria, to investigate the influence of land use act on ease of land access by Nigerians, to identify the factors limiting sustainable housing development in Nigeria.

The study employed the descriptive and explanatory design; questionnaires in addition to library research were applied in order to collect data. Primary and secondary data sources were used and data was analyzed using the chi-square statistical tool at 5% level of significance which was presented in frequency tables and percentage. The respondents under the study were 45 employees of the ministry of housing,Lagos branch. The study majorly focuses on the effect of land use act on sustainable housing development in Nigeria.

The study findings revealed that land use act has a significant effect on sustainable housing development in Nigeria; based on the findings from the study, efforts should be made by the Nigerian government and stakeholders in providing sustainable and affordable houses as this would enhance housing development in Nigeria.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

 Land use regulations and controls are used to restrict the rights of private land holders in the use of land. The regulations are used to protect public interest in the use of private land. The regulations stem from the need to provide public amenities, to increase the efficiency of land-use, to limit urban sprawl and unnecessary encroachment on agricultural land, and to achieve economies of scale and least-cost production of public services (Courtney, 1983).  The regulations are also used to ensure the availability of land to all groups, and to ensure that the benefits of development go to the community as a whole.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

THE EFFECT OF LAND USE ACT ON SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY INVESTMENT AND ITS ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS (A CASE STUDY OF AMORITES ESTATE, OSOGBO).

RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY INVESTMENT AND ITS ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS  (A CASE STUDY OF AMORITES ESTATE, OSOGBO).

ABSTRACT

This dissertation is model that examine residential property investment in Osun State and its associated problems. The main objective of the dissertation is to examine the means of satisfying additional housing unit requirement in Osun State, particularly Osogbo. The methodology that was adopted or employed in gathering information was the questionnaire method, through which necessary information were collected. This project work was based on the residential property investment in Osun Sate which various literature were reviewed, new ideas and findings. Pertaining to study topic was added to the existing body of knowledge. The study topic of this research work was ease and carried out with the help of aments housing estate Osogbo. The information which was collected was also presented in bar chart after the analysis of the data. The findings of the dissertation was also stated in cleaned terms so as to avoid any doubtful, also useful recommendations were made for the government, the private developers (both individuals and corporate bodies). Advice was also given to the financial institution on how they could possibly come into help in the provision of housing units.

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                                                                                   i

Certification                                                                                                              ii

Dedication                                                                                                                 iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                                   iv

Abstract                                                                                                                      v

Table of content                                                                                                        vi

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the study                                                                            1

1.2       Aim and objectives                                                                                      3

1.3       Statement of the problems                                                                         3

1.4       Justifications of the study                                                                          4

1.5       Scope of the study                                                                                       4

1.6       Research methodology                                                                              4

1.7       Limitation to the study                                                                                 5

1.8       Layout of the study                                                                                      5

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0       Investment                                                                                                    6

2.1     Types of residential property investment                                                 8

2.2       Types of investment                                                                                    9

2.3       Property investment                                                                                    11

2.4       Types of property investment                                                                     12

2.5       Returns on investment of different investment stock                            14

2.6       Finance                                                                                                         15

2.7       Problems of property investment                                                              17

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 

3.0       Introduction                                                                                                   20

 

3.1       Target population and study area                                                                         20

 

3.2       Sources of data                                                                                            20

 

3.3       Method of gathering data                                                                           21

 

3.4       Method of data presentation                                                                      25

 

CHAPTER FOUR

 

DATA ANALYSIS, PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION

 

4.0       Introduction                                                                                                   27

 

4.1       Analysis and presentation of data collected                                           27

 

4.2       Data analysis of the study area                                                                 38

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATION AND

CONCLUSION

5.0       Introduction                                                                                                   39

 

5.1       Summary of findings                                                                                   39

 

5.2       Implication of findings                                                                                40

 

5.3       Recommendation                                                                                        40
5.4       Conclusion                                                                                                   41

 

       DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY INVESTMENT AND ITS ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS  (A CASE STUDY OF AMORITES ESTATE, OSOGBO).

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA: CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTIONS

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA: CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTIONS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Since independence, the Nigeria government has desperately continued to make concerted effort in the area of quantitative (but not qualitative) supply of mass housing through huge budgetary and policy provisions but, surprisingly, the rate at which existing ones are collapsing calls for an urgent attention. The site of building collapse scattered across the length and breadth of Nigeria is quite alarming that it is unimaginable what effects it will have on the building industry and Nigeria economy as a whole. One could imagine what edifices these buildings would have been if only they were constructed accordingly. It has been reported that Nigeria, especially Lagos State has become the “world’s junk-yard” of collapsed buildings worth billions of naira (Famoroti, 2005). It is quite unimaginable that a county blessed with so great potentials in its construction industry can experience such magnitude of building collapse Fadamiro in 2002 defined building as “an enclosure for spaces designed for specific use, meant to control local climate, distribute services and evacuate waste”. Buildings can be defined as structural entities capable of securing self by transmitting weights to the ground. More so, buildings are defined “as structures for human activities, which must be safe for the occupants”(Odulami, 2002). However, these same buildings have been posing treats and dangers to people either during or after construction as a result of its collapse. Collapse as a whole occurs when part or whole body of a structure fails and suddenly gives way, the structure, as a result of this failure, could not meet the purpose for which it was meant for. Building collapse is an extreme case of building failure. It means the super-structure crashes down totally or partially (Arilesere, 2002). Building failure occurs when there is a defect in one or more elements of the building caused by inability of the material making up the components of such building elements to perform its original function effectively, which may finally lead to building collapse. Buildings are meant to provide conveniences and shelter to the people, but the same building has been a danger trap to the same people.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA: CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTIONS

LAND USE POLICY AND TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA …A CASE STUDY OF OLUMO ROCK IN OGUN STATE

LAND USE POLICY AND TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA …A CASE STUDY OF OLUMO ROCK IN OGUN STATE

Abstract

Tourism in Nigeria is still down the ladder in policy formulation for economic growth and development. Tourism sector needs advocates and researchers that would work towards repositioning tourism on the Zenith level of budgetary allocation to enable the sector contribute maximally to the economic development of Nigeria. Based on this, this research examined land use policy and tourism development in Nigeria. Therefore, the objectives considered are: Some specific landscape features for tourism development across Nigeria, development strategies and relevance for promoting tourism and the sustainability of landscape features that are tourism based.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the study

Landscapes are sceneries of nature. Landscapes are the configuration of the earth surface especially the classification, description, nature and the development of the different surface features. These surface features like hills, valleys, lakes, springs high and low lands, rivers, sand bars and sand dunes are wide spread throughout Nigeria. Today, traveling, boundary delineation, human activities such as agriculture, trade military adventure, tourism and even resources of a country are based on these features. However, four group classification of these features stand out. These are plains, plateau, hills and mountains. The shape, size, location and the absolute elevation of these features help in the development of tourism. These land form features have potential attractions for tourism. The perspective of interpretation is to provide such landscapes with images and symbolic meanings to make them more visible and attractive to tourists while constituting a framework for preservation. A more holistic rather than reductionist view of tourism is also desirable both in context of developing the full potential of the industry and in meeting the diverse needs and ideas of contemporary tourists (Chokor, 1993). Today, tourism has become one of the most viable industries all over the world. In Nigeria, the recent increase in the tourism industry is the outcome of several factors.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

LAND USE POLICY AND TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA …A CASE STUDY OF OLUMO ROCK IN OGUN STATE

LAND REFORMS IN NIGERIA: ISSUES, PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

LAND REFORMS IN NIGERIA: ISSUES, PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        i

Approval Page   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        ii

Declaration        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iii

Dedication          –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iv

Acknowledgement      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        v

Abstract    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vi

Table of Contents       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vii

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the Study    –        –        –        –        –

1.2    Statement of General Problem   –        –        –        –

1.3    Objective of the Study         –        –        –        –        –        –

1.4    Research Questions   –        –        –        –        –        –

1.5    Hypothesis   –      –      –      –      –      –      –        –        –

1.6    Significance of the Study    –        –        –        –        –

1.7    Scope of the Study      –        –        –        –        –        –

1.8    Definition of Terms    –        –        –        –        –        –

 

 CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1    Introduction       –        –        –        –        –        –        –

  • Conceptual issues –        –        –        –        –
  • Evolution of land tenure system in Nigeria –        –        –

2.4    Current land tenure system     –        –        –        –        –        –

2.5    Need for land reform in Nigeria  –        –        –        ­

2.6    The Nigerian land reform Agenda       –        –        –        ­

2.5    Implementing the land reform Agenda        –        –        –        ­

2.5    Issues and challenges facing the land reform Agenda  –        –        –        ­

 

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction       –        –        –        –        –        –        –

3.2    Research Design         –        –        –        –        –        –

3.3    Area of the Study       –        –        –        –        –        –

3.4    Population of Study   –        –        –        –        –        –

3.5    Sample size and Sampling Techniques        –        –        –

3.6    Instrument for Data Collection   –        –        –        –

3.7    Validity of the Instrument –        –        –        –        –

3.8    Reliability of the Instrument       –        –        –        –

3.9    Method of Data Collection  –        –        –        –        –

3.10  Method of Data Analysis    –        –        –        –        –

 

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.0    Introduction       –        –        –        –        –        –        –

4.1    Data Presentation and Analysis –        –        –        –

4.2    Characteristics of the Respondents     –        –        –

4.3    Data Analysis    –        –        –        –        –        –        –

4.4    Testing Hypothesis    –        –        –        –        –        –

4.5    Summary of Findings          –        –        –        –        –        –

4.6    Discussion of Findings        –        –        –        –        –

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.0    Introduction       –        –        –        –        –        –        –

5.1    Summary  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

5.2    Conclusion         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

5.3    Recommendations      –        –        –        –        –        –

References –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Appendix  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

 

ABSTRACT

This study is on land reforms in Nigeria, issues, challenges and solutions. This study was guided by the following objectives; To provide an overview on the issues of land reforms in Nigeria.To examine the problems of land reforms in Nigeria. To analyze the solution to the problems of land reform in Nigeria. The study employed the descriptive and explanatory design; questionnaires in addition to library research were applied in order to collect data. Primary data sources were used and data was analyzed using the chi-square statistical tool at 5% level of significance which was presented in frequency tables and percentage. The respondents under the study were 68staff of Akwa ibom state ministry of works and housing.The study findings revealed that there are problems or challenges of effecting implementation of land reforms in Nigeria; based on the findings from the study, efforts should be made by the Nigerian government and stakeholders in ensuring effecting land reforms in Nigeria.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Land Reform generally involves the changing of laws,regulations or customs regarding land ownership. It may consist of government initiated or government backed approach to property redistribution of land as in the case of Nigeria, an outright transfer of ownership of land from the citizens to the state. The common characteristic of land reforms is usually the modification or the replacement of existing institutional arrangements governing possession, use and title.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

LAND REFORMS IN NIGERIA: ISSUES, PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN THE EXECUTION OF PUBLIC SECTOR HOUSING PROJECTS IN NIGERIA

ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN THE EXECUTION OF PUBLIC SECTOR HOUSING PROJECTS IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Housing (Shelter) is unarguably one of the basic necessities of man. It used to be ranked second after food in the hierarchy of man’s needs but according to Ebie (2009) it is the first and most important of all rights. According to him, because of the importance attached to housing and coupled with the fact that housing in all its ramifications is more than mere shelter,then,execution of public sector housing embraces all social services and utilities that go to make a community or neighbourhood a livable environment, this is now a right in Nigeria.This position is reinforced by section 16(1)(d) of 1999 constitution under the Fundamental Objectives of State Policy which compels the Nigerian State “to provide suitable and adequate shelter for all citizens” Even though this provision is not actionable, it reinforces the call for public sector driven mass housing provision in Nigeria. Housing being a right entails that all strata of a society including the less privileged members of the society, the old, the disadvantaged, the wondering psychotics should own or have access to decent, safe and sanitary housing accommodation at affordable disposal prices or rental with secure tenure.

Unfortunately the reverse is the case as in spite of the policies, institutions and regulations which various Nigerian Governments have put in place since independence; there is still dearth of housing for low income segment. A recent study of housing situation in Nigeria put existing housing stock at 23 per 1000 inhabitant. Housing deficit is put at 15 million housing units (Mabogunje, 2007) while 12 trillion naira will be required to finance the deficit. This is about 4 times the annual budget of Nigeria (FHA, 2007). Housing is of supreme importance to man and one of the best indicators of a person’s standard of living and his place in society. However, at no point has it been adequately supplied either quantitatively or qualitatively (Jiboye 2009; Omoniyi&Jiboye, 2011). Over time, the need for adequate shelter has continued to attract global attention especially in developing countries where the urbanization process has been growing at an alarming rate. The phenomenal rise in population, increase in number and size of most cities in the past decades have led to acute shortage of adequate dwelling units in many urban centres globally (Jiboye, 2009).

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN THE EXECUTION OF PUBLIC SECTOR HOUSING PROJECTS IN NIGERIA

IMPACT OF SLUM ON VALUE OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF CROSS RIVER STATE

IMPACT OF SLUM ON VALUE OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF CROSS RIVER STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Slums are home to the poorest of urban populations in Africa. The houses inhabited by slum dwellers are mostly decrepit, overcrowded, in neighborhoods that are prone to flooding and beset with poor sanitation and shortage of potable water. Slums are easily formed in areas experiencing rapid urbanization without commensurate increase in the provision and maintenance of housing and infrastructure. Slums have been conceptualized as a group of buildings or an area characterized by overcrowding, deterioration, insanitary conditions, or absence of basic and essential facilities like potable water, drainage system, schools, health facilities, recreational grounds, post office, among others. Slums generate spontaneously and are in some cases, a direct result of the prevalence of poverty experienced by the inhabitants of cities (Olotuah, 2006). Slums, which are regarded as an element of urban decay, also result from congestion in overcrowded cities where poor immigrants seek to settle for just any available accommodation irrespective of quality. The overwhelming negatives notwithstanding, there are some positive aspects to slums. In recent years, some environmentalists and organizations such as the United Nations Population Fund suggested that despite the poor living conditions, slums are positive both environmentally and socially. Because slums are characterized by very high density of housing, its environmental impact is smaller than that of dispersed rural communities. Furthermore, the fertility rate of new slum dwellers is below the replacement rate; this mitigates dangers associated with overpopulation that results from manpower-intensive subsistence agriculture, and frees up arable land for the nature, or more efficient industrialized agriculture. Slum dwellers also appear to have vastly better opportunities for getting jobs, starting small businesses and climbing out of poverty than rural inhabitants (Akinyode, 1998). Nigeria is ranked as one of the countries with high slum prevalence. The proliferation of shanty dwellings, squatter settlements and slums in most of our cities in Nigeria including the cross rivers state which is the being focused on in this study. However, it has been asserted that the presence of slum increase the rate of crime in the area thereby affecting the value of the residential property (Omole, 2010). The prevalence of slum in Nigeria has significantly affected the value of residential properties in the affected areas. This value is determined by the prices of the residential property or by the value of rent per a period time that is collected on them. However, the researcher will find out the impact of slum on the value of residential property in Nigeria.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

IMPACT OF SLUM ON VALUE OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF CROSS RIVER STATE

IMPACT OF REAL ESTATE SECTOR TO THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF NIGERIA

IMPACT OF REAL ESTATE SECTOR TO THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The Real Estate sector offers a great potential source of growth for Nigeria. Until now, the understanding of its composition and growth has been somewhat limited to its required use in Nigerian national accounts. Development is a general word that encompasses all aspects of human life, segments and disciplines, which give direction to the state of an economy. Globally, real estate sector is one of the most profitable ventures of every economy and one of the indices of measuring economic growth of a society. It is a sector that mirrors the economic viability and sustainability of an economy and its poverty level. Though there was no accurate data about housing shortage in Nigeria, it was however estimated that the shortage has risen to over 17 million (Ebie, 2005). Successive governments over the years have attempted to resolve these shortages with various policies but rather than reducing, the shortages kept increasing year in year out.According to Ajanlekoko, 2001, the Federal housing agencies located in each state of the federation, were statutorily created to execute public housing programmes for each state of the federation based on the formulated housing policies.

Specifically they are to undertake the development of estates by acquiring, developing, holding, managing, selling, leasing or letting any property movable or unmovable in their respective states; provide a home ownership saving scheme in respect of any housing estate or building owned, constructed and managed by them with a view to enabling members of the public purchase or build their own houses; provide sites and services scheme for residential, commercial and industrial purposes for the people of their respective states; construct and maintain modern dwelling houses at reasonable costs for sales to members of the public, undertake the construction of offices, commercial and industrial buildings for letting out to members of the public among other things, engage in other investment activities and opportunities as may be determined by the respective state governments. If there has been effective implementation of housing policies, all these would have significantly benefitted the masses and above all contributed to the growth of the nation’s economy as a result of profit made from sales and rents. Unfortunately however, most of the state housing agencies are under-utilized and have been rendered redundant and could hardly carry out their primary responsibility as elaborated in the respective laws setting up these agencies (Zubairu, 2001). Basically, the problems of housing delivery in Nigeria are rooted in three major factors namely lack of finance, escalating cost of building materials and infrastructural development cost. These three problems are however peculiar to all housing delivery agencies and somewhat make affordable and mass housing difficult and has however reduced the contribution of the real estate sector to the nation’s economy.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

IMPACT OF REAL ESTATE SECTOR TO THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF NIGERIA

IMPACT OF MATERIALS MANAGEMENT IN THE PRODUCTIVITY OF AN ORGANIZATION

IMPACT OF MATERIALS MANAGEMENT IN THE PRODUCTIVITY OF AN ORGANIZATION

CHAPTER ONE

1.0    Introduction

It is quite obvious that every organization keeps materials which form one of the pivotal elements in the organization. Any establishment that is set up to produce one thing or another; any organization could either be goods producer or services delivery or both, and they must make use of materials in all their operations, and these materials must be properly managed to achieve the desired objectives.

Materials management is one of the most technological choices in any organization. Thus, it must be decided as to when, how and by who materials should be handled. It covers the processes of moving, packing and storing materials. Note that in the past, there was no any distinct method in use.

However, today the methods employed are numerous such as: The Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV), the Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS).

1.1    Background of the Study

What dominates organizational operations and there seeks to transform management practices is no other than material management.

It is obvious that in all kinds of organizations, management effort is often times committed to the effective and efficient management of materials. Furthermore, the management practices have gained the understanding that the success of any can only be guaranteed in today’s circumstances by a practical and holistic commitment to materials management.

Materials management is not a mere technique, but a philosophy anchored on a belief that long run success depends on the uniform commitment to materials management in 7Up Plc, Kaduna Plant which can be achieved via the interplay of both the analytical and holistic facilities of the personalities concerned.

1.2    Statement of the General Problem

Materials management as we all know is considered “life blood” of every organization. Unfortunately enough, most companies have entrusted the materials management functions into the hands of mediocre. Therefore, the basic problem with which the study is concerned about is the unethical practices in the 7Up Plc Kaduna plant which includes: the placement of unqualified personnel on the functional, they do not have professional knowledge about, over invoicing and local inaccessibility of raw materials. Also, therefore is the problem of wastage and pilferage of materials in 7Up Plc, Kaduna plant.

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

IMPACT OF MATERIALS MANAGEMENT IN THE PRODUCTIVITY OF AN ORGANIZATION