ASSESSMENT ON THE LEVEL OF AWARENESS OF HIV/AIDS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ASSESSMENT ON THE LEVEL OF AWARENESS OF HIV/AIDS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

This research work focuses on the assessment of the level of awareness of HIV/AIDS among University of Lagos undergraduate students: Implication for Counselling. The study was carried out among the undergraduate students of University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos.

The study seeked to find out if there would be significant difference between male and female undergraduate level of awareness of HIV/AIDS, if there would be a significant effect of religion on the level of undergraduate awareness of HIV/AIDS and also significant effect of age on the level of undergraduate awareness of HIV/AIDS.

The study was conducted using a sample size of one hundred and twenty (120) students from within the University campus, male (60) and female (60) between the ages of 17 – 20, 21 an above, the respondents were also Muslims and Christians.

The data collected was analysed using t-test and the findings showed that there would be a significant difference between male and female undergraduate level of awareness of HIV/AIDS. It was also discovered that there would be a significant effect of religion and age on the level of undergraduate awareness of HIV/AIDS.

A well structured questionnaire was administered on the respondents to collect information on the knowledge of transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS and sexual practices among undergraduate students. Twenty five questions were designed to elicit information about HIV/AIDS. The low level of awareness among the female undergraduate students was highlighted while ways of increasing the level of awareness among them were also highlighted such as HIV/AIDS awareness campaign day as part of the recommendations.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by the human imunedeficiency virus (HIV), which destroys the cells in the body that combats infections. Although, recent medical advances have caused a shift from the mindset of a terminal disease to one of a chronic manageable conditions in some areas of the world. This new approach brings challenges of its own, as the disease is eventually fatal (Forri et al, 1997).

HIV has brought about a global epidemic far more extensive than what was predicted even a decade ago. The issue of HIV/AIDS is not only relevant to medical documentation, but is complex and highly politically charged, affecting all communities regardless of race, age or sexual orientation (Ginsberg, 1995). At the end of the year 2000, it was estimated that there were 36.1 million adults and children living with HIV/AIDS, the vast majority of whom live in the developing world, with more than twenty five million living in the continent of Africa (Global Summary of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic, 2000 and 2001).

Care givers to HIV/AIDS patients need to be highly trained so as to effectively give succour to those who are stigmatized as a result of the contraction of the disease (HIV/AIDS). According to Adams, formal care giving services for the elderly and the diseased individuals are those services bureaucratically provided by non familial and non-informal social systems. Although, families provide majority of care scourge of HIV/AIDS disease and other aliments, formal services also exists in order to support those living with the dreaded disease. Individuals offering care-giving services need to be exposed to training through constant attendance of seminars, workshops, orientation and in-service programmes. These programmes should also be given to other individuals who are not infected with HIV/AIDS so as to prevent the contraction of the disease and to avoid its spreads in the society.

The World Heath Organisation has a set a goal for all Nation’s Heath for all by the year 2000 and the Nigerian health sector has adopted this slogan in the last decade. However, some of the major constraints facing Nigeria include poverty, inadequate human resources, inadequate personnel in the medical sector (the few are concentrated in the cities) illiteracy, poor funding of the health sector (less than 20% of the Gross National Product GNP), and finally lack of information and research into the state of the nation’s health (Ogunba, 2002).

In order to have sustained progress towards our dream or “Health for all by the year 2000”, the health needs for the nation must as a matter of urgency, include some of the following:

(1) collection of reliable epidemiological data for all the important endemic diseases, especially, the dreaded HIV/AIDS disease, in our country, as well as research inputs into our heath delivery systems so as to determine:

(a) effectiveness, efficiency, efficacy and cost effectiveness of our efforts at all costs;

(b) new tools, methods and management strategies and acceptabilities by the rural people of our concepts and vision for improved and modern medical care;

(c) behaviours, attitudes and environmental factors that may enhance or mar introduction of modern medical concepts into the background of long-time relationship and confidence in the “traditional healers and native doctors”.

The initial outlay for conducting the studies mentioned above may appear high but such data would become rewarding in the long run and make the health delivery service more reliable and cost effective. The tropical developing environment encourages the rapid spread of disease, especially HIV/AIDS, mostly in the rural illiterate setting. It is therefore, mandatory to have mass medical/health education incorporating literacy classes coupled with the production of potable drinking water that will control common preventable diseases such as guinea-worm infection, schistosomiasis, amaebiasis and soil-transmitted helminth infections. These account for 40% of our hospital admissions/attendance and constitute a severe drain on our national health status and economy (Akintayo, 1990).

 

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ASSESSMENT ON THE LEVEL OF AWARENESS OF HIV/AIDS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

 

EFFECT OF ADOLESCENTS’ PERCEPTION AND AWARENESS OF HIV/AIDS ON SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

EFFECT OF ADOLESCENTS’ PERCEPTION AND AWARENESS OF HIV/AIDS ON SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

The study attempted to of HIV/AIDS infection in selected secondary schools in Surulere Local Government Area of Lagos State. In this study, some relevant literature review was carried out under sub-headings. Also, the descriptive research survey was used in the assessment of the o examine the effect of awareness of HIV/AIDS on students’ perceptionpinions of the selected respondents with the use of the questionnaire and the sampling technique. A total of two hundred and fifty (250) respondents were selected and used in this study to represent the population of the study. A total of four (4) null hypotheses were generated and tested with the application of the independent t-test and Pearson Moment Correlation Coefficient at 0.05 level of significance.

At the end of the data analyses, the following results were obtained:

(1) Hypothesis showed that there is a significant effect of counselling on students’ perception towards HIV/AIDS infection.

(2) Hypothesis two revealed that there is a significant gender difference in students’ perception of HIV/AIDS infection.

(3) Hypothesis found that there is a significant difference between students who have positive perception towards HIV/AIDS and those who have negative perception towards HIV/AIDS infection.

(4) Finally, hypothesis four indicated that there is a significant relationship between sex education and students’ attitudes towards HIV/AIDS infection.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1Background to the Study

The topic of human sexuality is inter-disciplinary in nature. It covers all aspects of becoming and being a sexual, gendered person and includes biological, psychological, social, economic and cultural perspectives. The impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in the country as well as the urgent need to stop its spread, caused a desperate search for a programme of education that will target the scourge. This according to Adara (2002), ushered in the new paradigm on adolescent reproductive health education in which the adolescent is given the opportunities to develop a perspective on sexual health that includes appreciation of self and others or opportunities to express desires and feelings in a healthy context (Anyikwa, 2002).

The Resolutions and Programmes of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) made it imperative that adolescent reproductive health issues among other issues of human population should take centre stage in schools. Moreover, recent scourge of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria brought about the urgent need to deal with adolescent reproductive health issues without further delay. In 1998, for instance, 60% of all reported cases of HIV/AIDS came from the age group 15 – 24 years (NERDC, 2001). Thus, concepts of Sexuality Education (SE) were accepted as critical to helping young people with the acquisition of adequate knowledge, skills and responsible behaviours in order to prevent and reduce Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) including the dreaded HIV/AIDS.

 

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EFFECT OF ADOLESCENTS’ PERCEPTION AND AWARENESS OF HIV/AIDS ON SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

EFFECT OF PUNISHMENT AND REWARD ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

EFFECT OF PUNISHMENT AND REWARD ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

 

ABSTRACT

This study examined the effect of punishment and reward on academic performance of senior secondary school students in Shomolu local government area of Lagos State. Five research questions were formulated to guide the study. Through the process of simple random sampling, a total of two hundred (200) students from five (5) senior secondary schools were selected to participate in the study. The major instrument used for collecting data was a questionnaire tagged EPRAP. The data collected were analyzed. Chi square was used to test the hypotheses. Findings showed that punishment has significant effect on the academic performance of students. It was also discovered that intrinsic reward has no effect on the academic performance of students. Research also showed that extrinsic reward has a significant effect on the academic performance of students. From results findings, it was recommended that students should focus more on self motivators rather than on gifts and awards. Also, teachers, and parents should use all forms of punishment and reward systems appropriately as over use frequent reliance on any of them may reduce the effectiveness.

Motivation itself is a hodge-podge- a term of very complex dimensions. It is known to include the rewards and punishments among many other interacting drives, forces and incentives which affect or influence student’s learning. ‘Extrinsic’ forms of motivation like rewards and punishments have always been used by lectures/ teachers educators to correct or stimulate certain forms of behaviors. Yet, what their effects and consequences are, whether they facilitate or hinder learning and to what extent, how they operate to increase, if at all, the efficiency of learning and many such allied questions have remained largely unanswered. Or, their answers have generally been improvised, for the most part, from intuition, conjecture or just intelligent guess- work rather than on research findings. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to examine these questions in order to discover (uncover, to be more specific) the effect of punishment and reward on the academic performance of students. For purposes of analysis, rewards will include intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. Also, punishment will include corporal punishments, Expulsion and suspension.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Students are priceless assets and most essential elements in education. It is absolutely necessary to direct students to exhibit acceptable attitude and behavior within and outside the school. In an attempt to achieve an organized and peaceful school environment and maintain law and order, school management specifies rules and regulations to guide the activities of members of the educational organization. Student’s discipline is a prerequisite to almost everything a school has to offer students (Selfert and Vornberg, 2002). Seifert and Vornberg further linked discipline with both the culture and climate of the school thus. In schools where discipline is a serious problem, for example, where students bully others, parents tend to transfer their children to ‘better’ schools, and because the well behaved usually perform well (Rigby, 2000), their transfer can affect the overall performance of that school. Troublesome students can sometimes make teachers react emotionally to the extent of using punishment. But punishment, instead of curbing behavior, can aggravate it (Dreikurs, Grunwald and Pepper 1998). Currently, schools have different types of reward and penalty policy in place, but almost all of them have one common goal which is to motivate students to learn. Educators nowadays are aware that giving penalties are counterproductive.

Punishment is the use of physical or psychological force or action that causes pain in an attempt to prevent undesirable behavior from recurring. Scolding, threats,deprivations, and spankings are all forms of punishment. Back in the nineteenth century, Froebel wrote that the use of punishment was a good way for adults to make a child “bad”. If the goal for child is the development of morality, of making good choices on his /her own, then punishment should not be involved .conditions should be created that not only allow but strongly induce children to be or become moral and disciplined individuals who can make good choices on their own(Bettelheim,1985;Ramsburg,1997).

 

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EFFECT OF PUNISHMENT AND REWARD ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

EFFECTS OF COUNSELING ON DEPRESSED SPINAL CORD INJURED PATIENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

EFFECTS OF COUNSELING ON DEPRESSED SPINAL CORD INJURED PATIENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to investigate and analyze the effect of couns It was a fact-finding research work, written explicitly in five chapters with eachelling on the depressed spinal cord injured patients at the National Orthopaedic Hospital Igbobi, and Lagos University Teaching Hospital. chapter containing interesting and vital information on the study.

The chapter one contained the background to the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, significance of the study, research hypotheses etc., all these were well written out to give the study a focus and solid background.

The methods and procedures used in the course of the study were contained in chapter three of the study. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study based on its appropriateness and effectiveness in generating data for the study.

The study also relied on the use of questionnaires as an instrument of data collection; fifty copies of the questionnaire were administered on the sampled respondents in the two settings viz National Orthopaedic Hospital Igbobi, and University of Lagos Teaching Hospital respectively.

In the chapter four of the study, the data collected were adequately presented and analyzed using simple percentage and frequency distribution table. While the research hypotheses were tested using independent t-test statistical tool at 0.05% significant level.

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

1.1Background to the Study

National Orthopaedic Hospital, Igbobi, Lagos is a specialist hospital, established on the 6thof December 1945 following the Second World War (1939 – 1945). It served as a military rehabilitation clinic for the wounded soldiers from the West Coast of Africa. Injuries suffered by the wounded soldiers include traumatic amputation, fractures, dislocations and spinal cord injuries.

The hospital was designated a Parastatal of the Federal Ministry of Health by the Decree 91 of 1979. The hospital was also designated as a World Health Collaboration Centre in 1981 for purposes of Education, Training and Research, clinical services delivery has also been extended to victims of burns and those for plastic and reconstructive surgery as far back as 1982.

The proliferation of spinal cord injured patients admitted into the hospital in the 70s necessitated the creation of special wards (male and female) for these unfortunate victims of vehicular accidents, falls and gunshot wounds. The extensive and prolonged care of these patients gave rise to the appellation – IGBOBI LANDLORD.

Spinal cord injury is one of the most devastating injuries resulting from motor vehicle accidents, stab injuries from assault, gunshot injuries and sports injuries with resultant paralysis and disability.

This spinal cord injured patients at the National Orthopaedic Hospital Igbobi, Lagos have been found depressed following injuries to their spinal cord. The researcher, a counsellor in training, sought to investigate into the effect of counselling on the depressed spinal cord injury patient at the National Orthopaedic Hospital because of the physical, physiological and psychological effect associated with these unfortunate patients.

 

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EFFECTS OF COUNSELING ON DEPRESSED SPINAL CORD INJURED PATIENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

FAMILY BACKGROUND AS CORRELATE OF CHILD SOCIALIZATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

FAMILY BACKGROUND AS CORRELATE OF CHILD SOCIALIZATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

The study examined family background as correlate of child socialization: a case study of selected schools in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. Descriptive research survey design was adopted in assessing the opinions of the respondents with the use of questionnaire. Three hundred and fifty respondents were used as the representatives of the entire population of the study. Five null hypotheses were generated and tested with the use of the Pearson Product Moment Correlation for hypothesis one; One-way Analysis of Variance for hypothesis two, three and four while hypothesis five was tested with the application of the independent t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. At the end of the data analyses, the result shows that:

(1) there is a significant relationship between home and children’s social adjustment.

(2) there is a significant relationship between the parental socio-economic status and children’s social adjustment.

(3) there is a significant relationship between parental ethnic backgrounds and children’s social adjustment.

(4) there is a significant relationship between parents’ religious backgrounds and children’s social adjustment.

(5) there is no significant gender difference in the academic performance of children due to home backgrounds.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1Background to the Study

Socialization is a unique process to childhood. According to the socialization theory known as symbolic interactionism, socialization is required for each role an individual acquires over the life-course.

According to Peterson and Haan (1999), socialization is considered to be more general either enculturation or acculturation. Enculturation and transmitting a particular culture from one generation to another (e.g. minority members of the society teaching their children about minority issues, such as discrimination). Acculturation on the other hand, refers to the process of acquiring a new or different culture (e.g. as an immigrant to another country). Ross and Buriel (1998) described socialization as the process whereby an individual’s standards, skills, motives, attitudes and behaviours change to conform to those regarded as desirable and appropriate for his/her present and leaves open the possibility that adults, an addition to children, can be socialized into new roles and responsibilities. Thus, the late twentieth century conceptions of socialization, suggest that parents as well as children are socialized by others referred to as socialization agents (Pillemer and Mccartney, 1991). There are many theories that address both the transition to parenthood and parental involvement, as well as the socialization of children (e.g. social learning symbolic interactionism). There are however, relative theoretical models that focus on socialization of parents (Warpmer, 1993), despite the fact that parenthood has a powerful influence on the development of the adult, to say nothing on the child. Existing developmental models of parents’ socialization typically use conceptions or the birth of the child as the starting point in parental development. Furthermore, most approaches focus on parents-child relations in infancy, childhood or adolescence ignoring on-going parent-child relations across the life-course.

A popular adage says “Charity begins at home”. A child is first of all the product of his immediate environment, which is his/her home. The effect of home factor on the development of the child and most importantly, his/her social adjustment cannot be overemphasized (Mundi, 2000). This is because right from conception, when life begins the embryo develops in the mother’s womb until birth.

 

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FAMILY BACKGROUND AS CORRELATE OF CHILD SOCIALIZATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

INFLUENCE OF ADULT EDUCATION ON FAMILY PLANNING. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

INFLUENCE OF ADULT EDUCATION ON FAMILY PLANNING. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

The study attempted to investigate the influence of adult education on family planing in Ikeja Local Government Area of Lagos State. The study also reviewed relevant and extensive literatures under sub-headings. The descriptive research survey design was employed in this study in order to assess the opinions of the respondents with the application of questionnaire and the sampling technique. A total of 160 (one hundred and sixty) respondents were selected as samples representing the entire population of the study. Four null hypotheses were formulated and tested in this study using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation and the independent t-test statistical tools at 0.05 level of significance. At the end of the analyses, the following results were obtained: 1.Hypothesis one revealed that adult educational programmes will significantly influence family planning among couples. 2.Hypothesis two found that the socio-economic status of couples will have significant effect on their level of family planning. 3.Hypothesis three result shows that religious belief of couples will significantly have relationship with their level of family planning. 4.Hypothesis four show that there is a significant difference between the attitude of the educated couples towards family planning and those who are illiterates. All the null hypothesis were rejected. This shows that adult educational programmes has significance influence on the level of family planning among couples in Ikeja Local Government Area of Lagos State.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1Introduction/Background to the Study

Adult education has been given varying definitions by many scholars and organisations.

UNESCO (1976) defined adult education as denoting “the entire body and organised educational process, whatever the content the level of method whether formal or otherwise, whether prolong or replace initial education in persons regarded as adult by the society to which they belong develop their abilities, which theirschools, colleges and universities as well as apprenticeship, whereby  knowledge, improve their technical and professional qualifications and bring about changes in their attitudes or behaviour in the two fold perspective of full personal development, participation, balanced and independent social, economic and cultural development.

“Adult Education is a process whereby persons who no longer attend school on a regular and full time basis (unless full home programmes are especially designed for adult) undertake sequential and organised activities with conscious intention of bringing about change in information, knowledge, undertakings of skills, appreciation and attitudes or for the purpose of identifying and serving personal or community problem”.

According to Onuoha (1990), programes that are adult education based are agricultural and farmers training programme, adult literacy programmes, occupational skill training, youth clubs, various community development programmes, programmes of instruction in health, nutrition, family planning co-operatives etc. These programmes, Onuhoa went further, are for the creation of awareness, passage of necessary information and the enhancement of individual development, growth and social well beings.

People have consciously or unconsciously engaged themselves in family planning throughout history. Abstinence either life long or temporary and prohibitions, forbidden intercourse during certain festivals, effectively curtail the fertility rate (the number of life birth for each woman during her life time) (Barns 1990). Also separation of husbands from their wives for long period of time either because of war or employment, curtail the birth rate and fertility.

 

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INFLUENCE OF ADULT EDUCATION ON FAMILY PLANNING. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

INFLUENCE OF CHILD ABUSE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

INFLUENCE OF CHILD ABUSE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

This project work focuses on the effects of child abuse on students’ academic performance. The study attempts to unravel the causes, effects and remedies to child abuse among secondary school students in Lagos State. It was carried out in Bariga Local Government Area of Lagos State. A sample of 100 was randomly drawn from selected secondary schools in the local government and questionnaires were administered to the respondents. The mean percentage test, which was adopted in the study’s analysis, indicated that excessive battering of a child by parents/teacher/guidance; broken homes, child hawking before and after school and unconducive learning environment are all causes of child abuse. Also, it was found that child abuse negatively affects child’s school performance; such abused children are vulnerable to early pregnancy. Ill treatment as well causes permanent and life-long trauma, thereby making children develop low cognition to school subjects. The preaching of good morals by religious leaders to parents and guardians was part of the recommendations made in this study. Also, melting out punishment in form of fine on erring parents/guidance especially those forcing their children to hawk, and prevention from bad for peer influence will help eliminate or reduce to the barest minimum the incidence of child abuse among secondary school students.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Child abuse and neglect are fastly becoming universal phenomena in the current world societies despite the fact the child’s rights are being recognized and even to some extent, protected by legislations and constitutions in many countries of the world. Childhood abuse potentially has major economic implications for Nigerian schools and for their students. Even conservative estimates suggest that at least 8 percent of U.S. children experience sexual abuse before age 18, while 17 percent experience physical abuse and 18 percent experience physical neglect (Flisher, Kramer, Hoven, & Greenwald, 2007). Childhood maltreatment, and aversive parenting practices, in general, has the potential to delay the academic progress of students (Shonk & Cicchetti, 2001). It therefore has the potential to undermine schools’ ability to satisfy standards of school progress entailed in the No Child Left Behind legislation (U.S. Department of Education, 2005), putting them at risk for loss of federal funding. It also has the potential to adversely affect students’ economic outcomes in adulthood, via its impact on achievement in middle and high school (Cawley, Heckman, & Vytlacil, 2001).

Child abuse has been defined by the African network for the prevention and protection against child Abuse and Neglect (ANPPCAN) as the intentional and unintentional acts which endanger the physical, health, emotional, moral and the educational welfare of the child. Hopper (2004) also described child abuse as any act of maltreatment or subjection that endangers a child’s physical, emotional and health development.

Gelles, (2007) affirmed that child abuse include not only physical assault but also malnourishment, abandonment, neglect, emotional abuse and sexual abuse.

According to Mba (2002), prominent form of child abuse in Nigeria are child battering, child labour, child abandonment, neglect, teenage prostitution, early marriage and forced marriage. Kolander (2000) stated that emotional and sexual abuses are highly noticeable in Nigeria. Oji (2006) observed that babies born by teenage mothers in Nigeria were 625,024 as at the reporting time.

 

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INFLUENCE OF CHILD ABUSE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

INFLUENCE OF MATE SELECTION AND SELF-DISCLOSURE ON MARITAL STABILITY AMONG COUPLES. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

INFLUENCE OF MATE SELECTION AND SELF-DISCLOSURE ON MARITAL STABILITY AMONG COUPLES. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

This study attempted to examine the influence of mate selection and self-disclosure on marital stability among couples in Lagos State.

The descriptive research design was used in the study. The questionnaire was used to assess the opinions of the selected respondents with the collection of relevant data from them, while the sampling technique was used to select the sample size of the study.

A total of 120 (One hundred and twenty) respondents were selected by the application of the stratified sampling technique. Also, a total of four (4) null hypotheses were stated and tested with the application of independent t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance.

At the end of the tests, it was found that a significant relationship between mate selection and couples marital stability exist; and that a significant relationship exists between self-disclosure and marital stability among couples. Furthermore, the findings showed that no significant gender difference exists in self-disclosure among couples, and it was finally found that there is no significant difference in marital stability between couples who disclosed themselves and those who did not. All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Two null hypotheses were accepted and two were rejected.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The choice of a mate is a problem that human beings share with most other animals, because successful reproduction is central to natural selection. Peahens choose among most attractive peacocks, female elephant seals and even promiscuous chimpanzees exercise choice about their chimps with which they will be promiscuous (Broude, 1994). In every human society in the world, methods have been evolved for people to pair up and eventually get married in order to establish their own families. For most of the societies, this process was largely controlled by parents and kins in early days. Parents usually had direct control through strong community and kinship networks that exerted pressure on youths to conform to traditional norms. Only few societies, if there is any, allow young people to choose partners without the approval of parents and/or other relatives. It is when people remain in their communities or places of birth, that the bond of strong kin, networks is crucial in mate selection (Ekiran, 1996). Although mate selection process was once controlled by parents, it has now become much a matter of personal choice by the young lovers.

Blossfed (1994), identified some methods of mate selection among individuals which include:

a. Arranged method of mate selection.

b. Self-selection method.

c. Mate selection by friends.

d. Mate selection through others.

According to Blossfed, parents choose spouses. Bankole (1991) observed that the general practice is for a father to look for a girl for his son to marry. the preliminary steps usually begin around puberty. According to Fadipe (1990) the usual age for girl’s betrothal start from ten years. Sometimes girls are said to have been marked out from childhood as intended wife for a particular young man with or without her knowledge. This however, may begin as a kind of joke between the two families involved, but with time the intention becomes more serious and often times, results to marriage. According to Fadipe (1990), this method of mate selection is true of the Yoruba people of the South-West Nigeria, and other ethnic groups in the nation during the early days.

As Adesomoju (2000) puts it, when an individual chooses his or her marital partner, this could be regarded as the self-selection method. This method was very uncommon in the early days, although it seldomly happened. Self-choice is the most prevailing method today. This is because since young people in search of higher education and better employment opportunities leave the rural areas for the urban centres, they are largely out of the control of their parents and as such, they choose marital partners by themselves. The factors at work can be summed up as: a change in economy, the decline of rural areas, the rapid growth of some occupations and the decline of others, the lure of the cities, the new opportunities far from home, the importance of education, and the relative emancipation of women, all of which led young men and women to seek more independence from their parents. Self-selection method is more pronounced among remarried couples than first marriage couples.

 

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INFLUENCE OF MATE SELECTION AND SELF-DISCLOSURE ON MARITAL STABILITY AMONG COUPLES. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

INFLUENCE OF BEHAVIORAL COUNSELING ON DEVIANT BEHAVIOR AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN FCT ABUJA. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

INFLUENCE OF BEHAVIORAL COUNSELING ON DEVIANT BEHAVIOR AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN FCT ABUJA. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

Abstract

This study investigated the influence of behavioral counseling on deviant behaviors among secondary school student in FCT Abuja. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design method. The target population for this study consisted of secondary school counsellors in FCT. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 133 respondents across secondary schools in Abuja. The questionnaire titled “behavioral counseling and deviant behavior among secondary school student Questionnaire” was administered to the school counsellors. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for the data analysis. The findings revealed that deviant behaviour is caused by a lack of effective parental upbringing.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study

Deviant behaviour varies from one society to another. It is obvious that what might be seen normal behaviour in another community might be seen abnormal in another. For example, in the Northern parts of the state covering of body is a very big culture and it is highly respected as their tradition demand but, in the Southern region it is not allowed while because it is against the ethics of our cultures. But in the north it is their style of dressing and cannot be violated, if one does it has become a deviant behaviour and that person will be sanctioned or killed as their culture permits in the north. However, deviant behaviour should be stamped out to allow development and growth. Opong (2008) states that deviant behaviour is a disease that is against transparency, justice and fair play. Education is the hallmark of progress for effecting change and growth. Pertinently, it is on the basis of this, that government at all levels shows concern in making education a top most priority to ensure every person’s achieve it and also come up with effective policies that will enhance educational growth of the citizenship (Angel, 2016). The functions of education in metamorphosing the citizens cannot be overemphasized, Agi (2015) posited that education is the art of loading a person from the dark are of ignoramus into the limelight of knowledge and understanding. This means or implies that an educated person can help in transforming the society for positive growth and development. Eremus (2015) posited that rules and regulations are not obeyed in our schools as there are much cases of examination malpractice, truancy, bullying, extortion, sexual offences, dishonesty, drug offences, dressing offences and porous behaviours etc. He said this ill attitude signifies deviation from standard functionality of student’s behaviour. It is on this basis that Angel posited that school has become a place of committing different types of atrocities and also beg the government, parents and school administrators to wake up and ensure proper elimination of deviant behaviour in our educational system. Asute (2014) asserts that the importance of education in transforming the individual cannot be overemphasized; Akinade (2014) sees education as a sharp light leading people to knowledge. This implies that an educated person will help in transforming the country for positive growth and development. Solomon (2010) explained that the dos and dons are not obeyed in our schools as there are much atrocities such as cases of extortion, sexual offences, bullying assault, dishonesty, uncordial behaviour, drug offences and dressing offences has been the cankerworm or virus that speaks volume in our society. It is also on this regard that Barr. S. (2010) asserts that deviant behaviour is a notable hindrance towards the achievement of quality education in our educational system. Secondary schools have the extraordinary difficult task of educating today‟s youth who will someday be responsible for political, economic and cultural well-being of the nation. Ideally, contentious teacher and dedicated school administration provide students with essential social and intellectual skills. With the government ban of corporal punishment in 2001 as a strategy for managing indiscipline in schools, schools administration are left with the option of suspension, expulsion and manual work but with the emphasis on guiding and counseling the victim. Guiding is more of directing, teaching and coaching.

 

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INFLUENCE OF BEHAVIORAL COUNSELING ON DEVIANT BEHAVIOR AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN FCT ABUJA. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

EVALUATING TEACHING AND LEARNING OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

EVALUATING TEACHING AND LEARNING OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

Therefore this study was designed to evaluate the teaching and learning of guidance and counseling in Colleges of Education. Four research question and two Hypotheses guided the study. An evaluation research design was employed in order to carry out the study. A total of twenty nine (29) guidance and counselling lecturers in Colleges of Education and (348) 300 level students of Colleges of Education Cross River State participated in the study. A structure Guidance and Counselling Evaluation Questionnaire (G&CEO); and Guidance and Counselling Evaluation Observation Schedule (G&CEOS) developed by the researcher were used for data collection. The reliability co-efficient of the instrument was 0.74 using correlation analysis while four experts carried our validation. Four research question and two research hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance guided they study. Frequencies, Percentages, Means and Standard deviation were employed to answer the research questions while the chi-square statistic was used to test the hypothesis. The result among other shows that facilities and materials for counselling exercises are not available, for practical learning, period allocated for guidance and counselling is not adequate, based on the findings, it was recommended that government should establish counseling laboratories in schools and equipped them with facilities to meet counselling challenges. Student counselling practicum and functional library should be provided to enable students and lectures carry out references in guidance and counselling. Lecturers should improvise instructional materials basically for conuselling exercises to boost their profession.

ix

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1. Population Distribution = = = = 61

TABLE 2. Means and Standard Deviation of the extend of

Agreement of students and Lecturers of the

Suitability of course contents in achieving the aims

of guidance and counselling. = = = = 65

TABLE 3. Mean and Standard Deviation of Instructional Method Adopted for effective teaching and learning of guidance

and counseling = = = = = = 67

TABLE 4. The checklist shows the response of students/lecturers In ranking order of availability of Instructional

Material facilities needed for effective teaching and Learning of Guidance and Counselling = = 68

TABLE 5: Means and Standard deviation on problems encountered

By Lecturers in Guidance and Counselling = = 70

TABLE 6; Is Guidance and Counselling Observation Schedule = 72

TABLE 7; Summary of Chi-square for H01 = = = 73

TABLE 8: Summary of Chi-square for H02 = = = 74

1

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study

Education is a means through which nations build their desired society and it is an instrument for a change. Education is aimed at inducing a change in individuals in some desirable way and add to the knowledge they already posses (Onwuka, 1981).

The arrival of missionaries in Nigeria brought formal Teacher Education in the country. The need for evangelization encouraged the training of personnel for the purpose of teaching. Initially, these personnel functioned as catechists who teach religious doctrines in the churches but later realize the need to train them to provide manpower for other services. This continued until 19thcentury when the formal institution for the training of teachers was established in the country (Akuyimu, 1991). The Ashby commission in 1959 came with the revolution of Teacher Education. The Ashby commission reportedthat the country’s (Nigeria) manpower development depend on the number of qualified teachers and recommended teacher Education programme upon which the whole system of education depended.

From the recommendations, two schemes of Teacher Education were introduced. One of these schemes was teacher certification programme which was established with the assistance of UNESCO. Later both the Federal and the

2

then Regional governments established in all five Advance Teaching Training Colleges (ATTC) in 1962 following the Ashby commission recommendations. This was later changed to Colleges of Education (COE).

The Colleges of Education are charged to train teachers in various teaching subjects and methods, who will teach in the senior section of the nation’s primarySschools and in the junior section of the secondary schools. Specifically, the National policy on Education (2004) stipulates that the aims of teacher education are to:

xProduce highly motivated, conscientious and efficient classroom teachers for all levels of our educational system.

xEncourage further the spirit of enquiry and creativity in teachers.

 

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EVALUATING TEACHING AND LEARNING OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS ON PRE-MARITAL SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP AMONG TERTIARY STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS ON PRE-MARITAL SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP AMONG TERTIARY STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

 

ABSTRACT
This study focuses on the “Perception of premarital sex among students in higher education The challenges of sex before marriage have drawn concern; This is due to different social problems it generates. understanding is that, sex before marriage comes with its own dangers and if not treated properly can lead to more social problems. To achieve the stated objectives of the research, data were collected through the questionnaire as a tool. The data were analyzed using the Likert scale method to achieve clarity. According to research findings, it was concluded that sex before marriage among students has reached alarming proportions and that sex before marriage is now part of the social life of students and as such, students see nothing wrong with it. Therefore, it was recommended that, early sex education should be given to children, regular campaign and public awareness on sex before marriage should be carried out and that parents, government and the general public need take it upon themselves to bring their own quota to the education and the reduction of sex before marriage.

 

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PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS ON PRE-MARITAL SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP AMONG TERTIARY STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

INSTRUCTIONAL NEEDS OF TEACHERS FOR INCLUSIVE CLASSROOM IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING  

INSTRUCTIONAL NEEDS OF TEACHERS FOR INCLUSIVE CLASSROOM IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the debate about inclusive education has moved from high-income countries like the United States and Canada to a low-income country like Nigeria, where an official policy of educating children and youth with disabilities alongside their peers without disabilities in ordinary schools has been adopted (National Policy on Education, 2008). There is a growing recognition that including students with disabilities in general education can provide them with the opportunity to learn in natural, stimulating settings, which may also lead to increased acceptance and appreciation of differences. Thus, the debate continues among educators, local, state and federal policy makers, parents, and even people with disabilities in Nigeria regarding the efficacy of inclusion and the inevitable restructuring of general education that will need to occur to make learning meaningful in an inclusive environment. The perception has been that the debate has resulted in pressure greater than ever before for most students with disabilities to access the general curriculum and attain the same standards as typical students.

 

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INSTRUCTIONAL NEEDS OF TEACHERS FOR INCLUSIVE CLASSROOM IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

COUNSELORS’ PERCEPTION ON THE CAUSES OF DIVORCE AND ITS IMPACT ON ADOLESCENTS IN EDUCATIONAL ZONE. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING  

COUNSELORS’ PERCEPTION ON THE CAUSES OF DIVORCE AND ITS IMPACT ON ADOLESCENTS IN EDUCATIONAL ZONE. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

Divorce is a legal termination of valid marriage. Divorce is a recurrent event in Nigeria which has impacted more than one-third negative effect on most children (Owusu-Bempah, 2007). For many children, the effects of divorce can have instantaneous and long-lasting results on their educational achievement. Divorce is one of the many problems facing the family unit today. People have different views on the effect of divorce on children but not a few analysts opine that when a couple opt for divorce, the resultant effects on them and their children are most times negative. The term ‘divorce’ came from the Latin word “Divortere” meaning to turn different ways or separate. This implies that Divorce is the final termination of marital union which cancels the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage and dissolve the bonds of matrimony between the parties. This could happen after a husband and wife decide not to live together anymore and that they are no longer interested in their marriage.

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COUNSELORS’ PERCEPTION ON THE CAUSES OF DIVORCE AND ITS IMPACT ON ADOLESCENTS IN EDUCATIONAL ZONE. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF DIVORCE ON NEWLY MARRIED COUPLES. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING  

CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF DIVORCE ON NEWLY MARRIED COUPLES. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

Divorce is a legal termination of valid marriage. Divorce is a recurrent event in Nigeria which has impacted more than one-third negative effect on most children (Owusu-Bempah, 2007). For many children, the effects of divorce can have instantaneous and long-lasting results on their educational achievement. Divorce is one of the many problems facing the family unit today. People have different views on the effect of divorce on children but not a few analysts opine that when a couple opt for divorce, the resultant effects on them and their children are most times negative. The term ‘divorce’ came from the Latin word “Divortere” meaning to turn different ways or separate. This implies that Divorce is the final termination of marital union which cancels the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage and dissolve the bonds of matrimony between the parties. This could happen after a husband and wife decide not to live together anymore and that they are no longer interested in their marriage.

ABSTRACT

Marriage is an institution whereby men and women are joined in a special kind of social and legal dependence for the purpose of founding and maintaining a family. Marriage by universal definition is the legal relationship between a husband and wife. It is a union between a man and a woman, at least so we thought until recently (Wikipedia, 2009).Many marriages collapses like a wall immediately after the marriage has been arranged, this because most of the newly married couples seem not to be satisfied with the marriages that do not last more than five years. They break up because they seem not to be satisfied as at marriage time. The early years of marriage are critical period for couples because the early years may be volatile and some relationship dissolve and because the early years may get the stage for future distress or healthy people functioning. Marriages do not always last which result to divorces. “Divorce” simply put is the legal ending of a marriage. Divorce is the final termination of a marriage, cancelling the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage and dissolving the bonds of matrimony between two persons. A marriage must have legally been in existence before a divorce and consequential issues can arise. It is one of the most serious social problems in the modern world. It has become very common recently, and it affects all levels of society.

 

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CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF DIVORCE ON NEWLY MARRIED COUPLES. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ANALYSIS OF FACTORS THAT ARE MILITATING AGAINST EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING  

ANALYSIS OF FACTORS THAT ARE MILITATING AGAINST EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

Teaching is a set of events, outside the learners which are designed to support internal process of learning or the process through which information often education training is passed. While learning is about a change; the change brought about by developing a new skill, understanding a scientific law and changing an attitude. Education as a tool for the empowerment and sustainable development is indispensable both to the individual and the state at large. This is one of the major philosophical objectives that education is set to achieve as entrenched in the national policy on education (FRN 2004). Education is held as a major tool that can liberate a man from the fangs of ignorance. Some of such poverty indicators which education tackles are identified by UBE (2002) to include ignorance, hunger, lack, complex and social weakness among others. Education should be that, that guarantees the development of sterling qualities and skills that will enable one embrace that challenge of leadership and practical statesmanship in the affairs of this country Nigeria. On attaining Independence status as a nation in 1960 what seemed a major concern to most Nigerian leaders then was how education would be accessible to all citizens of the newly created nation. Education was seen as the necessary instrument immediately and essentially for the consolidation of the independence, for securing the new nation against neo-colonialism and for making workable newly established self-government in a multi-ethnic society. Mass education, at least to the level of literacy, was also seen by the Nigerian leaders to be necessary to create a proper foundation for a democratic government (Best, 2011). The desire to use education for nation building was (and is still) very compelling and so much was the faith in education that the schools of the nation were not only meant for political socialization but also for other social functions and for economic growth. To achieve these goals Universal Primary Education (UPE) was introduced nationwide in 1976, although hitherto this has been practiced in some parts of the country. Toward the end of the second decade of achieving nationhood status, therefore, Nigeria witnessed a phenomenal expansion at all levels of her education. A number of studies have been carried out to identify and analyze the numerous factors that affect secondary school student learning and academic performance in various centres of learning.

 

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ANALYSIS OF FACTORS THAT ARE MILITATING AGAINST EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE AND IT’S EFFECTS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING  

CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE AND IT’S EFFECTS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

This research is carried out to critically review the causes of drug abuse among secondary school students in Oredo Local Government Area, Benin City as a case study. To make this research a reality questionnaires were administered to collect information, the information was collected from different places. The motive behind the research on the causes of drug abuse among secondary school students stem from the belief that students now engage more on drugs than before. This research also seek to find out factors responsible for the causes of drug abuse in schools. The collected data though questionnaires were analyzed computed in percentages. And the following were seen as the major causes of drug abuse in schools; lack of parental care, failure of school system, social disorganization of parents, unlicensed drug stores, and peer groups influence.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Drug abuse is a social problem of great concern in our society like other social problems; drug abuse has been attracting the attention of sociologist, political scientist, psychologist, philosophers, criminologist and social workers.

Social worker in particular, have been working relentlessly to provide solutions to the problems posed by drug abuse, to this end, several causal explanations, causes affect as recommendations through drug abuse could at least the reduced in the society. But since the aim has not been fully accomplished, the need for more research work on the problems becomes more imperative coupled with the facts that the problem seriously affects the social, economic, political and academic lives of drug users in both rural and urban areas.

Drug abuse has far reaching effects on the progress and aspiration of the youth of all lends. It determines how far the students can benefit from the available opportunities provided by the homes, the government and the community.

Various definition and explanations attempted is that the age of the students is usually between the ages of 15 years and 18 years old.

Drug abuse is referred to as substance abuse which involves the repeated and excessive use of chemical substances to achieve certain effects. These substances may be street or illicit drugs illegal due to their potentials for addition and abuse. They can also be drug obtained with a prescription, use of the pleasure rather than medical reasons.

The most unfortunate victims of these drug are the students (youths) these acts or activities are never in conformity to the general accept modes of behavior in the society.

Drug abuse can lead to rape, armed robbery, cultism, murder, theft, fighting e.t.c drug abuse leads to a wide range of anti social tendencies as mentioned above. It starts during the adolescent stage where the child feels it s fun to get involved in drugs and can develop into a chronic addict and can cause untimely

Drug: is an illegal substance that some people take, smoke, inject e.t.c for the physical and mental effects it has.
Abuse: is it to take or use something in a way that is wrong or harmful.
Drug abuse: a drug is said to be abused when its use is not pharmacological or physically necessary it can also be used to describe a situation whereby the dosage of a given drug is exceeded by the user.
Addict: a person who is unable to stop using harmful drugs.
Psychiatrist: a doctor who studies and ill mental illness.
Cannabis: a drug made from dried leaves and flowers of hemp plant which is smoked or eaten and which gives the user of a feeling of being relaxed.
Alcohol: is a drink that can make people drunk and starts misbehaving.
Illegal: something that is not allowed by the law.
Psycho: a person is mentally ill and who behaves in very strange violent way.
Student: a person is studying at a school.
Social control agencies: these are means through which a society ensures conformity to the existing norms and values of the society.

 

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CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE AND IT’S EFFECTS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

PARENTAL INFLUENCE AND CULTURAL BELIEFS AS CORRELATES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL GIRLS ATTITUDE AND ACHIEVEMENT. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

PARENTAL INFLUENCE AND CULTURAL BELIEFS AS CORRELATES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL GIRLS ATTITUDE AND ACHIEVEMENT. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the parental influence and cultural beliefs as correlate of secondary school attitude and achievement in chemistry The study employed a Correlational research method. An instrument titled: Parental Influence and Cultural Beliefs as Correlate of Secondary School Girls Attitude and Achievement in Chemistry (PICBCSSGATAC) was used to collect relevant data for the study. The ten secondary schools involved were selected based on stratified random sampling technique and the statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) using descriptive statistics were used to determine the rural community challenges as correlates of senior secondary school achievement and attitude towards chemistry. 100 sample sizes were used for the study. 3 research questions were designed and formulated for the purpose of the study. The study revealed that there is a significant relationship between parental socio economic status and academic achievement of girls in secondary school. It also revealed: Parental influence may not affects secondary school girls’ attitude towards chemistry, it also revealed that Cultural biases impede girls’ learning and pursuit of chemistry as well as other sciences, the study further revealed that science, particularly chemistry is seen as the domain of males and not for females; and girl’s choice to study science is seen as weakening her identity as a girl and as making her appear less feminine, it further revealed that girls do not see the relevance of studying chemistry as its impact on their life career pursuit and it finally revealed that girls tend to perceive science as difficult, uninteresting or unappealing in the future prospect it offers. Based on the findings of this study, recommendations and suggestions were made for students, parents, teachers and school administrators and relevant agencies for further research.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of Study

Chemistry is a scientific study of structures, substances, how they react and behave under different conditions. (Advanced Learners Dictionary 2006). Chemistry is one of the core science subjects in secondary school curriculum.

It is a subject with wide knowledge area. This position makes aspiring students to embrace it early but often, parental perceptions as being difficult to learn, projects negative attitude in the minds of their children who have interest in the subject. As a result, males are more favoured than females. Girl’s low participation in chemistry and sciences in general has been an issue of great concern to science educators and researchers alike (Onyene, 2004). Recognizing the role of science (chemistry) in contemporary society, with the potential to improve lives in a multitude of ways and advance national development the task of redressing the shortfall in human resources in the area of science (chemistry) and technology in order not to leave woman of the process is considered important and necessary. A country’s ability to create, apply and diffuse scientific and technological knowledge is now a major determinant of its socio-economic development and national competitive. This potential, however, cannot be fully realized without making the best use of the entire population of a nation-including girls and women. It is noted, however that most African countries lag behind in the generation of the human technological capacity on which further economic development is heavily dependent (Salome, 2013). Studies have shown that a student’s performance in science (chemistry) and mathematics is a strong indicator of later earnings (Ekine and Abey, 2014). This is the case even within the education system where teachers and lecturers in science (chemistry) are often paid more or have a competitive advantage over their colleagues in other fields. It is also in science (chemistry] and mathematics subjects that many of the cognitive and non-cognitive skills necessary for individual and national development, such as higher order thinking and problem solving, are expected to be learned. For science to largely remain the domain of men is a sure means to perpetuate existing inequalities on the basis of gender in society.

 

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PARENTAL INFLUENCE AND CULTURAL BELIEFS AS CORRELATES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL GIRLS ATTITUDE AND ACHIEVEMENT. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

PARENTAL INVOLVEMENTS, SUCCESSES AND CHALLENGES IN PROMOTION OF FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

PARENTAL INVOLVEMENTS, SUCCESSES AND CHALLENGES IN PROMOTION OF FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

This study sought to examine parental involvement, successes and challenges in the promotion of family life education.

A descriptive survey design was chosen to carry out the study. An instrument designed by the investigator was used to collect data for the study. One hundred and fifty subjects responded to the questionnaires given to them.

Data analysis involved the use of frequency counts, percentages and t-test statistical techniques. The results showed that parents’ involvement in family life education is a contributor to the promotion of the success of family life education, parents occupational status is a contributor to parents involvement in family life education, majority of the respondents are of the view that students may be successful academically despite adverse family conditions, parents either single parents or parents of intact homes know the importance of family life education and thus press for their children to achieve against all odds, but it was discovered from the research that parents from intact homes showed a greater interest in the up-bringing of their children than their counterparts from non-intact homes.

It was recommended that education with a clear understanding of the lives of their school families ought to encourage the emergence of a definition of parenting involvement which would recognize a broad array of parental behaviors intended to support academic success, there is the need to introduce and broaden traditional population education to includes topics such as reproductive health, the status of women intergenerational relationship, and problem solving skills in order to improve family and social welfare, efforts should be made by education stakeholders to ensure that most schools provide some form of sexuality education for adolescent and efforts should be made by non-governmental organization (NGO’s) to facilitate access to wide range of parenting information, services and support throughout the country.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the study

Preparing individuals and families for the roles and responsibilities of family living is nothing new. Because knowledge about human development, interpersonal relationships, and family living is not innate, societies have needed to develop ways through which they may transmit the wisdom and experience of family living from one generation to succeeding ones. Some societies transmit his knowledge through formal means such as puberty initiation rites. For the most part however, individuals learn about family living in the family setting itself as they observe and participate in family activities and interactions in their own and other families

As societies change and become more complex, this pattern of informal learning about living in families becomes inadequate.

The development of new knowledge, advances in technology, and changing social and economic condition create situation where the teaching of previous generation are no longer appropriate or sufficient. In this circumstance, societies must find or create new ways to prepare individuals for their family roles and responsibilities. One of these new ways is Family Life Education

 

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PARENTAL INVOLVEMENTS, SUCCESSES AND CHALLENGES IN PROMOTION OF FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

PARENTAL INFLUENCE AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AS CORRELATES OF PERSONALITY ADJUSTMENT AMONG ADOLESCENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

PARENTAL INFLUENCE AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AS CORRELATES OF PERSONALITY ADJUSTMENT AMONG ADOLESCENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

The study examined the effect of parental socio-economic status on students’ personality adjustment at the secondary level in selected public secondary schools in Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State. Also, this study reviewed some relevant and related literatures under sub-headings. The descriptive research survey was applied in this study for the assessment of the opinions of the selected respondents for this study, with the use of the questionnaire and the sampling technique. A total of 200 respondents were sampled for this study. Five null hypotheses were formulated and tested, with the application of Pearson Product Moment Correlation and the t-test tools at 0.05 level of significance. At the end of the testing of hypotheses, the following results emerged: there is a significant relationship between parental socio-economic status and students’ personality adjustment, there is a significant relationship between broken homes and adolescents’ personality adjustment, there is a significant gender difference between the performance adjustment of adolescents in intact homes and those in divorced homes, there is a significant influence of parental discipline on adolescents’ personality adjustment in schools, and there is a significant influence of family size on adolescents’ personality adjustment in schools. Based on the conclusions reached in this study, the following recommendations were made: parents should ensure that they give every support that their children and wards need in their academic endeavour and social adjustment. Parents should endeavour to have the number of children that will not give them much stress in training or bringing them up. At this present period where the economy has nose-dived, parents should be aware of this down-ward economic trend, and therefore be conscious of the number of children they rear in their families. This is because, too many children will give much stress to the parents and this can affect their economic well-being and the education of the child.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1Background to the Study   

Parents are the greatest single influence on their children’s development in two indisputable ways. Parents act as socializing agents in providing goals and value system from which the child develops various patterns of behaviours. In some situations, parents adopt care-free attitude towards the learning of their children, even their social orientation, and this has in many instances, caused the low academic performance of children even maladaptive behaviours in their immediate society (Hake, 2009).

According to Ndubuisi (2005) there is a positive correlation between parental attitude and children’s social orientation and academic achievement. Ndubuisi (2005) is of the opinion that parents’ dimensions of value placement on their children’s well-being or otherwise, significantly affects the child’s positive or negative adaptation to his/her society and even the way he/she carries out his/her academic work in school.

 

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PARENTAL INFLUENCE AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AS CORRELATES OF PERSONALITY ADJUSTMENT AMONG ADOLESCENTS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

THE ATTITUDE OF UNDERGRADUATE SANDWICH STUDENTS TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING METHODS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

THE ATTITUDE OF UNDERGRADUATE SANDWICH STUDENTS TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING METHODS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to assess the level of awareness of contraceptives among female undergraduate sandwich students at University of Lagos. Also, the descriptive survey research method was used in the assessment of the respondents’ opinions with the use of the questionnaire and the sampling technique. The population of this study comprised of 2400 sandwich students in University of Lagos. The variables in the study include attitude of undergraduate sandwich students and awareness towards family planning at University of Lagos. In this study, relevant and extensive literatures were reviewed under relevant sub-heading such as method of contraceptives, concept and nature of contraceptives and family planning, origin and evolution of family planning, the benefits of contraceptive, causes of increase in population growth and rise in fertility rates and summary of the review. This study was delimited to Faculty of Education, University of Lagos. A pilot study was carried out to prove the reliability of the instrument while content and face validity of the instrument were carried out. The questionnaire was used in this study in order to collect vital information from the selected respondents. The data used in this study were collected through the administration of questionnaire to the selected respondents and collection of same for data analysis. The hypotheses formulated in this study were tested with the use of the independent t-test and the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient Statistical tools at 0.05 level of significance while the bio-data and the data collected from the students were analysed with the simple percentage frequency counts. A total of 150 (one hundred and fifty) sandwich students in the Faculty of Education were used as participants in this study, thereby representing the entire population of the undergraduate sandwich students at the Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Akoka. Equally, 3 (three) null hypotheses were formulated and tested with the use of the Pearson Product Moment Correlational Coefficient Statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. While the bio-data and the research questions were analysed with the use of the simple percentage frequency counts. At the end of the analyses, the following findings were revealed: there is a significant relationship between undergraduate sandwich students’ perception and the use of contraceptives as family planning at University of Lagos, there is a significant relationship between the attitudes of undergraduate sandwich towards use of contraceptives and avoidance of pregnancies, and that a significant gender difference exists in the use of contraceptives amongst undergraduate sandwich students at the University of Lagos. Based on the findings of this study, the study recommended among others that sandwich students should endeavour to abstain from sexual activities, but if they cannot abstain from sexual activities before marriage, they should learn how to use the contraceptives in order to avoid the unwanted pregnancies that can occur.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1Background to the Study

Education can be described as a dynamic activity which involves an orderly, deliberate and sustained effort to develop knowledge and skills (Olusakin, 1998). As Awoniyi (1999) puts it, formal education is a process by which the human mind develops through learning at school in stages from pre-primary through primary, secondary to tertiary (university) institution. The present socio-economic situation in Nigeria has made it obvious that the women must be given sound, formal education as their male counterparts are given.

 

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THE ATTITUDE OF UNDERGRADUATE SANDWICH STUDENTS TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING METHODS. A RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS ON GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING