FACTORS AFFECTING ACQUISITION OF VOCATIONAL SKILLS AMONG YOUTH LEARNERS IN MARANDA DIVISION SIAYA COUNTY. A RESEARCH PROJECT MATERIAL ON PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
This study seeks to investigate the factors that affect acquisition of skills among the youth in Maranda Division Siaya County. It intends to answer questions such as what is the attitude of the learners towards vocational skills offered to them? To what extent are the learning resources at the training centers adequate for assisting in the acquisition of the vocational skills? What are the different courses offered in these vocational training centers? What is the economic status of the parents or guardians of the learners? How does the qualification of the trainees or tutors affect the learners’ acquisition of skills? To what extent are the learners satisfied with vocational training? Finally what are the factors that influence the acquisition of vocational skills? The study will hopefully help curriculum developers of technical education to come up with a friendlier and manageable curriculum for the youths in vocational training centers. Through the findings of this study the poor attitude towards vocational courses by students, teachers and parents will most likely change.
The research will adopt a descriptive survey design which will involve asking as large group questions about a particular issue.
The target population will comprise of eight vocational and training centers in Maranda Division Siaya County. A stratified random sampling will be used in this study. Questionnaires with open and closed ended questions will be used.
2.0 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Vocational education is the acquisition of specific skills for self employment or career skills instruction for example cookery, dressmaking, carpentry, masonry as well as working in the industries. This type of education is offered to meet needs of individuals and society as well. The ability of individuals are utilized to the fullest Tum (1996) .Vocational education is one of the national development strategies in many societies. It creates a great impact on human resource development, productivity and economic growth Van Ark (1992).
Vocational training has been there throughout history. Every society had its craftsmen. In the United States it became popular after 1880. The courses that sprung under vocational education were industrial training, book keeping, stenography (short hand) and commercial work. The courses were offered both in private and public institutions. Trade schools in the United States of America (USA) at that time were like Copper Union, Tuskegee Institute and Pratt Institute.
In the United States there were several laws that helped to improve the work force in industries and made sure that there was vocational training for the economically challenged youth. The laws were known as Manpower Development Training Law, Vocational and Applied Technology law and Vocational Education law. The Dutch schools also paid attention to the provision of Vocational Education.