A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOURS OF ADMINISTRATORS IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NSUKKA EDUCATION ZONE OF ENUGU STATE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                                                         i

Approval Page                                                                          ii

Certification                                                                             iii

Dedication                                                                               iv

Acknowledgements                                                                  v

List of Tables                                                                           vi

Table of Contents                                                                     viii

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION                                                      1

Statement of the Problem                                                                           10

Purpose of the Study                                                                                  11

Significance of the study                                                                                       12

Scope of the Study                                                                                     13

Research Questions                                                                                    14

Research Hypotheses                                                                                  14

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE                                   15

Conceptual Framework                                                                            16

  • Concept of leadership                                                                       16
  • Concept of  transformational leadership style                                   25
  • Concept of secondary schools                                                           30

Theoretical Framework                                                                                       35

  • Theory X and Y                                                                                35
  • Contingency theory of leadership                                                      37

Empirical Studies                                                                                                38

Studies on leadership style and teacher performance                                  38

Studies on leadership style and job satisfaction                                          39

Studies on school organizational climate and leadership style                     40

Studies on leadership styles                                                                        41

Studies on transformational leadership styles                                            45

Summary of Literature Review                                                                46

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS                                               48

Design of the Study                                                                                    48

Area of the Study                                                                                        48

Population of the Study                                                                              49

Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                              49

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                             50

Validation of the Instrument                                                                      51

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                       51

Method of Data Collection                                                                         52

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                      52

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA 53

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF RESULTS

Discussion of the Results                                                                66

Conclusion of the study                                                           66

Educational Implications                                                         70

Recommendations                                                                   73

Limitation of the Study                                                            75

Suggestion for Further Study                                                   75

Summary of the Study                                                             76

References                                                                                                  77

Appendices                                                                                                82

Abstract

The study was a comparative study of transformational leadership behaviour of administrators in public and private secondary schools in Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State. A-45 item questionnaire titled “Transformational Leadership Questionnaire (TLQ)” was developed by the researcher and administered on 174 respondents and was used to collect data for the study. The instrument was validated by two experts in Educational Administration and Planning and another expert in Measurement and Evaluation all from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The instrument yielded reliability co-efficient of 0.88 using cronbach alpha method. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the four research questions, while t-test statistic was used to test the four hypotheses, while t-test for the study at 0.05 level of significance. The major findings of the study were both private and public secondary school administrators’ initiate intellectual stimulation to their staff through sensitization programmes like seminars, conferences, in-service training like sandwich programmes and private school administrators’ symbolize professional practices and values as they communicate high performance values and practice to their staff. New ways of doing things are accepted by the staff and the leader. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others for the need for the administrators of public and private secondary schools to attend sensitization programmes like seminars, workshops, conferences on transformational leadership to enable them carry along, the students, the teacher and the local community so as to attain the basic of objective of secondary education. Limitations of the study were outlined, and suggestions for further study given. 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

          Leadership is fundamental to the existence of any organization. It focuses on the accomplishment of goals and objectives of the organization. The leader influences the behaviours of the people who work for an organization so as to achieve the basic goals upon which the organization or group is found. The process through which leaders influence their followers to work towards attainment of certain goals that represent the values, needs, aspirations and expectations of both the leaders and the followers is termed leadership.

Leadership connotes the ability to get things done with the assistance and co-operation of other people within the organization (Ake, 2007).  The effective leader is not only able to make his subordinates do what they have to do but also recognize that they must be motivated to ensure that they continue to work hard until the goals and objectives of the organization are met. Other qualities of good leaders are unquestionable discipline, endurance, integrity and persistence in attaining goals. Most good leaders have crucial vision. They know how to motivate people to believe in the same vision they have for themselves.

Leadership is very crucial for school administration. Leadership and administration are usually mistaken to be the same, but there are differences. While every administrator is a leader not all leaders are administrators. In leadership, authority is derived from the followers but in administration authority is derived from the statutory functions of the office holder (Chiaha, 2009). However their qualities are similar. Good school administrators are perceptive and strategic leaders. Ezinne (2010) observed that a good school administrator should have the knowledge to make the correct call in making sure that the organization is successful. Therefore, a good school administrator must have to be strategic, wise and perceptive. Similarly, a good school administrator, just like a good leader, must be passionate charismatic and good communicators to enable them carry along the teachers and other members of staff to enhance good administrative and learning climate in the school. A good school administrator with the above qualities tends to actualize the goals of the school in terms of improving teaching and learning along side welfare of the staff.

In the secondary school system, the school administrator (principal) has the responsibility as an instructional leader to ensure effective teaching and learning by exerting his influence or position as the school administrator. This is especially needed where there is an upsurge of private secondary schools in recent times (Collins, 2009). This upsurge refers to the sporadic springing up of private schools due to poor instructional leadership quality of public school principals whom parents often accuse of not rendering high quality educational services to the learners (Ugwu, 2010). The reaction is based on the proactive measures which the principals of private school often adopt for ensuring instructional improvement of their students. This implies that parents and stakeholders often look forward to effective leadership of schools to enable their wards progress academically.  Apparently, therefore, transformational leadership seems to be the answer to their problem.

Experts express opinions that transformational leadership appears to offer the most comprehensive description and generate the most beneficial results in an organization. Leithword (2007) observed that transformational leaders have three main goals which comprise development of staff, maintenance of collaborative school culture and participatory decision-making process which is geared towards the attainment of both individual and organizational (group) goals. The second goal is fostering teacher development by giving teachers a role in solving school problems by allowing them some ownership of the problem and its solutions. Ultimately, transformational leaders help followers solve problems more effectively by encouraging collaboration and promoting the idea that staff, working together, can often find a better solution to a problem than the administrator acting alone. This is probably why private schools seem to apply the use of transformational leadership more often than not (Adebayo, 2009).

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LOCAL CONSTRUCTION OF BATTERY POWERED DUAL FACE RADIOGRAPHIC VIEWING BOX WITH ROTATABLE NECK AND ADJUSTABLE STAND

INTRODUCTION

Radiographic viewing box is an illuminator use in viewing radio graphs. Proper viewing conditions are very important when interpreting a radio graph. The viewing condition can enhance or degrade the subtle detail of the radio graph 14. Before beginning the evaluation of radio graph, the viewing equipment and area should be considered. The area should be clean and free of distracting materials, magnifying aids, and film makers should be close at hand. Its function being to improves subject contrast of a radiographic image by enhancing the visualization of radio graphs without which a radiographic image even with a good objectives contrast may not be well interpreted due to difference in perception of radiographic contrast by different observers 9. X-ray illuminators have found increasing use in recent years as a tool for diagnosing medical problem.
Since the discovery of x-ray in 1895 by William roentgen in Germany, many x-ray equipment and accessories have evolved, all aiming at proper radiation protection and adequate diagnosis of illnesses. Among these inventions are the x-ray illuminators, which play an important role in film viewing, perception and interpretation of visible images.
Unfortunately, conventional x-ray illuminators lack recharge ability which is a factor that has been limiting its use in the event of power failure.
The aim of this project is to construct a battery powered dual face radiographic viewing box with rotatable neck and adjustable stand that alleviates the cumbersomeness of carrying a table to a long distance for viewing of radio graphs.
This illuminator will improve grade performance and produce clear images for more simplified accurate diagnosis, although the x-ray viewing box is locally constructed but it will be international standard with many features like momentary start switch standard, internal ventilation with a fan high luster white color coat finish, quality steel material and will accommodate all kinds of x-rays without occupying too much space.

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THE ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN THE FACE OF A DEPRESSED ECONOMY

ABSTRACT

Banking is in the midst of change that has arisen due to economic depression. As government seek to improve economic efficiency and better allocation of resources to solve the problem of economic depression, policy makers are shifting towards openness, competitiveness and market discipline.

In response to the developments, Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria engaged in financial sanitizing, management strengthening, corporate refocusing, Business Process Re engineering (BPR), mergers and acquisitions in order to survive the depressed economy. This whole process is called survival strategies through corporate restructuring.

The writer made efforts to discuss issues, facts and environmental factors surrounding the wave of deposit money banks’ survival in a depressed economy like Nigeria.

The impact of this research in banks was gleaned from five performance indicators namely total assets, total deposits, loans and advances, profit before tax and shareholders’ funds, of First Bank of Nigeria Plc. The research looked at the position of these indicators before and after the sanitizing exercise undertaken by the banks for survival and also, its impact on the entire banking system bearing in mind the effect of globalization on the financial market in particular and the economy at large.

Chapter four shows the presentation and analysis of First Bank’s financial statement with the use of chart, tables, bar chart and graph.

Chapter five summarizes all that was discussed from chapter one to four and gave suggestions on how deposit money banks can survive in a depressed economy.

Finally, this researcher leaves this work open to constructive criticisms and expects future scholars to delve into further research and improve on this work.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Nigerian economy is faced with national and global economic challenges and as such, the financial institutions, especially the banking sector has an option of sanitizing and restructuring its operational processes in order to survive the depressed economy, as well as embarking on a consolidation exercise which would have some wider structural effects on the industry and on the economy as a whole.

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THE EXTENT OF USE OF AUDIO–VISUAL MATERIALS IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study:

English is a language of the people of England. It originates from the Jute, Angles and Saxon, who are the early settlers in Britain. It is part of the Germanic branch of the Indo European language family. At the initial state, English was confined to Britain alone. Later, it grew wide within the British Empire as a Prestigious Core Language among all other European languages in the upper classes of London, Oxford, Wales, Ireland, Scotland, Cambridge and England. It further developed and got to other people of the world. It spread to Asia, Germany, Africa and other continents as a Native Language, Second Language or Foreign Language. Progressively, English Language has spread virtually all over the world.


English, throughout the world, is a significant everyday language. It is a global language and widely distributed medium of instruction and communication. It has a prestigious official status and has acquired a constitutionally endorsed legal right. It has gained explicit recognition, which has established it as a medium of administration, education, international relations, commerce and law. Throughout the world, English language is very important (Mac Arthur, 1996).
In Nigeria, English language is a second language and a lingua franca. This means that it is the language for unit, communication economy, national pride, law, press, trade and instruction. As a language of instruction, it is an essential prerequisite for an advancement and career succession in the country. It means a lot in the life and progress of a child as it is a key subject with profound influence on all the school subjects.
The English Language is used in the Junior Secondary Schools as core school subject. It is a solid foundational course. The key elements of the course are designed to cover the basic four language skills, which are listening, reading, speaking and writing. It is expected that after learning these skills in Junior Secondary School, the students who choose to work can use the language fluently while those who wish to go further can be very proficient in the language.

THE EXTENT OF USE OF AUDIO–VISUAL MATERIALS IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

IMPEDIMENTS TO THE ACQUISITION OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION BY SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT

ABSTRACT

The study employed a survey designed. A sample of 800 students which were randomly selected served us the study sample. Data were collected using the questionnaire. Mean and standard derivation were used to analyze the data. It was found out that lack of interest and inadequate personnel and facilities were serious impediments to acquisition of computer education. Finally, recommendations were made that enough trained personnel should be recruited and posted to schools to teach computer studies.

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THE EFFECT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION USAGE IN BANKING IN UNITED BANK FOR WEST AFRICAN PLC (UBA) NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

The life of geography began with the abacus calculation instrument.geography Usage It is still used today by people in doing some counting.
The effect of geography usage in banking sector:
i.Computer is more reliable and also saves time
ii.It also provides easy access of information about customers account number and details into the computer.
iii. It also provide easy accessing of already completes projects.
iv. geography as an information technology helps to detects and eliminate fraud for immediate action fro further occurrence.
Before the use of geography, Nigeria will recall the long gone days of the tallies when customers need to rush to the bank as early as possible to submit their tellers in exchange for tallies so as to avoid the long delays. This was a result of the manual processing of Computer Networking; this is the ability of several geography in communication for sharing common data, files.
Bank: bank is an organization offering financial services, especially the safe keeping of money.
Banking industry: this refers to a place where business activities of bank are carried out as services.

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IDENTIFICATION OF DIFFICULT TEACHING-LEARNING TOPIC IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL TECHNICAL EDUCATION CURRICULUM

ABSTRACT

This research work was conducted to identify difficult topics in teaching and learning topic in senior secondary schools curricula in Enugu urban of Enugu state, Nigeria. (A case study of SS3 curricula of chemistry, physics and English language). Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. A survey design was adopted for the study. A sample of 16 teachers in the subject areas and 200 students were drawn from the 16 senior secondary schools of SS3 in the Enugu South and Enugu North Local Government Areas. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data and the data collected were analyzed using percentages, mean deviation and t-test for hypothesis. The finding of the study showed that, most of the teachers did not cover those areas when they were students, which made them to shy away from teaching those difficult topics in physics, chemistry and English language. The following recommendations were made:
The teachers should attend workshops, seminars and conferences. Resource personnel should be used to teach difficult topics, and they should be provided with adequate instructional materials for the teaching and learning of the difficult topics. The strategies identified by the study should also be used to stimulate the teaching and learning of physics, chemistry and English language and other science subjects in senior secondary schools.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

According to Horny (2000), the word “Identification is defined as the process of showing, providing or recognizing who or what somebody or something is”.
Therefore, the identification of difficult teaching and learning topics in SS3 physics, chemistry and English language curricula in Nigeria can be seen as the process of showing or providing or recognizing the difficult topics in teaching and learning physics, chemistry and English language in SS3 curricula in Nigeria.
But, in order to identify the difficult teaching and learning topics in SS3 physics, chemistry and English language curricula, we have to look into how the definitions of the word curriculum have been offered by different educationists.

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FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERFORMANCE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION STUDENTS IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

Abstract

The study investigated the factor affecting the performances of computer science students in Junior Secondary Schools in Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu state. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. The questionnaires were constructed by the researchers in line with the research questions. Ten schools out of the fifteen schools in Enugu North Local Government Area were used for the study. The population for the study were all computer teachers 1 each from 5 schools and 2 each in 5 schools. They are all 15 in number. The entire population of the teacher in the 10 schools were used because of their limited number. The data collected was analyzed and presented using mean. Finally the results expose that there is shortage of qualified teachers teaching the subject “computer science”. The Government and schools do not provide adequate instructional materials and computer laboratories facilities which affect the learning of computer science in these schools. The government does not award scholarship to computer teachers who have distinguished themselves in excellent services. There are no standard text books for the teaching of computer in the junior secondary schools in Enugu North. All these factors affect the performance of the computer science students in the junior secondary schools in Enugu North. Recommendations were made by the researchers at the end and suggestions for further studies were also highlighted.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Nigeria has realized the importance of functional education for the good and services of mankind. This realization is evidenced in the National Policy on Education (FRN, 2004). Where it is emphasized that, the overall philosophy of education in Nigeria among others should be directed to building a united, strong and self reliant nation by educational activities being geared towards scientific and technological progress. In the developing world, educational policy are faced with a major task, how to create chances of success for all children and their citizenry as a whole.

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CONSTRAINTS OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN ENUGU EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA.

ABSTRACT

The topic of this study is constraints to effective teaching and learning of computer and integrated science in Enugu East Local Government Area (Problems and Remedies). The purposes of the study was to find out the problems affecting teaching and learning of compute and integrated science in Enugu East Local Government. In junior secondary schools and proffer solutions to the problems. The study is a descriptive survey research. The instrument used for data collection is questionnaire, the sample was selected through simple random sampling hand delivery method was used both for administering and collection of the filed questionnaires, statistical text used for data analyses are questionnaire. Unqualified and inexperience teaches, teaching in an unhealthy environment, inadequate textbooks, equipments, instructional materials and non-chalant attitude on the part of students to learn computer and integrated science. The researcher, therefore, recommends that qualified computer/integrated science teachers should be employed. N80, there should be adequate facilities such as libraries with current textbooks and laboratories. Regular supervision should be encouraged to make the teachers more dedicated.

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The importance of the teaching and learning of computer and integrated science cannot be over emphasized as they are the background to science and technology, which played effective role in the life of man in the society. Such roles applies to medical, transportation, education, Automation, communication, Building and constructions, national defense and Global security 9 Turner .T. Isuon, 2003).
Through the introduction of computer age, one could not imagine how rapidly our world is changing and with the advent of electronic computer, it has only taken a few short decades to make giant studies such that man has full control over his environment, all these are the result of effective teaching and learning of computer science.
Integrated science in the other hand is the knowledge of the world of nature (the new encyclopedia Britannica, 20030.

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COMPARISON OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN EXTERNAL EXAMINATIONS FROM 2003-2007

ABSTRACT

Comparison of academic performance the research investigated the comparison of academic performances of junior Science in External Examinations from 2003- 2007. This study is a survey research design. It is a research conducted on a large number of people to identify general opinion. The study was carried out in Enugu North Local Government Area. The area belongs to Enugu Educational Zone. The population of the study consist of all the students and teachers in junior secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State. The population of the students are 20, 470 while that of teachers are 4, 300. We used four junior secondary schools as our sample out of the junior secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State. Random sampling techniques were used to select ten (10) students from each of the schools used in the table listed above to ensure that the relevant features of the population were adequately represented. Five (5) staff (teachers) from each of the schools were also sampled. The instrument used was a questionnaire design to elicit responses on the items in questions. The researchers used the four like scale of strongly agreed (SA), Agreed (A) Disagreed (D) and strongly |Disagreed (SD). The respondents are required to tick against the column that best describes their views in each item. The questionnaire will be distributed to ten (10) students from each schools and five (5) teachers from each schools and will also be collected through item. The researchers’ used mean to analyze and interpret the data. Interpretation of the data was based on the following scores interval:comparison of academic performance

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Comparison of academic performance measuring of academic performance of student is challenging since student performance is the product of socio-economic, psychological and environmental factors. Education ought to be growing as a profitable industry with prime objective of maximizing profit by delivering high quality education that produces well educated, skilled mannered students according to needs and requirements of the dynamically growing market. There are two groups of students as generally perceived, that is those who improve and those who don’t improve.

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THE EXTENT OF AVAILABILITY OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND THEIR ACCESSORIES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN SENIOR SECONDARY IN ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA.

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to investigate the extent of availability of computer systems and accessories for effective teaching and learning in senior secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area.The population of the study consisted of two hundred and forty teachers and students in senior secondary school in Enugu North L.G.A simple Survey research was used for the research design and simple random sampling techniques were used to select the subject for the study which is one hundred and forty (140) were administered,( 120) were returned duly completed while twenty (20) were not returned. Four (4) research questions guided the study. The questionnaire was used in data analysis. A mean of 2.50 and above was adopted as a cut of mark for the acceptance of items. The result findings showed that the computer systems and accessories for teaching and learning computer science in schools, are largely unavailable. Based on this, some implications of the study and recommendations were made.

EVALUATION OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN ENUGU STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL)

ABSTRACT

Evaluation of accounting education the study evaluated Accounting education programme in Enugu State College of Education, Technical, Enugu. Four research questions were asked and ensured. The research method used is survey type.
The population of the study is 1262 (one thousand two hundred and sixty two). Data were corrected from two hundred students (200) and five (5) lecturers of the department of Accounting Education in ESECT. The instrument used was questioner. The instrument was validated by the academic staff of the Accounting education in ASPECT. The questioners were administered and collected fro data analysis.
The data collected were analyzed using means. After analysis it was fund out that the following responses were indicated by having high mean value. The major findings of the study were inadequate of conducive offices for working, unsteady power supply for practical, inability of the students to write programming language. Based on this recommendations the school authority should help in providing steady power supply.evaluation of accounting education.

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EXTENT OF USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ENUGU STATE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

In teaching, it is highly desirable to know exactly what one aims to achieve as it is in all great undertaking. Instructional materials according to Wiki (1998), are kind of tools or equipment that can help the instructor effectively in theory teaching classroom or in practical assessment. They are also materials that aid in the transference of information from one to another. Also Ilori (2000) pin-pointed that instructional material are aids the teacher uses to arouse the interest of the learner there by enabling the learner to gain direct experience. Instructional materials are assumed to have being in place right from the primary school level but if not properly utilized, enhancement of learning is thwarted. The neglect of the use of instructional materials by teachers pose negative effect in the process of teaching and learning of Accounting education. Merrrel (1993) (p.37) pointed out that at present, schools are continually faced with financial problem and this could increase the likelihood that teachers will make more use of free or cheap teaching materials to supplement their own ageing resources. It is therefore important that teachers remain vigilant and exercise sound judgment on approaching what is available to help them teach and their pupils to learn.instructional materials

The extent to which instructional materials are made available also determines the extent to which they are being utilized in teaching and learning of Accounting education. Onwuka (1981) indicated that instructional materials help the teacher to convey the intended message effectively and meaningfully to the learners so that the learner receive, understand, retain and apply the experience gained to reach an educational goal.
Instructional materials are some of the most important devices which both teachers and learners can use to enhance the quality of instruction.

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EXTENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION LITERACY POSSESSED BY JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHERS

ABSTRACT

There is a need for everybody to be computer literate in the society, and this made us to carry out this project work titled the extent of computer literacy possessed by junior secondary science teachers in Enugu education zone. We have five research designs and the area of the study is Enugu education zone. Simple random sampling was used. The sample of the study is made up of 10 schools selected at random from the 27 existing schools in the zone. 50 teachers were selected from the 150 teachers in the zone, that is, 5 teachers from each of the 10 schools sampled.

The main instrument for data collection was questionnaire. The instrument was structured according to strongly agree, agree, disagreed and strongly disagreed. In our study, we find out that the teachers still have along way to go in the world of computer.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

This century has witnessed the transformation of the human society from the industrial age to information age. The volume of information that circulates in an economy is now a measure of the level of advancement of any economy. Industries enjoy relative advantage over their competitors if they have monopoly of some classes of business information. Nation is stronger than others because they have more information. It is therefore, not surprising that government and private business organizations invest significant proportion of their budget in information technology. The computer plays a central role in the acquisition, processing, storage, dissemination, and use of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information. The use of computer has revolutionized the way we do business, study, work, and social activities and so on, as well as continue to touch and change our daily lives in a profound way. So significant is the impact of computer that it is regarded as an enabling technology, the facilitator of change and the creator of hitherto unimaginable possibilities.

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THE IMPACT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION STUDIES IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS OF LEARNING IN ENUGU STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

In 1949 the government of Nigeria appointed F.J. Harlow, principal of Chelsea Polytechnic (London) to asses the need of establishing a College or Colleges of Higher Technical Education (Fafunwa 1994). The report of the two teams led to the establishment in 1952 of three regional Colleges named the Nigeria Colleges of Art, Science and Technology with branches at Ibadan, Enugu and Zaria. Chronological emergence of the Polytechnics showed that the first full blown Polytechnics in Nigeria were first and foremost Technical Institute or Colleges which were primarily established to train technicians. To mention for instance, the Yaba Technical Institute that metamorphosed to the present Yaba College of Technology in 1963 is one of such institute.
However, in the 1970’s Polytechnics/Colleges of Technology were established under various laws which recognize them as statutory bodies with autonomous status. The Institute of Management and Technology is not only a State owned Polytechnic but amongst the first generation of Polytechnics in Nigeria. The Enugu state University of Science and Technology started from one of the campuses of Institute of Management and Technology.
A recent event is that Enugu State College of Education (Technical) equally took off from a former Campus 2 of Institute of Management of Technology. The latest is Enugu State College of Agriculture and Agro Entrepreneurship, Iwollo. Conclusively, the Government of Enugu State has four tertiary Institutions of higher learning in Enugu State, Nigeria. The research will be basically interested in the Enugu State University of Science and Technology and College of Education (Technical), Enugu.
Also, there are several privately owned tertiary institutions namely: Institute of Ecumenical Education, Thinkers Corner Enugu; Our Savior Institute of Science, Agriculture and Technology, OSISATECH; African Thinkers College of Education, Enugu; Caritas University Emene Enugu; Renaissance University Ugbauka, Enugu; Bishop Okoye University, Emene Enugu; and The College of Education, Nsukka. However, there are other tertiary Institutions of higher learning owned by Federal Government of Nigeria.

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ATTITUDES OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION STUDENTS TOWARDS STUDENTS’ INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERICENCE SCHEME (SIWES)

ABSTRACT

This research work investigated the attitude of students towards students’ industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) using the descriptive survey research design. The research conducted among undergraduates students of the Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma. 200 students were randomly selected from the department of Vocational and Technical education. The instrument was a 20 item question name score in likert type response format; Strongly Agree (5), A =Agree (4), U= Undecided (3), DA= Disagree (2), and SD =Strongly Disagree (1). The research questions were analyzed using the mean rating, and the findings showed that:

  1. School equipment were not found replicating those in the industries
  2. The schools lack adequate infrastructures that discouraged students further in showing concern for industry’s based training
  3. Knowledge of I.T was found to be valuable in giving students an idea of industrial management
  4. SIWES enhance student’s ability to tackle technical problems

It was however recommended that ITF should ensure that regular visitation of the IT officers to supervisors, agencies, institution, employers and students on attachment. Also, checking of log –book issued to students at place of attachment by institutions is recommended in order that the average vocational students can develop a good sense of work commitment.

CHAPTER ONE

Background to the Study

Attitude as a concept is concerned with individuals’ way of thinking, acting, and behaving. Attitudes are formed as a result of some kind of learning experiences. Attitude is fundamental to understanding social perception of people because they strongly influence people. Ojo (2000) said that it is the disposition of men to view things in a certain way and to act accordingly. This notion of attitude however, could be said to have propelled students who gain admission into universities to have preference for a particular course of study. Furthermore, some students still hold divergent views based on their attitudinal disposition to the Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES), which motivate them towards the studying of Technical and Vocational Education (TVE) in tertiary institutions.

According to Akerele (2007) the  present  state  of  technological  development  in  Nigeria  calls  for  appropriate  orientations  towards technological and vocational education as a springboard for skills acquisition. The Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN) (2004) in her national policy on education defined technical and vocational education as acquisition of demonstrable skills that could be transformed into economic benefits. It also refers to those aspects of education process  involving  general  education,  the  study  of  technologies,  science  and  acquisition  of  practical  knowledge and skills.

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A STATISTICAL UNIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF THE GENERAL RESPONSE OF LOCAL DOGS TO VACCINATION (A CASE STUDY OF THE NATIONAL VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, VOM PLATEAU STATE).

CHAPTER ONE
1.1. INTRODUCTION
Vaccination of dogs generally is of utmost importance to us seeing that dog is man’s best friend. Vaccinating dogs not only helps to save dogs from infections but it also helps to protect man, seeing that we humans are in constant contact with dogs and most Nigerians eat dogs. So therefore it is essential we take proper care of dogs around us by vaccinating them appropriately.
Prompt Vaccinations protects dogs from specific diseases that can make it very sick, disable or even kill it. They help to boost the dog’s immune system against pathogens or disease causing organisms. Vaccines create immunity that protects dogs from an infection without causing the suering of the disease itself.
Dog Vaccination is when a, or, is deliberately administered to a dog (usually by injection) so that the dog’s immune system can prepare to fight a future infection (Adams 2005). There are vaccines to help prevent many illnesses that affect dogs. Vaccinating your dog has long been considered one of the easiest ways to help him live a long and healthy life. Not only are there different vaccines for different diseases, there are different types and combinations of vaccines in Nigeria today. Regular and prompt vaccination of dogs have contributed both to the health of dogs and to the public health. In countries where routine rabies vaccination of dogs is practiced, for example, rabies in humans is reduced to a barest minimum.
Generally in Nigeria, we have two major types of dog vaccines in Nigeria namely, the killed vaccine which is locally made here in Nigeria and the modified live vaccine (MLV) which is oen imported into the country (Obi 2005).

1.2. STATEMENT OF GENERAL PROBLEM
Generally in Nigeria, dog vaccination has had its fair share of inconsistencies especially when it has a lot to do with vaccination of local dogs. The general response of local dogs in Nigeria has come under intense scrutiny, thus leading us to undertake this research work of statistically determining how local dogs respond to the two major types of vaccines when used together with worm expellants. When it comes to how local dogs respond to vaccines, it is generally said that puppies respond faster to vaccines than adult dogs, being researchers, we do not make assertions that are not statistically proven. There is also this major concern about the potency of these two vaccines as to which of the two is more effective when used to vaccinate local dogs; this is also a major concern which led to this statistical survey or research.

1.3. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This study is aimed at the following:
1. To find out if the antibody titer of each dog would keep increasing ,remain constant or decrease when any of the vaccines ( killed vaccine or Modified live vaccine ) is used n both puppies and adult dogs if each of the vaccines are repeatedly used.( most important)
2. To find out which among the two vaccine used would give the best result on local dogs (both adult and puppy dog). That is comparing the effect of two types of vaccines on the dogs. Which one of the de-worming drugs gives the best result when used on the local dogs?

 

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LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR OF TECHNICAL SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPAL AND PRODUCTIVITY IN ABA URBAN (A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED SECONDRY TECHNICAL SCHOOL PRINCIPALS IN ABA URBAN)

ABSTRACT 
 
This study is aimed at looking at leadership behaviour of secondary Technical school principals and productivity in Aba urban.
To carry out this research, 4 technical school has been chosen in Aba Urban which constitute the study Area. The population consists of 10 teachers from each of the four selected schools summing it to 40 teachers.
The questions will basically be directed to the teachers at the  selected secondary technical schools because they have direct and daily contact with the principals an d are in better position to make a near accurate judgment of the behavioural styles of their principals.
At the end of the studies it is expected that findings will be made  of the prevalent leadership behavourial style of the principals of there selected on the staff and students productivity and also suggestions will be made concerning this based on the result of the findings.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
APPROVAL PAGE
DEDICATION
ABSTRACT
 
CHAPTER ONE
1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT
1.4 OBJECTIVES
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
1.6 SCOPE OF STUDY
 
CHAPTER TWO 
2.1 LITERATURE REVIEW
2.2 LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR
2.2.1 FACTOR THAT AFFECT LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR
2.3 LEADERSHIP RELATIONSHIP WITH THE SUBORDINATE
2.4 LEADERSHIP TRAITS
2.5 AGE AND EXPERIENCE OF LEADERS
2.6 SEX DIFFERENCES
 
CHAPTER THREE
3.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.2 DATA REQUIREMENT
3.3 SOURCES OF DATA
3.4 POPULATION OF THE STUDY
3.5 SAMPLING PROCEDURE
3.6 DATA PRESENTATION
 
CHAPTER FOUR
4.4 DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION
 
CHAPTER FIVE
5.1 FINDING, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
 
LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR OF TECHNICAL SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPAL AND PRODUCTIVITY IN ABA URBAN (A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED SECONDRY TECHNICAL SCHOOL PRINCIPALS IN ABA URBAN)

FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST THE PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN APPLIED ELECTRICITY IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN BAYELSA STATE

ABSTRACT
 
Until recently applied electricity technical education was meant for those who could not cope effectively with conventional academic pursuits.  In Nigeria today, applied electricity technical education had become a thing of National Interest because it has been realized that it has efficacy in producing the dreamed and desired manpower for the nation.  It was on this stand that the researcher looked at the factors militating against the performance of Applied Electricity in technical colleges in Bayelsa state.
Thirty Technical Teachers were randomly sampled; research questions guided the study.  Data were collected and analyzed.  Based on the finding, it was discovered that lack of funds, teaching and learning facilities and obsolete curriculum affect the performance of Applied Electricity students, conclusion were made and recommendations proffered there after.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Certificate ii
Dedication iii
Acknowledgement iv
Abstract v
Table of contents vi
 
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem 4
1.3 Purpose of the study 5
1.4 Significance of the study 6
1.5 Research question 7
1.6 Delimitation 7
1.7 Assumption of the study 8
CHAPTER TWO
Literature Review 9
2.1 Training Facilities and Equipment 10
2.2 Economy as it Affect Teaching
Applied Electricity Studies 11
2.3 Skilled Manpower Requirements for Industrial growth 13
2.4 Importance of the Current NBTE 15
2.5 Product of Technical Colleges 18
2.6 Summary of Literature Review 20
Chapter Three
Methodology 21
3.1 The Design 21
3.2 The Area of Study 21
3.3 Population 22
3.4 Sample of the Study 22
3.5 Sample Technique 23
3.6 Instrument for Data Collection 24
3.7 Validity of the Instrument 24
3.8 Reliability of the Instrument 24
3.9 Method of Data Collection 25
3.10 Method of Data Analysis 26
Chapter Four 
Presentation and Analysis of Data 27
Chapter Five
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 34
5.1 Summary 35
5.2 Implication of Study 37
5.3 Conclusion 39
5.4 Recommendation 42
References 44
Questionnaire  48
FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST THE PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN APPLIED ELECTRICITY IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN BAYELSA STATE