AN APPRAISAL OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (ADP) AND CASSAVA FARMING
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Atiba local government area of Oyo State in the western part of Nigeria is known for their agricultural practices; cassava is one of the agricultural products that can be found in this area of oyo state. cassava is one of the agricultural products that are consumed by both the rich and the poor; Atiba local government area is among the rural areas in Nigeria that survive mostly through the sales of agricultural products; the agricultural development programs plays a major role in the motivation of the practice of farming in these rural areas of Nigeria; the federal government of Nigeria have put up so many agricultural programs with aims of eradicating poverty in Nigeria especially the people in the rural area of Nigeria.
The people of Atiba local government area is known for their fertile land; production of cassava and fish farming; the federal government of Nigeria wishes to improve the standard of living in this area of Oyo State. The agricultural programs plays a major role in the growth and development of the Nigeria economy through agriculture; some of these agricultural programs includes: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Agricultural Development programmes (ADP), Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) and the National Economic Empowerment and Development (NEED); all these are for the growth and development of agriculture in Nigeria but for the purpose of the research work, we shall focus on the Agricultural Development Programme (ADP); this programme was established by the federal government of Nigeria in the year 1963 after independence; the main aim of this programme was to increase the production of agricultural products in Nigeria and to increase the income of most farmers that operates on a small scale through the provision of assistance such as giving them fertilizers, improved seed for good harvest; this programme have being of great important to both the small and medium scale farmers in Nigeria. according to (Ajayi and Ajala, 1997; Garba, 2000; Akpabio, 2007) they stated that the agricultural programme aimed at increasing food production for rural dwellers and raising the income level of small-scale farmers by making provision for improved seeds, fertilizer, pesticides, credit facilities and infra- structural facilities.