THE SUPPLIER ‘S AND BUYER’S RELATIONSHIP IN A MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF DANGOTE FLOUR MILL, ILORIN)

PROPOSAL

This project is to focus on the supplier’s and buyer’s relationship in a manufacturing and a case study of Dangote flour mills Ilorin. For easier understanding of the research work, the research will be divided into five chapters. Chapter one of this research work will contain introduction, objectives of study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, scope of study, limitation of the study, and definition of terms. Chapter two will contain the conceptual fraud work and literature review, introduction, definition of product, classification of products, products quality and value, products mix and products line, definition of packing, types of packaging, function of packaging characteristic of good package, factor contributing to packaging growth, and problem associated with packaging as promotion tools. Chapter three entails the research methodology, historical background, type of data used and method of data collection and population size. Chapter four contain the presentation and analysis, data presentation, analysis and interpretation, data analysis and testing of hypothesis. Chapter five contains the recommendation, summary, and conclusion, summary of findings, conclusion, and recommendations.

CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND OF THE DANGOTE FLOUR MILLS PLC.

Dangote flour mills plc recommenced operation in 1999, as a division of Dangote industries Limited [DIL]. One of Nigeria’s largest and fastest growing conglomerates. Following the strategic division of DIL to  unbundle its various operations. Dangote flour mills was incorporated in 2006, the restructuring was completed in January, 2006 when the federal High Court sanctioned a scheme of arrangement where in all the assets, liabilities and undertaking of the erstwhile flour division of DIL was transformed to Dangote flour mills.

From the initial installed capacity of 500MT per day at its Apapa mills, Dangote flour has expanded rapidly by opening in quick succession three other flour mills in Kano [2007]. Calabar [2001] and Ilorin [2005]. Each of the mills started with an installed capacity of 500MT per day but all of them have subsequently expanded resulting in a total installed capacity of 500MT per day distributed as follows:.

Apapa- 1,000 MT per day

Kano- 500 per day

Calabar- 1,500 per day

Ilorin- 1,000 MT per day

These expansions were in response to a national demand for flour and flour based products in addition to the company drive for increased market share.

Thus from a modest beginning the company has grown to become one of the industry leaders within a six-year period. The company has 3 wholly owned subsidiaries, namely Dangote agro sacks limited, Dangote pasta limited and Dangote Noodles limited.

1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF DANGOTE FLOUR MILLS PLC.

The groups milling business was commissioned in 1999 and consists of facilities in Lagos-Apapa, Ikorodu, Kano and Ilorin. All mills have a combined milling capacity of 2.7 million metric ton per annum. The company imports hard wheat from the U.S which is then milled into 50kg bags of flour. The company also produces confectionery flour, semolina and Alkama – a grain consumed in Northern Nigeria. The flour milling business was operated as a division of DIL until January, 2006 when it was spain-off as Dangote flour mills plc [DFM].

The division has three wholly owned subsidiaries Dangote pasta limited, Dangote Noodles limited and Dangote Agro sacks limited.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS:- which comprises executives directors i.;e those involved in the day to day running of the company business and (external) directors who do not partake in the daily running of the company but have voting power at board levels on top company decisions.

The chairman is assisted by the vice chairman has size (6) executives director namely.

Mr. Olakunle Alake                          Operating officer

Mr. Knut Ulvmoen                           Managing director

Alhaji Abdul Dangote             Logistic and distribution

Alh. Sada Ladan-Baki             Transport manager

Alh. Tajudeen Sijuade             Accountant

These directors formulate policies in their directorate that the adjudge would facilitates efficient running their directorates. The directorates are divided into division and the division are divided into smaller units called department assistant managers and supervisor.

Each manager performs specific and report to his divisional heads who will brief the manager director and Deputy managing director.

THE SUPPLIER ‘S AND BUYER’S RELATIONSHIP IN A MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF DANGOTE FLOUR MILL, ILORIN)

THE ROLES OF EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS ON CUSTOMERS SATISFACTION (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ILORIN, KWARA STATE)

ABSTRACT

The role of effect in distribution channel in any organization can not be over emphasized. This is because it assists positively in creating customers satisfaction, since the customer remain the king in any economy.    Distribution channel a locust path and route through which product passes or move from the point of production to the point of consumption is essential hence, its significance never be divorce from marketing product The process cover five chapters: Chapter One:  Background of study, statement of problem, objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms, management, distribution policy and channels, marketing intermediaries agents direct sales. Chapter Two: Has to do with literature review, being the review of past authors work on the subject matter, direct and indirect method of distribution, wholesaling, limited service of wholesaler, retailing and their function, objective of distribution, the channel design decision, accounting for the cost of distribution principle of managing the channels and technique for managing the channel. Chapter Three: Consist of research methodology. This consist of the research method used instrument used for data collection, research population and sample size, the sampling procedure employed and the statistical techniques used in analysis of data and the information of data. Chapter four: Also cover, the presentation and analysis of data and the proof of hypothesis Chapter Five: The finding, conclusion and recommendation, summary   

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.0   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

          It is observe that place it one of the marketing activities include channel of distribution transaction were housing, STORAGE, INVENTORY handling etc. when product have been produced, marketers have to create to place utility.

          It does not matter how good products are the movements it cannot get to the customer at the right place, the objectives of marketing are defeated.

          Distribution channel involves inter – related activities that enhances the movement of goods and service from the producer and to the point of consumption through organization that performs different types of marketing activities. It is critically essential that marketer understand channel of distribution facilities that will enables to distribution facilities that will enable them to research their target market effectively.

          Distribution channel concept is essentially the development and operation of efficient flow system for product it relates to other activities of the firm to the extent that it is difficult to isolate them exception in conceptual terms.

          Beside its interaction with promotion and other marketing functions, the distribution management concept also interact with production, this makes distribution a key to success market that is distribution is central to the success or failure of company’s efforts.

1.1   STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM

          The aim of producer, is to produce goods and service to wards consumers wants and satisfaction, and one of the means to let consumers get satisfied is to enable consumer get the goods at the rights place. This can only be possible through channels of distribution which are often linked to pipe inked to pipe line through which a product flows on its way toe the consumer. It is therefore, become interactive that markets understand channel or distribution and that they are able to distribute facilities that will enables them to reach their market target effectively. The route taken by goods and services include the manufacture intermediacies and the ultimate consumers. Intermediaries in the channel process include wholesaler, retailer and various kinds of agent such brokers.

The channel distribution is an organization dispute its important have been observed to create the problem of high price of goods and service which in turn usually bring about low sale of companies product, reduction in consumers satisfaction etc. it is as a result of this problems that the research is under taken to ensure its minimization and maximize consumers satisfaction. As a result of the above problem mentioned, the choice of channel of distribution to be used should be headed with care, infant the following factor company objective market consideration product characteristics, middlemen characteristics consumer and characteristics environment characteristic are fundamental toward choosing distribution channels and firms must take cognizance of them.

Therefore, channel of distribution should be heated as total system of action. Producer and middlemen should understand that each of them is one component of total systematic organization that is designed to maximize market effectiveness in selling the company product and meeting customers satisfaction.

THE ROLES OF EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS ON CUSTOMERS SATISFACTION (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ILORIN, KWARA STATE)

THE ROLE OF STORE AND THE RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER DEPARTMENTS IN MANUFACTURING COMPANY (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTTLING COMPANY ILORIN)

PROPOSAL

          This research work will be objectively carried out on the role of store and its relationship with other department in a manufacturing company’s using Nigeria bottling company, Ilorin Kwara State as a case study.

          This project is basically concerned with the importance of stock, its function as well as its relationship with other department in a manufacturing company.

          More so, this research work is design to enlighten on the role of store in effective performance of any manufacturing company, which greatly depend on the prompt and efficiently supply of purchases material and services to the organization. Nevertheless, the success of any manufacturing company requires close liaison and corporation between store department and all other internal department such as marketing, production design, engineering, finance, quality control and personnel department.

          This write up will be divided into five (5) chapters in order to facilitate easy reading and better understanding.

          Chapter one contain the introduction of the subject matter of the study, statement of the problem encountered in the course of carrying out the research, the rational of the study which is partially fulfillment of the award of national diploma (ND) purchasing and supply in Kwara State polytechnic, Ilorin.

          Chapter two deals with literature review. This will include the definition of store, functions, important and policy in an organization and method of store equipment employed in the manufacturing company.

          Chapter three gives detailed account of method to be used in carrying out the research work.

          Chapter four deals with presentation and analysis of data.

          Chapter five contains the summary of the whole study after recommendation as for each of observed problem.

          This chapter will also contain a brief comment made on the finding in the research work which will serve as the conclusion of the study.

CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

INTRODUCTION

          It has been established that a large percentage of the expenditure of the manufacturing industries is made up of purchase of materials, spare part and component up to fifty percent of company’s budgets.

          The magnitude of the expenditure emphasis the importance of performing the store function in the meet effective manner possible.

          Further more, since materials components and spare constitute life wire of any big or small organization left and in operating store once they are buying quantities of materials that cannot be used immediately must buy raw material according to it production schedules and keep them in the store pending the time that these materials are to be use or needed.

          Moreso, its production cannot sell at the product-produced, it store them pending the two effectives demand is made.

          The important point is that not all the raw materials and components bought are used instantly but rather some are kept temporary. Also the outputs are store unit that are need by the final consumers. Also the role of store in manufacturing industries is well emphasized that due to the importance of store department in an organization both private and public sector need a well defined store functions for an effective storage of materials spare and component  at a minimum economical level.

          The store function has the responsibility for the receipt custody and distribution of stocks and for the determination of appropriate quantities and qualities of material to be held since order that operational needs, may be in an economic possible therefore, store management can become an important tools for the achievement of organization objectives.

          This project has been design to cover store and its relationship with other department in manufacturing company with reference, Nigeria bottling company Ilorin , Kwara state.

          Any organization whatever, either manufacturing of serving, its bound to have a store department in one way or the other for keeping of materials used within the organization. There is no industrial unit or public undertaking of substantial size that can efficiently and effectively managed without a store unit, as set in any organization is to assist in production of good and services.

          As it is well known the primary objective of a store is to provide the services cannot be accurately provided if the store unit does not work in collection with the other department within the organizational. The failure of the store department in performing it outstanding function within the organization structure could lead to a friction or less of efficiency among other department.

  1. STATEMENT OF GENERAL PROBLEM

When carrying the store function in manufacturing industries there are some inevitable problems that do arises during the course of the study, the researcher has observed that large quality of materials input and maintenance repair operating (MRO) are store, since active measure are not taken control varieties. This ineffective and inefficient method of controlling stock is faced by the company under study of it’s method purchasing which can cause over-stocking and under stocking.

The problem of over stocking is a stock whereby there are more materials component spare part in the store than expected or needed for operating during certain period of time. Under stocking on other hand is another problem whereby is carrying less quantity of material required by the user department of an organization.

The store taking is another problem become of the varieties and volume of item held, it difficult for regular stocking and this regularity in store taking can cause problems such as obsolesce and redundancy in the store department.

  1. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The project work carried out on the role of store department and its relationship with other department in a manufacturing company will be of special benefit to store official or personal and purchasing officer who wishes to know how important the role of store department in  a manufacturing organization.

This research work is expose or broaden his knowledge about the subject matter and it has a great significant to the point in time when there is needed to know more about the role of store in a manufacturing company.

This purpose of this research work in partial fulfillment to the requirement of the award of national diploma in purchasing and supply of the institute of financial and management studies (IFMS) Kwara state polytechnic Ilorin.

THE ROLE OF STORE AND THE RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER DEPARTMENTS IN MANUFACTURING COMPANY (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTTLING COMPANY ILORIN)

THE IMPORTANCE OF ACCURATE STOCK CONTROL IN AN ORGANIZATION A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA STOCK EXCHANGE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The importance of accurate stock control in an Organization cannot be over emphasized no matter how diligent the job of control (computerized or manual). Some discrepancies are bound to occur. The system is operated by people, and people sometimes make mistakes.

Every inventory item should be physically counted and checked against its balance at least once a year. This verification of the quality balance is subsequently adjusted to match the actual count, for this reason, most companies created on inventory short hand over account to cater for such discrepancies, this account is eventually close into the manufacturing overhead account. The researchers will also highlight some of the ways of conducting the stock control in one of this ways of conducting the stock control exercise.

The physical inventory can be conducted in one of these ways:

  1. Fixed annual inventory: many companies take physical inventory every year at the close of the financial period.
  2. Continuous Inventory: at the beginning of each year, some firms divide the inventory period into fifty two equal groups to be physically counted without interrupting the production operation or up setting store room activities.
  3. Low point Inventory: some companies take physical inventory regulatory. i.e. whenever the stock level of an item reaches lowest point.

All these three methods are widely used in the selection of the most appropriate that one depends largely upon conditions in each individual business. The fixed annual inventory can be troublesome because it is a major task which must be accomplished in a short period of time. However, it is ideal seasonal business or business that completely closes down for an annual rotation.

The continuous inventory approaches possess two major advantages. It can be planned and worked into scheduled activities without a shut down. It can be conducted in an orderly manner, this approach also facilitate efficient utilization of store personnel. The low point approach minimizes the required inventory work because of the small quantities of materials involved allied product which meet the changing need of it’s customers through the employment of highly trained personnel’s and the utilization of up to date technology while ensuring optimum returns to its shareholders.

A five man board of director whose wealth of experience and expertise span various factors of the Nigeria economy shapes of the policy frame work of the company. Lubcon is endowed with highly talented and technically proficient personnel’s who have in the best tradition equipped and exposed to the demands of both local and global lubricant market. This was achieving through the company human resources policy and programmes.

1.1     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The problem facing the stock control is as follows:

  1. Poor layout: The layout without the store area, create difficulties in location and identification of materials in the store.
  2. The attitudes of the checkers are not reporting to appropriate quarters in case of any fraudulent act discovered that affects the stock control exercise.
  3. Records: there are no proper recording issues and balances.
  4. Accountability: there is no proper report on the receiving and issuing of stock as well as proper documentation on movement of stock within Organization, thus, proper account for stock cannot be maintained.

1.2     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The following are the objectives for carrying out this work:

  1. To find out companies (using Lubcon Oil) can control the level of the stock, preservation materials handling and the other stock operations.
  2. To find out how the function of the store related to the other departments of the company (Lubcon Oil).
  3. To find out how the nature and various types of materials handling equipment employed by store and relative effect on work efficiency.

1.3     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The primary significance of this research work is to fulfill one of the Obligations which serve as one of the pre-requisites for the partial fulfillment of the Award of National Diploma in all Business Administration awarded by the Purchasing and Supply Department, Kwara State Polytechnic, Institute of Finance and Management studies (IFMS), Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.

THE IMPORTANCE OF ACCURATE STOCK CONTROL IN AN ORGANIZATION A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA STOCK EXCHANGE

THE IMPACT OF OVERSEA BUYING ON A COMPANY’S SMOOTH PRODUCTION PROCESS (A CASE STUDY OF GLOBA SOAP AND DETERGENT, ILORIN)

ABSTRACT

The research work is basically concerned with the international procurement and its justification. The research work covers the purchasing activities of Global Soap and Detergent Industry limited Ilorin. International buying is the procurement activities which involved source and obtaining needs or requirement from a foreign country for use in another country. International trade is particularly important to consumer in all nations. Nations trade in what they produce most efficiently in an atmosphere of competitive world, resulting increase standard of living for all people of the world. This research work is divided into five chapters in order to aid a better understanding. Chapter one is the introduction of the subject matter, statement of the problem of purchasing in the company, scope and limitation. The historical background of the company understudy. Global soap and detergent industry limited Ilorin and the definition of terms. Chapter two covers the literature review especially on books that are more useful and relevant to the project under study. In addition to the literature review is definition on international buying reason for growth in international buying problem of international buying justification of international purchasing and relationshi6 of local and international buying. Chapter three is based on research methodology instrument used for data collection, population and sample size statistical method used in analyzing data. Chapter four is the presentation and analysis the data used. Chapter five contains the discussion of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations and references.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Purchasing as a subject and as a business function has really come along way. In the past when material, component part energy etc were abundant and available at ridiculously low price, purchasing was not given proper chance to operate that is why procurement was looked upon as having unimportant function.

However now that material is in short supply there is generally on existence of what is called galloping inflation.

These result to high price of material or unfriendly supply market. It will be very unreasonable for any business firms and indeed government to ignore purchasing function.

With these reason purchasing tends to play an important role in any business organization whether profit or non profit oriented. In a nutshell, the project is about the need for a company to involve international procurement.

To a layman purchasing means the process of buying raw material, component part and service. But in a broader sense procurement can be defined as the purchasing of the high quality of goods at the right price from the right sources and delivered in good condition to the right location and when required.

Procurement these days for organization especially profit oriented company has become very difficult because of the international operation involved. The company has to buy international to make its product. This nowadays firms in African countries or content can now produce their material requirement and service from few distance sources in American continent.

The researcher case study of Global Soap and Detergent Limited Ilorin will at the long run benefit in the are of appraisal made by the researchers on how foreign buying activities are accomplished. At the end of the research work, recommendation to solve the problem can be employed by the company to improve its purchasing performance especially in the area of international buying.

To the reader, especially non professional colleagues knowledge concerning foreign purchasing would be gained and various reason for foreign buying would also be gain.

To the professional colleagues, how international buying is practically carried out in a company would be learnt in addition to the theoretical knowledge gained in the classroom.

Finally, the society as a whole has its share or benefit to be achieved from the project.

1.1    OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

The research work is of importance to the researcher because if forms part of the requirement for the award of Higher

National Diploma in Purchasing and Supply in the Department of Purchasing and Supply Institute of Finance and Management Studies Kwara Poly.

The research study will attempt to inform the organization under the study on the roles and immense contribution of international buying.

However, at the end of the research work, it would help to convince the management of Global Soap and Detergent Limited llorin, that Purchasing contribution is essential the overall corporate the organization lack of this may cause total collapse of the company corporate plan.

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The research study deal with international procurement and its justification in a company. An international buying involves more complex procedure relating to local buying. There is tendency for some problem to arise during the practice. Among some problem encounter by the company are how to locate foreign supplier, how to get traveling document, licensed, importation duties. More so, fluctuation in exchange rates, instability in rate of exchange is one of the problems frustrating the industry in which the cost important becomes higher.

Lastly, the distance between one nation and another may so great that it makes the cost of transportation high.

1.3    SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This research works will cover buying for organization. Thus its scope will be based only on international buying aspect.

Also, the study will be restricted to the chosen company Global Soap and Detergent Ilorin by analyzing the various procedures involved in international procurement. The study will start right from origin of needs and ends with clearing of the goods at what or port of entry.

They researcher faced some problems in the course of carrying out the research work, which range from financial problem and time factors. The researcher was also denied some accessibility to copies of various document use in the organization when sourcing abroad for security purpose. Also the attitudes of the respondent create much problem. Most of them schedule a time in which they will never be around whenever you are there.

Lastly, the organization lack purchasing library in which secondary data can be yet for the researcher.

  • Theoretical Scope: this refers to the area to be covered during the period of research work. The area to be discussed shall be limited to purchasing and supply.
  • Geographical Scope: The researcher shall offer useful suggestions where necessary so that the organization could be able to advice much for progress and make valuable contribution to see the economic depression of this great nation.
  • Industrial Scope: The researcher will focus more attention on the purchasing department with particular reference of Global Soap and Detergent Industry as regard their activities.
  • Time Scope: This is where the researcher would use his time to spend for collecting data from the organization in order to get facts from them.
THE IMPACT OF OVERSEA BUYING ON A COMPANY’S SMOOTH PRODUCTION PROCESS (A CASE STUDY OF GLOBA SOAP AND DETERGENT, ILORIN)

THE IMPACT OF MATERIAL MANAGEMENT ON ORGANISATION PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ILORIN)

ABSTRACT

The proposal is based on the impact of materials management in organization productivity. these project need to be studied in order to bring about awareness at least on the side of the research user and to adopt to the laws given by the manager or management to the workers. Material management can be defined as a science based art which deals with the planning, organization, controlling and directing of the supply and processing actives of materials in an organization. The chapter one of this research work will be basically on the introduction of the case study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, significance of the study, scope and limitations of the study and defined of the terms. The chapter two shall look at the literature review, historical background of the study, source of raw materials, factors affecting the size of raw materials field in store, the male or buying decision, cost associated with raw materials, the inventory management system and the function include in material management. Chapter three of the project shall be looking on the research methodology and review of the case study, research design, population size, research methodology used and method of data collection and analysis. Chapter four of the project will focus on the data analysis through single method and testing of hypothesis. Finally, the chapter five of the project will look into the summary of the findings, conclusion and recommendation of the data.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     GENERAL INTRODUCTION

Material management in an organization is all embracing than any other form of management because of the diverse activities involved such as: 

  1. Purchasing
  2. Stores
  3. Inventory control
  4. Production control
  5. Quality control
  6. Packaging
  7. Warehousing
  8. Inward and out ward inspection
  9. Marketing or sales.

Therefore, material management is the act of planning, organizing, controlling and directing of the supply and processing activities of material in an organization.

The impact of material management on organization productivity is unavoidable either positively or negatively, this. In production, material must be managed properly on order to avoid any the seventy five parent (759) of the entire operation and the money spent on material alone range between 60-65% of the company total arrestment. Therefore, the importance of material in an organization is very obvious and should be given proper attention.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM  

For the purpose of this research work, there are lots of limitation of problem of that lingered the project to be carried all effectively.

Therefore, because we were approaching the end of the National Diploma (ND) there is time constraint and there was not enough time to carry out the project work as necessary.

Also, the research of this project is limited to coca-cola plant at Ilorin; although the company has various plants all over the countries and even the work at large. Therefore, the information supplied in this project milled to business strictly to the economic environment.

1.3     OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

These are the objective of the study that shows the impact of material management on organization productivity. It shows how a manufacturing organization can survive through the effective management of materials. Among the crucial objective of the study are:

  1. To examine how raw materials can be made available directly or indirectly form abroad or within the country.
  2. To look at ways and sub- strategies that can be adopted in order to develop alternative means of getting raw materials so as to guarantee availability when it is needed.
  3. To identify the role of material control in effective management of raw materials such that material can be procured and stored at an economic quality that guarantee a fair price and right quality.
  4.  To take note adequately of the role of machine utilization in the management of raw materials an order to reduce scrap rate.

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE O THE STUDY  

The study lies on how alternative means of getting raw materials can be embarked upon to make possible its availability when need and also to find the solution to the problem of absolve dependence on foreign sources.

The storage of raw materials and economically producers can plan adequately against higher than maximum stock lever and lower than minimum stock level which can bring about some negative implosion on the business capital.

The study also arm at suggesting and deciding strategies.

That can be used and the serried of the manufacturing industry through efficient materials which will lead to economic boost.

1.5     SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

The project will focus on the relevant aspect of materials management in production and it limitation to its relationship with the current situation of our economy. It will cover areas like sources availability and utilization of raw materials.

 In the course of study, the research is limited to Nigeria bottling company Ilorin and in searching for the collection of data, only workers  in department that have relationship with the project topic will be adequately unrolled such as production department, store department, purchasing department quality control and the account or administer department.

THE IMPACT OF MATERIAL MANAGEMENT ON ORGANISATION PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ILORIN)

THE IMPACT OF MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT ON STORE ACTIVITIES (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT LIMITED COMPANY)

PROPOSAL

This research project will be based on the impact of materials handling equipment on store activities a case study of Doyin investment limited Ilorin. Handling equipment is device for effecting inventory movement within and outside the store. The research work will consist of five chapters. Chapter one will discuss the introduction historical background of the study, statement of the general problem the objective of the study, the significance of the study, research, scope of the study, limitation of the study, hypothesis formulation, definition of the terms. Chapter two contain the literature review, chapter three will focus in research methodology, research design, source of data, research instrument used, research instrument used, research population and sample size sampling procedure employed and method of data analysis. Chapter four will be data presentation, analysis and test of hypothesis. While chapter five will detail out the summary of finding, conclusions, recommendations, references and appendix.       

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION

Most organizations whether in manufacturing service or extractive field of operating make use of materials handling equipments in their daily operations.

Handling of materials, which is the main activity in store house and stockyards are costly operations and therefore, the methods and equipments employed in handling should be efficient

As in many other aspects of store function, the approaches depend on the nature of the business, the kind of stock carried and the size of the accommodation.

In a large stores house responsible for a wide range of a goods with weekly output measured in hundred of tons it will b e necessary to provide some manual handling equipment and mechanical handling for moving the heavy materials. In this case, it’s not unusual to find overhead cranes, fork lift trucks and conveyor all in operations. With mobile and crane and dumpers in the stockyards.

The impacts of materials handling equipments on the store function of an organization cannot be over emphasize for effective service, organization should be able to transport materials, equipments, spares from one point to another as effectively as possible.

As a result material handling equipments, only few workers are needed for its operation and this tends to save the company huge amount of money, time and reduction in work of the labour. The position of materials handling remains a subject of concern to most business organization.

It’s on this vital issue that research work will focus by examining the role o purchasing and store departments. In regard to material handling operation manufacturing organization. Although, these functions spend a significant Portion of organization income.

1.1   HISTORICAL BACKGROUND DOYIN INVESTMENT COMPANY

Doyin investment Nigeria Limited was sited along Asa Dam Road Kwara State. The company specialized in product of Flash. Hi-Cleans, Vogues, Dento Clean and Wash rite.

The company was incorporated in October 1984 by the Federal Government of Nigeria under the Commerce and Industry Act 1985 all the installation started immediately.

The Head Office is at Lagos State. Doyin is from Kwara State. He decided to site the industries in the state capital for the purpose of reducing the problem of unemployment within and outside the state.

The materials used in production are imported materials but now some materials are being produced locally. Some of the materials were specially made for Doyin investment Nigeria Limited from oversea e.g. Blank Corp. Sodium Syndicate etc.

The organizational chart showing department and staff position. The General Manager is the Head of the industry.

The sole responsibilities of the whole operations rest on him. He is the only person that gives order on any important issues. When there is a need to Purchase capital equipment or purchase large quality of raw materials involving millions naira.

After the General Manager are the Technical Manager, Production Manager and Quality Control Manager.

The technical manager wherever there is any needs to purchase costly equipment. The Product Manager has under him the raw materials store, central stores and warehouses where they keeps the finished products.

The raw materials that always kept in the store for production include:

  1. Flash Cartons for packing the detergent.
  2. Inner case in which the soap and the detergent itself are being packed.
  3. Polly products (Wash Right Bags) are used to pack the detergent that was no in cartons. It is weighted in kilograms (500kg).
  4. The components at the raw materials store:
  5. STPP (Sodio Tripolifapato)
  6. Sodium Syndicate
  7. Glue
  8. Blank Corp
  9. Blue Due
  10. perfume
  11. Caustic Soda
  12. Sulphuric Acid.

All the raw materials are kept for production process in the raw materials store until they come to request for them from the production shop floor. The STPP (Sodium Triphotasopato) is in separate tank with the provision of taps so that as they are being dissolved by water, some are passes to the next machine where the operation starts.

The sodium syndicate is used to neutralize the acid of the detergent during the production. Glue, Blank Corp and Caustic Soda are also parts of the raw materials used for production for the detergent and during this period it is in white colour. The blue due will be supplied so that it will change the white colour to blue colour, It depends on the colour of the detergent they want to produce, perfume is then supplied at the final stage, so that the detergent will give passive smell, this will normally be on the cloth. The quality control manager in collaboration with design and engineering department work on how much chemical should be used, the design packing and packages, what types of colour will attract the customer, the dimension for the cartons hardness so it does not just get spoiled anyhow. The amount of raw materials to be used in forecast by the quality control department. At it’s always happening in cost -organization the store department will supply all document connected with the purchase of raw material arid stationeries to the account department so that tie necessary funds is given to them to buy from outside organization. The entire document are not given to the account department only to issue money for purchasing the materials alone, but the account department use it for the organization annual budget.

In every department there is a supervisor monitoring the affairs of the clerks and other cleaners, so that the information will be flowing upward from the cleaner to supervisor and to different heads of department.

Most of the decision taken in the organization is such the decision flow down warding.

THE IMPACT OF MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT ON STORE ACTIVITIES (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT LIMITED COMPANY)

THE IMPACT OF COMMUNICATION IN ACHIEVING ORGANIZATION’S OBJECTIVES (A CASE STUDY OF KWARA STATE POLYTECHNIC, ILORIN)

ABSTRACT

It is the contention of this researcher that in an organisation, communication describes the process by which managers establish a degree of “commonness” with their employees and with their external public. To that extent, communication is the vehicle by which information and human attitudes are exchanged with others. Simply put, communication is the “glue” that holds business together, for without some form of communication, the managerial functions of planning, organizing, leading and controlling could not be performed. As organisation grow larger and the world “grows smaller”, an increasing interdependence is created among people and within organisation, which multiplies the need for effective communication. This project discusses the importance of communication in enhancing the goals of a business enterprise by defining the concept of communication from the perspective of the human relations school; it also dwells on the influence of electronic communication in the face of globalization, competition and cooperation. It envisions what need to be done by organisation by making appropriate recommendations generated through the findings of the study.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

All of us have been communicating with others since our infancy, the process of transmitting information from an individual or group to another is a very complex process with many sources of potential error, Communication has always been and is still an important aspect of daily living especially so in a commercial organisation which is geared towards optimal profit maximization.

Many people practice the art of communication, the government of a nation to its populace, the teacher to his students, mother to daughter or son, superior to subordinate, manager to supervisor, husband to wife, buyer to seller et cetera.

People who work in an organisation typically spend over 75% of their time in interpersonal situation, thus, it is no surprise to find out that the root of a large number of organizational problems is poor communication skills. However, not every communication is effective. Effective communication is an essential component of organization’s success whether it is at the inter-personal, inter-group, organizational or external level. Communication is essential to all the operatives of business since it is the variable within the organisation that holds them together. It is like the glue used in binding models. This glue holds the various parts together, without the process of communication, the various parts of an organization would not be bound together and the organisation would neither exist nor survive Thus, communication is the binding element of a business and governmental organisations, in order to be successful and to attain its goals, an organisation need people who can communicate effectively.

Communication takes different forms, it could be oral, written, non-verbal or electronic. Sometimes, in order to pass on messages to others, one has to use language (symbols), gestures, drawings that stand for ideas that are intended to convey. These symbols could be ones that other people organize and accept.

Communication is not just giving of information, it involves the giving of understandable information and receiving understanding the messages involved to the extent that the receiver is able to respond by taking appropriate action and or reaction. Communication is the process by which we share our reality with others. Effective communication makes information flow freely from one person to the other in an organisation. It is a continuous process which applies to all levels of organizational hierarchy.

Communication can be defined as a process of transmitting thought, sharing of and imparting of information, it is the giving of understandable message. It is the transmitting of messages and linking of people, it is the conveying and exchanging of messages, it is the creating and exchanging of messages within a network of interdependent relationship et cetera.

By whatever name one may wish to call communication, one thing is very clear, communication touches on every sphere of human endeavor. It serves as an instrument of social interaction and it helps us to understand ourselves, it is the medium through which relationships are established, extended and maintained. Communication provides the means by which people in business politics and other professions act and interact, share and exchange information and ideas, develop plans, proposals and policies, make decisions and coordinate activities.

1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The primary objectives of this study is to satisfy the requirement for the award of National Diploma (ND) in purchasing and supply awarded by Purchasing and Supply department institute of finance and management studies kwara state polytechnic, Ilorin.

Objectives of this study if examine the impact of communication in archiving organization objectives.

THE IMPACT OF COMMUNICATION IN ACHIEVING ORGANIZATION’S OBJECTIVES (A CASE STUDY OF KWARA STATE POLYTECHNIC, ILORIN)

THE EFFECTS OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT ON THE CONTINUITY OF OPERATION OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FLOUR MILL NIGERIA PLC, APAPA, LAGOS)

PROPOSAL

This project work examine the effects or inventory management on the continuity of operation buyers organization inventory management. The need for sound inventory management is thus vital to continue operation of business organization. The research work will consist five chapters in order to ensure easy understanding of the research work.  Chapter one; this will contain introduction, historical background background of the case study problems,  objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitations and constraints and definition of terms. Chapter two; contain literature review. Chapter three; will highlight research methodology introduction, research design, sources of data, data collection tools, administration of data collection tools, research population and sample size, sampling procedure employed and methid of data analysis. Chapter fourl; contains presentation and analysis of data. Chapter five; will shield light on summary of findings, conclusion, recommendation and references.         

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE                   

1.0 Introduction                                                                      1

1.3 Statement of the problem                                                  3

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction

          Store/inventory management is an important function in the management of an organization

          Inventory management is not related to manufacturing concern but it is also important in non-manufacturing organizations.

          This point to the fact that these firms have substantial amount of working capital locked up in inventory. The level of inventory is important to the efficient operation of those firms, investment is important in inventories should be at the optimum level.

          Inventory management is an important aspect to cost reduction schemes. It involves determining the degree of materials required for the best results, planning and designing of materials organization system.

          Thus for the purpose of this research, inventory covers;

  1. Raw materials
  2. Work-in-progress
  3. Finished goods

Inventory usually forms a large population of many firms operations and effective management is therefore required for proper functioning of the normal production, selling operations of the business and for keeping the cost of holding and ordering stock to beeriest minimum

          Excessive inventories vary for a long period are as loss or liquidity. Raw materials are generally difficult to sell as the holding period increases. Therefore exceptional circumstances where it may pay company to hold stock of raw materials. This is possible under the condition of inflation and scarcity.

          Work-in-progress is for more difficult to sell. Similarly, difficulties may be faced when disposes of the finished goods inventories at time, another danger of carrying excess inventory is the physical determination of inventories deterioration occurs with the passage of time this could be due to mishandling and improper storage facilities. These factors are within the management and the necessary investment in inventories are not sufficient to meet the demands of customers regularly, the customers may shift to other competitors this as to loss of market to this common relevant.

1.2 Historical Background of the Study

Alhaji aliko dangote, MFR,GCON, a northerner from kano state Nigeria, was born on10th april 1957 in to a wealthy Muslim family. Who owns the Dangote group, which has interest in commodities. The company operates in Nigeria and other several countries in Africa, including Benin, Cameron, Togo, Ghana, South Africa, and Zambia. As of march 2014, he has an estimated net worth of $25 billion USD. Dangote is ranked by forbes magazines as the 23th richest person in the world and the richest in Africa. He surpassed Saudi Ethiopia billionaire Mohammed Hussein al Amoudi in 2013 by over $2.6 billion to become the world richest person in African origin.

          ALHAJI ALIKO DANGOTE (born on 10 April 1957 in Kano Nigeria) is a business magnate in Nigeria. From the time he was young Dangote has an eye on business. Ha said “I can remember when I was in primary school, I would go and buy cartons of sweet (sugar boxes) and I will go start selling them just to make money.. I was so interested in business, even at that time”. He studied business at the al-Azhra university in Cairo Egypt and there after returned to Nigeria to borrow from his uncle SANUSI ABDULKADIR DANTATA, who provided him a loan of #500,000 when ALIKO was 21 years old, in order to start a business.

The Dangote group was established as a trading firm in 1977; today it is a multi-trillion naira conglomerate with many of it operator in Benin, Ghana, Nigeria, and Togo, at present Dangote has enlarge his line of business to also cover food processing, cement, manufacturing and freight. The Dangote group also dominates the sugar market in Nigeria and is a major sugar supplier to the country’s, soft drink companies, breweries and confectioners.

The Dangote has moved a trading company to being the largest industrial group in  Nigeria and these includes; Dangote sugar refinery, Dangote cement and Dangote flour, just to mention a few.

In July 2012, Dangote approach the Nigeria Ports Authority (NPA) with the idea of leasing on abandoned piece of land at the Apapa port, which was welcomed and approved. He later built facilities for his flour company there. In the 1990s he approach the central bank to allow his transport company to manage their fleet of staff buses, a proposal which was also approved.

In Nigeria today, Dangote group with his dominance in the sugar market and refinery business is the main supplier (70% of the market) to the country’s soft drinks companies, breweries and confectioners and confectioners, it is the largest refinery in African and the third largest in the world, producing 800,000 tones of sugar annually. Apart from this Dangote group owns salt factories and flour mills and is a major importer of rice, fish, pasta, cement and fertilizer, the company export cotton, cashew nuts, cocoa, sesame seed and ginger to several countries. It also has real estate, banking, transport, textile and oil and gas. The company employs over 11,000 people and is the largest industrial conglomerate in the whole of west Africa.

Dangote has diversified in to telecommunication and its building 14,000 kilometers of fiber optic cables to supply the whole of Nigeria. As a result Dangote was honored in January 2009 as the leading provider of employment in the Nigeria consultant industry.                        

1.3 Statement of the problem.

          The previewing economic pressure has led to general shortage or fall in supply of raw materials. This has lead many organization embracing various management techniques to collapse. This ranges from down sizing restricting repositioning, re-engineering and so on. Most organization that cannot survive on this terrain resulted into resentment and possible total close down or collapse (chiquidations).

          Many organization engages in one business or the other either to produce good or render services to customers, in doing this, they have to contented with inventory manage problems. The objectives of the research study certificate on the reprints for the award of national diploma (ND) in purchasing and supply department institute of finance and management studies (IFMS) kwara state polytechnic, Ilorin.

          One of the objectives of this study is to critically evaluates and review the significance of management as practiced in Nigeria flour mills plc with a view of appraised the cost effectiveness or otherwise of such techniques that are employed.

THE EFFECTS OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT ON THE CONTINUITY OF OPERATION OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FLOUR MILL NIGERIA PLC, APAPA, LAGOS)

THE EFFECTS OF AN EFFECTIVE ADVERTISING PROGRAMME ON A COMPANY’S SALES VOLUME (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ILORIN)

ABSTRACT

This research work will be based on the effects of an effective advertising programme on a company’s sale volume, a case study of Nigeria bottling Company Plc, Ilorin.

Advertising is the process of informing the target market level about the existence goods and services and the process persuading them to buy or use the product or service. It effects on the attainment of the required volumes of sales cannot be underestimated: for the purpose of simplicity the whole project will consists of five chapters as follows.

 Chapter one will contain introduction, historical background of the case, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitations and constraint, definition of some keys terms.

Chapter two of the project contains the literature view.

Chapter three of the project contains research methodology, research approaches, sources of data, data collection, instruments, research population and sample size, sampling procedure employed and method of data analysis.

Chapter four will highlight data presentation and analysis.

Chapter five will focus on summary of findings, conclusion, recommendation, references and appendix.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

Advertisement is an important link between the manufacturer of a product and the consumer.

Advertisement is interestingly becoming in major industry in Nigeria and an indispensable activity in our economy.

One of the important institutions in our society is advertisement the important of advertisement should be viewed from both marketing and a communication perspective, effective advertisement its is persuasive it also inform consumer and there by justified it is economy existence.

Through advertisement consumer learns of the existence of product and furthers they learn.

Advertisement therefore, is a buyer guide for consumers or consumable and industrial product. It also provides manufacturers with information about next material equipment and technology.

The market to be presented to advertisement reduces distribution costs but simplifying the task of personal selling or by replacing it entirely it encourages competition it adds values to product by adding to time, place and possession utility. It publicized the material and cultural incentive of an democratic free enterprise society, and also help to motivate increase productive effort with both management and labour, advertisement also stimulate.

Advertisement has not only become and integral part of our social and economic system, but has also grown over the years to assume remarkable proportion to both business activities and a social phenomenon. It has affected not only business but also the whole society creative advertisement is a field with a noticeable progress with the industrial revolution of the 18 century. Time has also changed since the both products and consumers have also change. There is a close communication between the two parties in the buyers and sellers relationship and there is greater choice in the marketing environment and this brings about more aggressive competition.

Manufacturers on their own part believe that advertisement is the only satisfactory method of ensuring that their product gets to the consumers and they believes that it can be successful only if it conforms to consumer wants. The important point is that advertisement to all intents and purpose has to be studied.

1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ILORIN PLANT

The Nigeria bottling company was incorporated in Nigeria in 2008 as a limited liability company while it’s first plant commercial production in 2010 at Ilorin, Kwara state. In 2009 it self it’s plant of Ilorin, Kwara state with the product Coca-Cola Nigeria market, this was the beginning of an existing story of growth and development particularly during the last fifty two year, the sole volume of the Nigeria bottling company increased tremendously from the unit 15 million create in 2011 to 895 million creates per day which has brought about development of good number of sister company with all activities centered on the growth of the Nigeria economy.

Coca-Cola as a product of Nigeria bottling plc can be traced to discover It’s formula by ralmecting fairly 2010 in south American who named the product “coke” the product was test marketed and fund to be likely accepted in 2011, it went public end was quoted on the Nigeria stock exchange with 60% of it’s share held by the public and 40% held the parent company world wide. The company held the fanta lemon, for the bottling in Nigeria of all coca-cola range of soft drinks such as coke, fanta orange, fanta lemon tones, fanta solid water, water fanta block, current sprite crest baiter lemon limca gold spot, fanta pancaffie and Schweppes.

Nigeria bottling company employ over 7000 Nigeria in all field of operation and quality control remains the key word for which the success of the whole operation is determined the data glass company lightly is a company of operation. The crowns seal the bottle. The Benin plastic company make the plastic create for housing bottles.

The book ingredients are carbon, water, sugar and critic is the secret of the company while sophistical washing and filling machines have been installed in all. Plant with high level standard of product is not different anywhere around the word.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

One of the major problem area of this study, is the problems of non-professionalism the establishment of quack advertising agencies, infact a client who gets a poor service from such agency is unlikely to consider the patronage of an advertisement agency in the future, no matter its reputation. In summary advertizing industries in most case lack qualified personnel’s who can deliver effectively as regards the presentation of the company’s product to the consumer.

1.3     AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

This study also intends to achieve this following:

I. To examines the effect of advertisement in the marketing of company’s products

ii. To evaluate the effect of advertisement as a promotional strategy in creating awareness of company product to customers

iii. To examine the significance relationship between advertisement and profitability of the company

iv. To examines basic concept of advertisement

v. To examines the merit and demerit of advertisement

THE EFFECTS OF AN EFFECTIVE ADVERTISING PROGRAMME ON A COMPANY’S SALES VOLUME (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ILORIN)

ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF QUALITY CONTROL TO THE ATTAINMENT OF COOPERATE OBJECTIVES OF MANUFACTURING COMPANIES (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED, ILORIN)

PROPOSAL

This project topic centers an assessment of the impact of quality control to the attainment of cooperate objectives of manufacturing companies with a specific reference to Doyin investment Nigeria Limited, Ilorin. The significance of quality control to the attainment of cooperate objective of manufacturing companies cannot be over-emphasized. The project consists of five chapters as following. Chapter one of this project consist of introduction, historical background of Doyin investment Ltd, statement of the research problems, objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitation of the study, definition of terms. Chapter two consists of the literature review. Chapter three discuss about research methodology, research design used sources of data, instruments used for data collection, research population and sample size, sampling procedure employed, statistical techniques used in analyzing data, Chapter four deals with data presentation and analysis. Chapter five gives the summary of findings, conclusion, recommendations and references.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1   GENERAL INTRODUCTION

        It is important to note that quality control is an important function.

It is so vital that it helps an organization to have competitive edge over the competitors in the market.

A company can conveniently through quality has effective quality policy out-sales competitors’ product in the market.

When we talk about “quality” the definition most people have in mind is “high quality” which is something describable concept, the word is Item used to mean superior quality, but from purchasing angle the acceptable definition of quality is “totality of feature and characteristics of product or service that bear on its- ability to satisfy a given purpose.

“Quality control” in purchasing angle means regulating manufacturing process in order to maintain the required quality.

The management executive is in an excellent position of their company’s profit that originates in the area of quality. The researcher is interested in the topic, because quality is everybody’s focus in an organization.

1.2   HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGER1A LIMITED.

        Doyin investment company formal known as the Global Soap and Detergent Industry limited incorporated in October 1984 under the commerce and industry act in 1986 the company is situated along Asa-Dam Road in Ilorin West Local Government in Kwara State and the company specialized in production of soap, extra power flash, clean and wash rite.

In 1985, all the plants were received into the site and the process of installation commence immediately. The commissioning of the industry was done towards the end of the year 1985, the Global Soap and Detergent industry is an affiliate of Doyin Group of Companies” which has it head office at Lagos, the man Doyin himself is an indigene of Kwara state and the name of his home town is “Agbamu” he sited the industry in the state capital so as to reduce unemployment in the state and outside the state.

Some of the materials used in producing are imported materials but  a lot of research is going on as for them to make use of local material and such materials used include the following: blank crop, sodium syndicate etc based on what is written down there is need to look into the organizational structure.

The organizational structure of Global Soap and Detergent can be said a situation where subordinates are responsible to their superior officers. The top on the list is the General Manager and he is the head of the industry and the sole responsibility of the whole operations rests on lam, he gives order on any important issue e.g. may be there is need to purchase capital requirement or if they are to buy large quantity of material involving huge amount of money after the general manager comes the technical manager under the technical manager is engineering and administration, the technical stores, packaging and the clerks.

The production manager also comes under the general manager and the report directly to him, under the production, manager, we have

The raw material stores, followed by purchasing store supervisor, clerks and the cleaners in the raw material store, the component of raw materials kept there are:

  1. STPP (Sodio Tropoli Fops tap)
  2. Sodium syndicate
  3. Glue
  4. Blank cap
  5. Blue dye
  6. Perfume

All these materials are kept in the raw materials store until they are needed, The STPP (SodioTropoli Fopsta (O) is in a separate tank with we provision of tap as they are being dissolved by water, some is passed to the next machine were the operations starts. The sodium syndicate used to neutralize the acid of the detergent during the production Glue, Blank Crop and caustic soda also part of the raw materials used for production of the detergent and during this period the detergent is in white colour, the blue dye white colour to blue and what is how it goes for other soaps and detergent they produce. At the final stage the perfume is mixed and it makes the detergent to give a passive odour.

Also under the General Managers is the quality Control and under him, we have the preliminary design and under the design comes the supervisor, the clerks and security. The quality control manager in collaboration with design and engineering department works on how chemical should be used, the system of packing, packaging, what type of colour that will attract the customers, the dimension and hardness so that it does not get spoilt any how. The quality control manager also hare some link with the production department which have the purchasing under the department and the area of how the right quality or materials purchased for organization.

Another department that comes under the general manager is the finance department, the finance manager report directly to the general manager on the financial aspect of the organization. The financial department receives all relevant documents from store such as Good receive which will note, all the document connected with purchase of materials which will used in preparing the final budget of the organization.

Lastly, we have marketing manager he also comes under the manager and he report directly to him in area of promotion, market research, sales etc. The marketing managers have under him market research internal and it section, sales and administration and clerks most of the decisions taken in the organization comes from the management and information is passed based on superior subordinate.

The organization chart of Global Soap and Detergent industry is shown below

ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF QUALITY CONTROL TO THE ATTAINMENT OF COOPERATE OBJECTIVES OF MANUFACTURING COMPANIES (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED, ILORIN)

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF STORES IDENTIFICATION AND CODIFICATION PROCEDURE ON EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE STORES OPERATION OF MANUFACTURING COMPANY {A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC. ILORIN.}

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     INTRODUCTION

          Store is being described as any space reserved and equipped for holding stocks, waiting for dispatch to customers for further processing or for further use. The word store can also be used to means inventory (materials). The responsibility of physical situation and condition of materials and issuing when required has with the store man and his department and storage facilities must be adopted to suit the types of materials handle.

          However, for the store to carry out its operation effectively there must be an effective ways of identifying materials. Codification is an organization ways or method of identifying materials to give room for uniformity in the description of the items concerned. It is important to point out, that the success of any stock control systems depend on an efficient coding of materials, although there are many alternatives methods by which this can be enhance, the following are illustration of the case.

  1. Alphabetic code e.g ABC, DEF etc
  2. Numerical code e.g 0123, 5710
  3. Alphanumerical code e.g A102, B2DF etc
  4. Colour code e.g for iron, red, blue, colour for steel
  5. Memonic code e.g choosing symbols which us of there meanings.

1.1     HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF NIGERIANS BOTTLING COMPANY PLC

The Nigerian bottling company plc, came into existence on many 8th 1886, when the late A.G levenites founded the company. It was the first in this country to be offered franchise by an international “soft drink firm” from a humble beginning as a family business. The company has grown to become a predominant bottling of non-alcoholic beverages in Nigeria.

The first plant, which was cited in lagos state, went into operation in march 1953. Coke was the first soft drink to have its own designed shaped bottling which was different from the common trade bottling. In 1972, the company went public by the issue of 372,580 ordinary shares of sokoto each. This was in compliance with the Nigerian enterprise promotion dearer of 1972.

Some years after the Ibadan plant was opened (but later shut down due to non-availability of good water in Ibadan metropolis). Ilorin plant was mainly established to meet the needs of the people in bida, jebba, Ogbomosho, okera, Oshogbo, kontagora, ijagbo, offa, lokoja and Ilorin metropolis the Ilorin plant has 8 managers.

The range of soft drinks bottling by Nigerian bottling company plc (NBC, Ilorin plant produces the following soft drink; fata orange, coke, sprite krest, bitter lemon, ginger ale and eva water in terms of sales, the company enjoys a wide acceptance of its produces. Ranking Nigerian bottling company plc, as a whole its performance is highly appreciated.

The company presently has 13 bottling facilities and over 80 distribution warehousing located across the country. Since production started, Nigerian bottling company plc, has remained the largest bottling of non-alcoholic beverages in te country is terms of sales volume with about 1.8 billion bottling sold per year.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

          There are some problem being encountered by the organization under the study in the area of coding and identification of materials. Firstly, variety of materials in use in the organizatio0n are not standardized, this makes it very difficult to have uniformity in the description of the items.

          Also, the store section of the company under study does not have standard store vocabulary to aid easy. Identification of different materials, consequently, there is adoption of different code for identified users.

          Another major problem facing the stores function of the organization is the lack of uniform and coherent stores policies. This is because the adoption of departmentalized system of stock holding.

Furthermore, there is lack of co-operation between the purchasing inventory control and store department, leading to duplication of effort.

Finally, the store personals are not adequately trained to meet the modern challenges of the stores operations.

1.3     AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

          This research work was writing in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of higher national diploma (HND) certificate in purchasing and supply award by department of purchasing and supply, institute of finance and management studies Kwara state polytechnic, Ilorin.

          Furthermore, the research work was conducted to enable the researcher to have a comprehensive knowledge on store identification and codification procedures as it effects the stores operations of manufacturing company.

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

          Apart from the specific relevance of this project work to Nigerian bottling company plc. This study will work also be relevant to other manufacturing organizations. It will enable them to understand the importance of identification and codification procedures on effective and efficient stores operation.

          The project work will serve as a good reference point to student of purchasing and supply and student of other relevent discipline as well as future researcher writing a similar topic.

1.5     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

          The scope of the study will cover, the impact of identification and codification procedure on effective and efficient stores operation of manufacturing company.

          In the course of this study, the following areas will be examined the features of a good coding system, methods of coding codification. Characteristic of efficient coding system approaches to codification coding symbol and its interpretation, the advantages and disadvantage of coding will be highlighted.

          The scope of the study will be restricted to Nigerian bottling company plc (NBC) Ilorin Plant.

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF STORES IDENTIFICATION AND CODIFICATION PROCEDURE ON EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE STORES OPERATION OF MANUFACTURING COMPANY {A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC. ILORIN.}

THE EFFECTS OF A WELL PLANNED PURCHASING FUNCTIONS IN THE ATTAINMENT OF ORGANIZATIONAL DESIRED OBJECTIVES (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ILORIN)

ABSTARCT

This Project work will examine the effects of well planned purchasing functions on the attainment of organizational desired objectives. (A case study Nigerian Bottling Company PLC, Ilorin)

          The project will consist of five chapters as follows: Chapter one will focus on initial introduction, historical background of the case study, objectives of study, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitations of the study, hypothesis formulation, and definition of terms. Chapter two contains literature review. Chapter three consist of research methodology, research design, sources of data, data collection tools, research population and sample size, sampling procedure employed , method of data analysis. Chapter four contains data presentation, analysis of data, and proof of hypothesis. Chapters five consist of summary of findings, conclusion, recommendation and reference.

ABSTRACT

The research work focused at the impact of public relation enterprises. A case study of power holding company of Nigeria. The study on disclosing impact of public relation on public enterprises. The researcher introduced primary method in gathering information to solve problems. Where questionnaire were administered to selected group. The analysis of the shows that training development helps improving organizational effectives and efficiency. 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

          Business all over the world owes success prospects, existence and growths to the effective application of the purchasing concept to their operations. A business usually start with an awareness of what is really needed for manufacturing and finding  out what these needs are whether major or minor, they would them develop the idea of how to get it.

          Purchasing as the name denotes is the procurements of the right quality of material in the right quantity, at the right time, from the right source at the right price and delivered to the right place.

          These six rights are basic things which purchasing deals with responsibility of purchasing in achieving organizations objectives is not well recognized because many people assume that the function is just a sample exercise of processing requisition and placing orders which is critical task involved in buying.

          However, it is a value creating functions and the role of the buyers is to ensure that the value of money spent reflects not only on the price paid but also the subsequent cost of receiving stores, replenishing and expediting.

          In some cases there is some cost incurred when the supplier fail to meet delivery and satisfy the quality of material required, it is obviously agreed that about sixty-five percent (65%) of company’s total expenditure goes to the procurement of various materials and this has made it so clear that any for the organization without materials no cannot operates effectively as expected.   

          An efficient purchasing and supply management is the pre-requisite for formal and efficient management of materials, manpower and stock in an organization.

1.1     HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY’S PLC

          The Nigerian Bottling Company Plc came into existence on 22nd November 1881 the company was founded by late A.G. Leventis and was the fairest   in the country to be Franchise by an international “Soft Drink Firm” the first plant which was sited in Lagos went into operation in March 1955 with 6 Coke. This had a very modest success and the company decides to stick to this by monitoring the good reputation.

          Coke was the first soft drink to have its own designed shaped bottle which was different from the common bottles in 1972, the company went public by issues of 372 compliance with the Nigerian Enterprises complies promotion Degree of  1972. The company offers 650 ordinary shares for 50 kobo per share.

          The company offered 1.4million shares for subscription and added 81.921 shares, which was transferred from non-resident  share holders to 14,000 when the company first started the operation distribution of  its product to the Northern parts of the country’s this was made possible by A.G. Lenventis made this possible. Group companies of which Bottling Company is a number in other to meet the demand of the customers, additional plant s were established Ibrahim Plant, Port-Harcourt, other area of locations are Apapa, Jos, Kano, Benin and Kaduna in fact the ultimate objective of the company is to establish a factory in each of the state in Nigerian.

          The share was said to have growth by 15 times in the 70’s and with higher hope for 80it is a huge sales recorded for the first half of 90’s every high sales record is being made.

          The subsidence includes Delta Glass Limited, Ugheli which produce the bottle for company use Ijebu Ode. The plastic create are made by NBC in the plastic division of Benin.

          However, the Ilorin plant was established in the year 1976 after a lot of delibration on how day, the Ilorin plant as one of the plant, has offa Okene, bida, Jebba, Oshogo, Ogbomosho as its depot.

          The 20th year of the establishment of Ilorin  plants will be marked in his year 1996. It has located at Coco-Cola Road industrial Estate Folawiyo Road Ilorin.

          There is the administration block at the right side of entrance into the company’s compound followed by the production binding/department the company is well situated for easy movement and locations within the company’s compound.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

          During the course of the study, the research discovered that purchasing function of the company under study was faced with some problems, some of which includes.

          One of the major problem identified by the research was the failure of the organization to recognize the purchasing functions this results to the personnel of other department, handling productive job who have little knowledge of what purchasing is all about.

          Another problem facing the purchasing function in achieving its set goals and objective is the general financial instability of the organization release fund to buy the required materials at the right time. This may so affect the ability or the buyer supplier in settling supplier bills and consequently obtaining better terms and conditions of the contract

THE EFFECTS OF A WELL PLANNED PURCHASING FUNCTIONS IN THE ATTAINMENT OF ORGANIZATIONAL DESIRED OBJECTIVES (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, ILORIN)

PRODUCTION PLANNING

CHAPTER ONE

1.1   INTRODUCTION

          Production planning is a management tool design to facilitate the achievement of organization objectives .production. planning is also the function concern with planning, direction and controlling the methods to be used to produce product and the way in which production facilities such as building, equipment e.t.c. should be laid out in the space available for production to be effectives in the area of production.  Planning in modern contexts, one must be familiar with computational and quantitative techniques and their roles in the solution to production planning problems

          A general statement of the objectives of production planning is making the best uses of the available resources while satisfying demand.

Considering the topic study under production planning has a great effect on the output of any production process i.e in achieving optimum productivity level.

          Is this study, we focus on Okin Biscuit Limited, Offa Kwara State, we look into how production is being planned and its effect on the company’s objectives, these and other related matters will be fully considered in the course of study.

  1. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Planning is regarded as the lifeline of any organization, it is to an organization with blood is to human being. Hence production planning in an organization is equally vital and is of a great significant  of managing financial and other resources of each organization knowing fully well that the management ability to effectively manage and utilize the resources at its disposal will go along to determine the success of such an organization.

          At this point, it become imperative to closely study the effectiveness and efficiency of production planning and the implication it will bring upon the organization. Most especially as it relates to the attainment of the set goals and objectives for which such organization exist.

The main purpose of this study is to examine how production planning is implemented in Okin Biscuit Limited, Offa Kwara State which is the case study.

Specially, the following points will be considered in the study:

  1. What is production
  2. What is meant by productivity agreement
  3. What are the aims and method of production
  4. The factors affecting production
  5. The effect planning has on production in Okin Biscuit Limited Offa, Kwara State.
  1. PURPOSE OR SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

The study is purposely designed to investigate into production planning in a manufacturing organization. This study focused on Okin Biscuit Limited Offa Kwara State. A profit oriented organization that needs planning in order to achieve effective production and its desired production level.

          All over the world, business organizations operate in a dynamic environment, many of these are caused by technological advancement, government, economic and social policies. As a result of this the purpose of this study is to:

  1. Establish the need and importance of production planning.
  2. Examine production planning process in Okin Biscuit Limited Offa, with a view to determining the future sales level of its production and make recommendation base on this discovery.

Talking about the significance of this study as said earlier in the introduction, production planning is of great importance as it results into effective output and maximum utilization of all the available resources.

                   The significance of production planning in a manufacturing organization is that it is enables the various production manager to know the particular problem  that affect their operation as a result of the research being carryout thereby enabling them to implement plan in the necessary area.

                   The study will also be of great help to other student , in similar project on production planning.

PRODUCTION PLANNING

THE EFFECT OF SOUND STORE MANAGEMENT ON SMOOTH MATERIALS FLOW IN MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATIONS (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN GROUP OF COMPANIES NIGERIA LIMITED)

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction

This project was been design to cover the effects of management on the smooth flow in manufacturing industries, Doyin investment company plc. For any organization to work effectively and in order to increase profit margin of the organization there must be effective management of inventory. Once the organization perceive the desire to buy some materials and equipments either for usage within the offices or for servicing works outside the organization, the role of store management becoming inevitable.

          The store sees the control of stock by ensuring that goods or materials are checked, recorded and put in appropriate place in the store. In a service organization, production of goods does not take place but service are rendered. In order to brink about efficient services, appropriate methods, techniques must be practice in the store.

It is the aim of the researcher to look into low section or department is managed in a typical maintaining organization. The management of the store will be determined by its size and types of materials held in the store. These factors will equally determined the use of the centralized store in system or decentralized store system and the recognitions of sub-store in the organization. It  is expected therefore that the affairs of stores department is to be handled by the professional in the field.

  1. HISTIRICAL BACKGROUND OF DOYING INVESTMENT COMPANY      

Doyin group of company Nigeria limited is the first wholly indigenous soap and detergent manufacturing company in Nigeria. It was incorporated on 8th October, Asa dam road, Ilorin the Kwara state capital.  

Doyin Group of Companies is owned by courageous and experience industrialist Prince (Dr.) Samuel Adedoyin, who had for many years been championing indigenous technology background integration and the use of location materials in the call of the Kwara State Government on indigenous to join hand with the State Government to industrialized the state. Company has on its board, Prince (Dr.) Samuel Adedoyin D. with FWADE piloting at the chairman and Managing Director which is the Executive Director. The Management comprises a list of 27 Managers. Some who are heads of various departments with Engr. T.N Njoko as the General Manager?

          The company started operation with one detergent plant with 5 tons/hour capacity in 1985 (presently increased to ten ton/hours) and metamorphosed into a conglomerate of seven plant by 1994 as shown in the table below.

S/N NAME OF PLANT CAPACITY PRODUCT
1 Detergent plant 10 tons/hour 2009 Flash Bold (10kg, 5kg, 2kg) Wash Rate (10kg, 5kg, 2kg, 1kg) and Sugar Deal.
2 Scourer Plant 1 ton/day Hi Clean Scourer in Poly and Canisters.
3 Soap Plant 2 ton/hour Toilet Soap, Vogue, Laundry Soap, Hi Clean Bold.
4 Sulphonation Plant 1 ton/hour Sulphuric Acid (Raw Material) for the production of Soap and Detergent.
5 Glycerin Evaporation 1 ton/day 99% Glycerin (Raw Material)
6 Silicate Plant 10 tons/day Silicate (Raw Material for Production of Detergent Soap)
7 Detergent Bar Point 1 ton/hour Detergent Bar.

          The cardinal belief of the company is that human resources are its most available assets.

          The staff strength of forty (40) with one expatriate in 1985 haws steadily increased to about 1000 work force who are entirely Nigeria at present. The company put a high premium on training and re-training all categories of staff at organized courses, workshops, and seminars in plant and on  the job in the field to sharpen individual staff.

          This became necessary to retrain the very of the work force to turn around the company; weak points ensure industries growth and survival amidst the healthy rivalry prevailing with allies industries.

          The company compares favorably in the provision of effective medical and insurance scheme transportation and incentive package etc. to boost workers morale, we however, do not mortgage enforcement of discipline.

          The company’s range of products has continued enjoy good patronage from Nigeria due to their consistently high quality. It is in record that Global Soap and Detergent Industry was he just indigenous company to have recalled the “NIS” Certificate mark for quality with its first 3 years operation. There are 17 sales depots scattered all over the federation to service the nooks and corners of the country.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

          During the course of carrying out the research work the researcher discovered that the store management of the organization under study was the feed with the following problems.                                  

  1. The first problem relates to how the acquire trained personnel in handling the stores activities. There were very few qualified personnel to handle the store operation effectively. The staffs handling the stores operations are those with less educational backgrounds like the primary seven and school certificate holder. So that by virtue of their long service they become executive in the store line.
  2. Secondly, lack of goods storage facilities for the materials held in the store. Certain re-equipment and facilities have to be made available so that materials will be in proper state or condition, but researcher discovered that some of these facilities are lacking in the store of the establishment under study.

1.3     OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

          The primary objective of writing this project work is to ensure that the researcher satisfy one of the basic criteria for the award of National Diploma in Purchasing and Supply awarded by Purchasing and Supply department Institute of Finance and Management Studies Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.

          This research project will also serve as a useful reference and source of information to future researcher writing in the similar topic.

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

          The research work has a great significance to uncovered and shed more light on indispensability on the role of Stores Management in manufacturing organization.

          This project among other thins will ensure the management of the case study through proper documentation on the stock items understand that basis for food store

          It ensure of continuity of operation in an organization control has in manufacturing for food record keeping.

THE EFFECT OF SOUND STORE MANAGEMENT ON SMOOTH MATERIALS FLOW IN MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATIONS (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN GROUP OF COMPANIES NIGERIA LIMITED)

MAKE OR BUY DECISION AS AN IMPORTANT TOOLS FOR PROFITABILITY IN MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATION. (A CASE STUDY OF GLOBAL SOAP DETERGENT INDUSTRY LIMITED, ILORIN).

ABSTRACT

        This project has been specially written to cover “make or buy decision as important tool for profitability in a firm” with particular reference to global soaps and detergent industries Ltd, Ilorin. The term “purchasing” is used in industry to denote the act of the functional responsibility for procuring materials, supplies and services.

        However, in a narrow sense an considering the topic make or buy decision as an important element for profitability, the term supply describes the process of buying and in a broader sense, the term determine the need, selecting the supplier, arriving at proper price, terms and conditions, issuing the order, follow up to ensure proper delivery.

        This project work is divided into five (5) chapters. Chapter one of this project discussed the introduction of the subject matter, statement of general problem, rational behind the study, scope and limitation of the study, historical background of the organization and definition of the term used.

        Chapter two contains details of different type of literature review on the subject of make or buy decision.

        Chapter three entails the research method used, instrument used in data collection, research population and sample size, sampling procedures used, statistical techniques used in presenting and analyzing data setting of hypothesis.

        Chapter four deals with presentation and analysis of data, interpretation of data, reason behind make or buy decision at global soap and detergent industries ltd, Ilorin, benefit of make or buy decision to Global soap, and detergent industries Ltd, Ilorin and testing of hypothesis.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1  INTRODUCTION

The decision to either make or buy material required for production processes and other purpose is very paramount most especially   in manufacturing companies such as global soap and detergent industry limited Ilorin. Many organizations consider it profit ability o manufacture (make) the material required in he house, if here are enough facilities to embark  on such, while the decision to make materials in house is considered wrong by some organization due to their lack of enabling facilities or simply says they are not aware of the benefits there in.

The decision has regard to make or buy should not be handling with levity. These is so because, failure to make appropriate decision here is the beginning of failure.  Many organizations are facing problems today just because they take the decision that is most profitable for their concern.   However this decision often seems to be taken as required by design, production and purchasing department.

In considering these decisions it is worth not things than 50% of company’s annual budget spends by the purchasing department, and millions of naira is   lost annually as a result of purchased items.  It would therefore be more economical to decide whether to make or buy material required.

  • Cost :- the cost associated with manufacturing needs materials in house and the current cost f purchase, if material must be bought, it determine which one is cost effective.
  • Availability of product capacity:- the firm should consider whether there is enough person machinery and technical know how that would be place then, the firm ma embark on “make” decision  and if otherwise, it has to locate right source a supply  form who to buy.
MAKE OR BUY DECISION AS AN IMPORTANT TOOLS FOR PROFITABILITY IN MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATION. (A CASE STUDY OF GLOBAL SOAP DETERGENT INDUSTRY LIMITED, ILORIN).

PROBLEMS FACING MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATIONS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED)

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     INTRODUCTION

One of the major problems facing manufacturing organizations in Nigeria is how to get raw materials for production.

It is on record that many manufacturing organization have decided to reduce their production or close down as a  result of inadequate supply or  total lack of  raw materials, these has affected employees in these organizations. The economic down turn which had led to the introduction of structural adjustment programme had necessitated the introduction of such raw materials research and development council (RMRDC) which was established in the yea 1981 with the primary mandate to promote the development and utilization of Nigeria industrial raw materials and to provide industrial support based investment in all the states of the federation. The effort of the council has significantly widened in respect of the raw materials base for the manufacturing and service rendering organization.

It is then responsibility of the purchasing manager to ensure that the materials are purchased and delivered to the organization at the right time in order to carryout this  function effectively, there is need for although suitable market research to find a source or source from where the material can be obtained through the sourcing technique.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE GENERAL PROBLEM

          The most common and general problem affecting sourcing in Doyin investment Nigeria limited, Ilorin are the following.

  1. Problem of allowing the non professionals to function: this problem arises in a situation where the organization is using  is using non professional for sourcing function resulting in poor selection. Or the suppliers
  2. The problem of constraint price inflation by the suppliers on the pretence that price has gone up
  3. Problem of specification: in accurate specification of materials leads to sourcing unerring g or wrong materials which does not meet the organization latude for creating an arms supplies and need. Co sequencing and arms suppliers and need. Consequently considerable consist and effects and lost.

1.3     HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED

          The doyin investment Nigeria limited Ilorin was sited along Asa-dam road, Ilorin Kwara State. The company which specialized in the production of soaps extra power flash hi clean, vogue, dentol- clean and wash right.

The company was incorporated in October 1984 by the federal government of Nigeria under commerce an the industry law in 1985, will the plants were required into the staff and the process of installation stated immediately. The  commissioning  of the industry was done toward the end of 1985. This industry is under doyin group of company, the head office is at Lagos. Doyin is from kwara state. He decided to site, the industry in the state capital for the purpose of reducing the problems of unemployment within and outside the state. The organizational structure of the company shows the forcing musical management who is at the head of the industry. The responsibilities of the whole organization rest on him. He is the only person that gives orders on any important issues may be when there is any purchase of capital equipment of if they are going to purchase a large quantity of raw materials involving thousands of naira.

After the general manager production manager and auditing control manager are the next the technical manager is the electronically engineering store. The store supervision port directly to the technical manager whenever there is any need to purchase costly equipment or tools.

  1. The production includes:-
  2. Flash cartoons for packing the detergent in case.
  3. Inner cases to which the scalp or the detergent itself is being packaged
  4. Policy product (wash right bags) is used to pack the detergents that were not in to cartons it is weighted in kilogram (500kg).

B. The component of the raw materials stores.

i. stop (sodium tripolifo stato)

ii. Sodium silindicate

  1. Glue
  2. Blue crop
  3. Blue dye

All these raw materials that are kept for the production process in  the raw materials store until they came to request for them from the production shop floor.

The quality control manager, in collaboration with design and engineering department work on quality chemical that should be used, the  designing packaging and packages. What types of colour will attract customers dimension of the carton hardiness so that it does not just get pilled any how. The quality control department forecast the amount of raw materials to be used as it is always happing in all organization on stores department will supply the entire documents connected with the purchase of raw materials and stationary to the account department so that the necessary funds is given to them to buy from outside organization. All these decumbent are not given to the accounts department alone to supply money from the purchase but the account department uses it for preparation of the annual budget.

In every department there are supervisor monitoring the affairs of clerks and other cleanses

PROBLEMS FACING MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATIONS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED)

IMPACT OF STORE FUNCTIONS ON ACHIEVING ORGANIZATIONAL OBJECTIVES (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED ASA DAM ILORIN)

ABSTRACT

          This project work will focus on the impact of stock functions on organizational objectives a case study of Doyin investment Nigeria limited Ilorin.

          Store function is vital part of any organization whether profit oriented services aimed services for agricultural undertaking.

          No any organization can operate effectively without store for the purpose of better emphasis the whole project work will be segmented into five chapters.

          Chapter one will comprise of the general introduction historical background of the case study and general problems of the study. Limitations and constrains and definition of terms, chapter two will be devoted to literature review, chapter three will illuminates the research methodology research approach/Design, summary of data , research population and sampling size, sampling procedure employed, and statistical method of data analysis, chapter four will focus on data presentation and analysis, chapter five being the last chapter will consist of summary of findings, conclusion, recommendation and appendix.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     INTRODUCTION

          The store function is primarily concerned with the holding of stock however this did not say that function of stores is refined to just holding controlling and issuing of stock but it embraces wide range of acting store control of all storehouses stock and outside storage units, materials handling function, quality control activities, training of stores staff clerical administration of store operation and a host of others.

          Moreover, store function is a concept that involves a progressing of delivery quality control storage progressing of delivery quality control storage preservation and finally distribution and issue.

          However, it stores is a major cost center because it considerable saving can be effected through an effective and materials and supplied from this life blood of any efficient control of stores and this helping organization to the organization profitability.

1.2     HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED    

          Doyin investment limited is a member of Doyin group of companies and the first indigenous company licensed to manufacture soap and detergent in Nigeria. It was in cooperated on 8th October, 1984 with head offices at Lagos and factory situated at Dr. Amuda Aluko way, Ilorin Kwara state.

          The company is operated, managed and directed by full blooded Nigerians owned by courageous and experienced industrialist, prince (DR) Samuel Adedoyin who had for many years been championing indigenous technology background integration and the use of local raw materials in Nigeria.

          Doyin investment limited industry was established in response to the call of the Kwara state government in industrializing Kwara state government on indigenous of the state to join hands with the state government in industrializing Kwara state. Prince (DR) Samuel Adedoyin is the chairman and managing director the affair the companies are managed under as the leadership of Mrs. Omolola Olabayo who is the executive director members of engineers. T.N Njoku as the general manager. The company operates the following departments. Personnel and administration, technical, production account, sales marketing audit purchasing, laboratory, quality control raw materials silicate, sulphurization and departments.

          The company has greatly contributed to the growth of the Nigeria economy through industrialization. Despite the economy downturn, the company has intermorphosed from one detergent factory and pioneer staff  strength of 40 in 1985 to the present agglomerate of seven factories with a staff strength of over 1000 in the company.

IMPACT OF STORE FUNCTIONS ON ACHIEVING ORGANIZATIONAL OBJECTIVES (A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED ASA DAM ILORIN)

IMPACTS OF EFFECTIVE SOURCING ON THE ATTAINMENT OF ORGANIZATIONAL OBJECTIVES A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED ILORIN

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this project work is to assess the impacts of effective sourcing on the attainment of organizational objectives with reference to Doyin investment Nigeria limited Ilorin. Sourcing is the process of searching for the right supplier’s capable of meeting the requirement of the buying company. Whether an organization succeeds or fail depends how effective and efficient suppliers are. Therefore the impacts of survey on the attainment of an Organizations corporate goals and Objective significance of the study cannot be underestimated. In order to ensure easy comprehensive of the research project, the whole project has been divided into five Chapters as follows: Chapter one consist of introduction, historical background of the case study, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitation and constraint, definition of terms. Chapter two will focus on literature review consisting of the opinions of various authors of different texts consulted. Chapter three will highlight the research methodology, research design, source of data, data collection tools, research population and sample sizes, sampling procedure employed and method of data analysis. Chapter four will be based on the data presentation and analysis. Chapter five being the last chapter and Summary of findings, Conclusion, Recommendations and References.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Sourcing for supplier is of paramount important to business organization. Therefore selection of supplier or sources of supply should be handle with great care.

This is so because wrong choice or bad supplier can ruin firm’s operations failure to deliver or late delivery of materials by the suppliers can ruin firms operation. Failure may lead to production stoppage or uneconomical urgent order both which may have negative effects on manufacturing firms operations.

The importance of sources selecting to business organizations has called for proper sourcing policy which will assured material availability without materials there would be nothing to convert to finished products at the same time it is desirable to reduce the cost of the materials in order to optimize the use of working capital the major objective of sourcing is to search who can best supply goods or service required satisfactory it also stretches to cover the supplier’s

Development all attention must focused on finding the best supplier. The best supplier is referred to as those suppliers. Who can supply the material of the right quality and quantity at the right price time and place?

Theses five factors must be put into consideration, when selecting supplier coupled with assurance of continual supply and better pre-post sales services should be the target of a good buyer.

Evaluation of supplier (to detect the extent to which they can satisfy the five right) can be done by carrying out plant survey (plant visit) to inspect their facilities and technical know how, investigation into their management competence likewise their post performance in terms delivery and quality are all important considerations to be made as to determine whether or not to buy from local or foreign sources. Whether to use one source or two or more sources at a time whether to develop a supplier or engage in a reciprocal trade any decision reached must be in the overall benefits of the company putting into consideration the benefits and the prevailing considerations.

It must be noted that researching into market is necessary in order to have the fall information on the material needed. This information can be obtain from trade journals supplier catalogue, purchasing files, supplier information file, sales personnel etc performance of the existing supplier must be evaluated to find out whether the suppliers are performing satisfactory or not. The supplier is performing satisfactory or not. The supplier is on the list buy yet to be awarded contract too must be considered and the market situation reviewed.

The unsatisfactory supplier is to be dropped and any opportunity provided by market should be optimally used.

It must be noted that sourcing is a major purchasing function and should be performed and carried out by competent buyer with necessary skill in sourcing when carried out by a procurement expert who act in accordance with purchasing code of conduct will contribute tremendously to effective and efficient buying.

1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF DOYIN INVESTMENT COMPANY, ILORIN.

Doyin investment industry plc was located along Asa dam road in form capital Kwara state. It was established in 1983 and was incorporated as first indigenous company competing with western industries in the production of detergent. It belongs to Doyin group of companies with prince (or) Samuel Adedoyin as chairman and managing director.

Prince (Dr) Samuel Adedoyin is a native of Agbamu in Irepodun local government Area of Kwara state.

Doyin investment industry plc started operation 10th December 1985 it comprises of five factories which include soap and detergent plants source plants suppurations plant and glycerin plant. The product of Doyin group of company ltd through its subsidiaries engages in the business of soap and water, toothpaste and medicament, paints farming property hospitability and agro chemical in Nigeria.

It manufactures pharmaceutical soaps detergent body creams juice and drinks the company also provides beef cubes chicken cubes fish cubes creams detergent powder and blood tonic.

Prince (Dr) Samuel Adedoyin industrialist 76 June 4 Born in Ilorin Kwara state he is chairman Doyin industries limited starve Motors limited Doyin manufacturing company limited Adedoyin established a foundation for the handicapped and the physically challenged children at the university of form the is a merged children at the university of Ilorin He is a member Ikoyi club Lagos.

The company has been able to achieve the following aims successful challenge and monopoly of the western company detergent production won the awarded of quality from the standard organization of Nigeria in (1988 to make herself widely known as spread nationwide provide employment opportunities for Nigerians expand and add to her product life.

IMPACTS OF EFFECTIVE SOURCING ON THE ATTAINMENT OF ORGANIZATIONAL OBJECTIVES A CASE STUDY OF DOYIN INVESTMENT NIGERIA LIMITED ILORIN

INTERNATIONAL PROCUREMENT AND ITS JUSTIFICATION (A CASE STUDY OF GLOBA SOAP AND DETERGENT, ILORIN)

ABSTRACT

The research work is basically concerned with the international procurement and its justification. The research work covers the purchasing activities of Global Soap and Detergent Industry limited Ilorin. International buying is the procurement activities which involved source and obtaining needs or requirement from a foreign country for use in another country. International trade is particularly important to consumer in all nations. Nations trade in what they produce most efficiently in an atmosphere of competitive world, resulting increase standard of living for all people of the world. This research work is divided into five chapters in order to aid a better understanding. Chapter one is the introduction of the subject matter, statement of the problem of purchasing in the company, scope and limitation. The historical background of the company understudy. Global soap and detergent industry limited Ilorin and the definition of terms. Chapter two covers the literature review especially on books that are more useful and relevant to the project under study. In addition to the literature review is definition on international buying reason for growth in international buying problem of international buying justification of international purchasing and relationship of local and international buying. Chapter three is based on research methodology instrument used for data collection, population and sample size statistical method used in analyzing data. Chapter four is the presentation and analysis the data used. Chapter five contains the discussion of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations and references.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Purchasing as a subject and as a business function has really come along way. In the past when material, component part energy etc were abundant and available at ridiculously low price, purchasing was not given proper chance to operate that is why procurement was looked upon as having unimportant function.

However now that material is in short supply there is generally on existence of what is called galloping inflation.

These result to high price of material or unfriendly supply market. It will be very unreasonable for any business firms and indeed government to ignore purchasing function.

With these reason purchasing tends to play an important role in any business organization whether profit or non profit oriented. In a nutshell, the project is about the need for a company to involve international procurement.

To a layman purchasing means the process of buying raw material, component part and service. But in a broader sense procurement can be defined as the purchasing of the high quality of goods at the right price from the right sources and delivered in good condition to the right location and when required.

Procurement these days for organization especially profit oriented company has become very difficult because of the international operation involved. The company has to buy international to make its product. This nowadays firms in African countries or content can now produce their material requirement and service from few distance sources in American continent.

The researcher case study of Global Soap and Detergent Limited Ilorin will at the long run benefit in the are of appraisal made by the researchers on how foreign buying activities are accomplished. At the end of the research work, recommendation to solve the problem can be employed by the company to improve its purchasing performance especially in the area of international buying.

To the reader, especially non professional colleagues knowledge concerning foreign purchasing would be gained and various reason for foreign buying would also be gain.

To the professional colleagues, how international buying is practically carried out in a company would be learnt in addition to the theoretical knowledge gained in the classroom.

Finally, the society as a whole has its share or benefit to be achieved from the project.

1.1   OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

The research work is of importance to the researcher because if forms part of the requirement for the award of Higher

National Diploma in Purchasing and Supply in the Department of Purchasing and Supply Institute of Finance and Management Studies Kwara Poly.

The research study will attempt to inform the organization under the study on the roles and immense contribution of international buying.

However, at the end of the research work, it would help to convince the management of Global Soap and Detergent Limited llorin, that Purchasing contribution is essential the overall corporate the organization lack of this may cause total collapse of the company corporate plan.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The research study deal with international procurement and its justification in a company. An international buying involves more complex procedure relating to local buying. There is tendency for some problem to arise during the practice. Among some problem encounter by the company are how to locate foreign supplier, how to get traveling document, licensed, importation duties. More so, fluctuation in exchange rates, instability in rate of exchange is one of the problems frustrating the industry in which the cost important becomes higher.

Lastly, the distance between one nation and another may so great that it makes the cost of transportation high.

1.3   SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This research works will cover buying for organization. Thus its scope will be based only on international buying aspect.

Also, the study will be restricted to the chosen company Global Soap and Detergent Ilorin by analyzing the various procedures involved in international procurement. The study will start right from origin of needs and ends with clearing of the goods at what or port of entry.

They researcher faced some problems in the course of carrying out the research work, which range from financial problem and time factors. The researcher was also denied some accessibility to copies of various document use in the organization when sourcing abroad for security purpose. Also the attitudes of the respondent create much problem. Most of them schedule a time in which they will never be around whenever you are there.

Lastly, the organization lack purchasing library in which secondary data can be yet for the researcher.

  • Theoretical Scope: this refers to the area to be covered during the period of research work. The area to be discussed shall be limited to purchasing and supply.
  • Geographical Scope: The researcher shall offer useful suggestions where necessary so that the organization could be able to advice much for progress and make valuable contribution to see the economic depression of this great nation.
  • Industrial Scope: The researcher will focus more attention on the purchasing department with particular reference of Global Soap and Detergent Industry as regard their activities.
  • Time Scope: This is where the researcher would use his time to spend for collecting data from the organization in order to get facts from them.
INTERNATIONAL PROCUREMENT AND ITS JUSTIFICATION (A CASE STUDY OF GLOBA SOAP AND DETERGENT, ILORIN)