THE ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT A CASE STUDY OF OBINGWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA ABIA STATE
Various accounting system is being used by different organizations or firms to speculate and analyse their financial statue.
However, for an organization to know the system of accounting they will adopt depends on the kind of transaction/business or activities such organization
engaged Nigeria my country. The problem of adopting a particular accounting system especially among the various local governments in the states, has always been taken into consideration to ensure good control and efficient management of government operation. To a reasonable and considerable extent. This has been achieved, but due to the complex system of our local government accounting, there has been some set back.
Against this background, this project is designed to point out the ways and systems through which the revenues and expenditures of local Governments are accounted for.
The accounting system of Obingwa Local Government Area will be used as a reference point to unravel this problems, and as well their solutions. Also, this project will identify the nature and purpose of L.G.A accounting and financial control.
Chapter one of this work is designed to show the introduction of the case study with the various reforms to its scope of operation. It also term’s to consider the
problems facing the local governments accounting system in Nigeria, chapter two of this research work attempts to explore in details the related literature on the
topic, review of local government accounting system will regards to Obingwa L.G.A. Also, is the L.G.A system of accounting for capital expenditure, recurrent expenditure and stores.
Chapter three will tend to examine the research design, the sample and instrument of data collection and the method of analysis. These items are moreover most
important because the validity of the study is relative to the ability of the researcher to reach those directly concerned with the problem of the research.
Chapter four is designed to analyse the responses of the respondents of Obingwa L.G.A workers at various levels.
Chapter five of this research work will tend to summarize, draw a conclusion and make recommendations that will adequately make effective impact in the maintenance of local government accounting system that will be devoid of any immaterial facts, so as to maintain a true financial position at any point in times.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT IS THE THIRD TIER OF THE THREE TIERS OF GOVERNMENT
The nationwide local government reform launched with reference to the 1999 constitution gave birth to the making of local government a third tier of
government. However, the 1999 constitution gave it a fulk legal recognition and ever since then, it has enhanced the grass-root participation at local
government and thus enlarged the responsibilities and roles of local government authorities.